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Define…  Cloning- when scientists make an exact replica of something by inserting its DNA into an embryo and then putting it into an animals womb to.

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Presentation on theme: "Define…  Cloning- when scientists make an exact replica of something by inserting its DNA into an embryo and then putting it into an animals womb to."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Define…  Cloning- when scientists make an exact replica of something by inserting its DNA into an embryo and then putting it into an animals womb to develop. E.g. dolly the sheep  Genetic Modification- changing an animals genetics to fit a purpose. E.g. scientists can change a species DNA so that its kidneys can be used in human transplants  Vivisection- experiments carried out on animals  Stewardship- looking after something the best you can  Dominion- where humans rule over the world  Sentient being- able to feel pleasure and pain (being conscious)  Extinction- when a known species cannot be found. Once a species is extinct its gone. Roughly species are extinct.  Sanctity of life- life is scared as it is God given  Responsibility- duty; we are in charge of our actions  Extinction- when all the members of a species have died out and will never exist again  Cloning- when scientists make an exact replica of something by inserting its DNA into an embryo and then putting it into an animals womb to develop. E.g. dolly the sheep  Genetic Modification- changing an animals genetics to fit a purpose. E.g. scientists can change a species DNA so that its kidneys can be used in human transplants  Vivisection- experiments carried out on animals  Stewardship- looking after something the best you can  Dominion- where humans rule over the world  Sentient being- able to feel pleasure and pain (being conscious)  Extinction- when a known species cannot be found. Once a species is extinct its gone. Roughly species are extinct.  Sanctity of life- life is scared as it is God given  Responsibility- duty; we are in charge of our actions  Extinction- when all the members of a species have died out and will never exist again

3 Rights of animals  International Animal Rights Day- December 10 th  Same day UN published its declaration of Human Rights in 1948  Campaigners think animals should have similar protection to humans  Animal welfare groups like the RSPCA AND WWF monitor treatment of animals and raise awareness  British laws protect animals from cruelty  Some creatures cannot be kept as pets- e.g. rare birds  Animal experiments for cosmetic are banned  Fox hunting and dog fighting are banned- law in 2004 banning hare coursing and hunting of wild mammals with dogs  Strict regulations about animal exports  Assisi declarations  created WWF  Leaders of six major world religions met to talk about welfare of animals  International Animal Rights Day- December 10 th  Same day UN published its declaration of Human Rights in 1948  Campaigners think animals should have similar protection to humans  Animal welfare groups like the RSPCA AND WWF monitor treatment of animals and raise awareness  British laws protect animals from cruelty  Some creatures cannot be kept as pets- e.g. rare birds  Animal experiments for cosmetic are banned  Fox hunting and dog fighting are banned- law in 2004 banning hare coursing and hunting of wild mammals with dogs  Strict regulations about animal exports  Assisi declarations  created WWF  Leaders of six major world religions met to talk about welfare of animals

4 Use of Animals  Food  Farms- on battery, organic and free-range  Labour  Entertainment  Bull fighting- national sport of Spain, matador uses set moves to distract, annoy and hurt bull and then at end of fight stabs it through the heart  Pets  Guide dogs  Vivisection  Food  Farms- on battery, organic and free-range  Labour  Entertainment  Bull fighting- national sport of Spain, matador uses set moves to distract, annoy and hurt bull and then at end of fight stabs it through the heart  Pets  Guide dogs  Vivisection

5 Agree? Disagree? Unnatural Bad keeping- not able to walk it When your ill it won't get food Painful Survival of cave men depended on skill of hunter- helps countryside today Nutritious food Medical help better than wild Animals hunt each other Regulated hunting keeps population under control Unnatural Bad keeping- not able to walk it When your ill it won't get food Painful Survival of cave men depended on skill of hunter- helps countryside today Nutritious food Medical help better than wild Animals hunt each other Regulated hunting keeps population under control

6 Fur Trade  Good for economy  Renewable and natural  No endangered species are used- animals taken to reduce their numbers  Worth £500 mill to UK economy  Over 55 mill animals are killed each year  Made illegal in 2000 in England and Wales  Animals raised on battery farms and then killed by electrocution while still conscious  2.7 mill tonnes of poo/wee= pollution  Incineration (airborne toxins)  Burial (toxic breakdown products)  Rendering (high energy consumption/ effluent production)  Good for economy  Renewable and natural  No endangered species are used- animals taken to reduce their numbers  Worth £500 mill to UK economy  Over 55 mill animals are killed each year  Made illegal in 2000 in England and Wales  Animals raised on battery farms and then killed by electrocution while still conscious  2.7 mill tonnes of poo/wee= pollution  Incineration (airborne toxins)  Burial (toxic breakdown products)  Rendering (high energy consumption/ effluent production)

7 Ivory trade  From elephants  Killed for their tusks  UN made it illegal trade  Since then has allowed some to take place  Some African countries allow the law to be broken because of corruption and armed groups who use the ivory trade to fund war  From elephants  Killed for their tusks  UN made it illegal trade  Since then has allowed some to take place  Some African countries allow the law to be broken because of corruption and armed groups who use the ivory trade to fund war

8 Agree? Disagree? Don’t need it Cruel Endanger species Encourages poachers Fashionable Looks nice Only fro dead elephants Dominion Don’t need it Cruel Endanger species Encourages poachers Fashionable Looks nice Only fro dead elephants Dominion

9 Vegetarianism Vegan  Someone who will not eat any form of animal products  not buy any animal products  E.g. fur Vegetarian  A diet that involves no meat/fish Allowed animal products e.g. goat milk  Muslims and Jews eat ritually slaughtered animals (halal/kosher)  Idea that God gave humans dominion Vegan  Someone who will not eat any form of animal products  not buy any animal products  E.g. fur Vegetarian  A diet that involves no meat/fish Allowed animal products e.g. goat milk  Muslims and Jews eat ritually slaughtered animals (halal/kosher)  Idea that God gave humans dominion

10 Why?  To stop the Violence  Religion  Financial reasons  Health reasons  e.g. E Coli  Don’t like the taste  Upbringing  To stop the Violence  Religion  Financial reasons  Health reasons  e.g. E Coli  Don’t like the taste  Upbringing

11 Eat meat? Threaten species Result of poaching- illegal Made by God- special Threaten species Result of poaching- illegal Made by God- special Tastes nice Natural God design Affect on economy If we didn’t eat them; certain breeds might go extinct Why would farmers see the need to breed animals ‘survival of the fittest’ Without meat, we lack protein Health issues‘ Dominion Tastes nice Natural God design Affect on economy If we didn’t eat them; certain breeds might go extinct Why would farmers see the need to breed animals ‘survival of the fittest’ Without meat, we lack protein Health issues‘ Dominion

12 farms Free range  Method of raising animals so that they can roam freely  Can go outside  A free range dairy cow will stay with her calf, developing a strong bond while it feeds for 6- 8 months  Natural  More expensive Factory farming  Method of raising animals intensively  Use antibiotics and pesticides to prevent disease because of the crowded conditions  Kept indoors  May be given growth hormones  More efficient so costs less to consumer  Chemicals may build up in food chain and impact human health Free range  Method of raising animals so that they can roam freely  Can go outside  A free range dairy cow will stay with her calf, developing a strong bond while it feeds for 6- 8 months  Natural  More expensive Factory farming  Method of raising animals intensively  Use antibiotics and pesticides to prevent disease because of the crowded conditions  Kept indoors  May be given growth hormones  More efficient so costs less to consumer  Chemicals may build up in food chain and impact human health

13 Slaughter of animals  In Britain, animals are stunned then slaughtered. The aim is to let the animal bleed out so the meat is good  Islam and Judaism (halal and shechitah) involves cutting the animal’s neck with a sharp knife  In transport some die due to the cramped conditions  The RSPCA campaign for animals to be slaughtered as close to where they were raised  In Britain, animals are stunned then slaughtered. The aim is to let the animal bleed out so the meat is good  Islam and Judaism (halal and shechitah) involves cutting the animal’s neck with a sharp knife  In transport some die due to the cramped conditions  The RSPCA campaign for animals to be slaughtered as close to where they were raised

14 Vivisection  Further medical knowledge  At end of experimentation live animals killed  Since 1986 laws have been in place to control experimentation  Animals specially bred  85% of animals tested= rodents  Over last 18 years, numbers have gone down by 2.5 mill  Further medical knowledge  At end of experimentation live animals killed  Since 1986 laws have been in place to control experimentation  Animals specially bred  85% of animals tested= rodents  Over last 18 years, numbers have gone down by 2.5 mill

15 Agree? Disagree? Expensive Wrong results- cats can’t drink lemon juice Ruining God’s work Can use tissue culture Cruel Saves lives Mainly rodents Greater good Expensive Wrong results- cats can’t drink lemon juice Ruining God’s work Can use tissue culture Cruel Saves lives Mainly rodents Greater good

16 Peter Singer  Extend equality to animals  Against speciesm  Against Discrimination of animals  “All Animals are Equal” (1989)  Extend equality to animals  Against speciesm  Against Discrimination of animals  “All Animals are Equal” (1989)

17 Extinct species All species have a role in ecosystem Could be helpful to medicine Our children won’t see them Not our problem Stewardship Dominion All species have a role in ecosystem Could be helpful to medicine Our children won’t see them Not our problem Stewardship Dominion

18 Religious attitudes  God gave humans dominion  God wants us to be stewards  God expects in back in good condition on Judgement Day  Christians believe they will be called to account for their actions on Judgement Day- whether they supported animals or made them suffer  God’s creation  “Righteous men should care for his animal.” Book of proverbs  “Scientists must abandon laboratories and factories of death.” Pope John Paul II  God gave humans dominion  God wants us to be stewards  God expects in back in good condition on Judgement Day  Christians believe they will be called to account for their actions on Judgement Day- whether they supported animals or made them suffer  God’s creation  “Righteous men should care for his animal.” Book of proverbs  “Scientists must abandon laboratories and factories of death.” Pope John Paul II

19 Religious attitudes  Ahimsa (Non- violence)  Part of cycle of rebirth so have future as humans- important to have respect for them  Only harm animals if by not harming it will suffer more  Buddha gave up life to help animals  “All living things fear being put to death. Putting oneself in the place of another, let no one kill nor cause another to kill.” Dhammapada  Ahimsa (Non- violence)  Part of cycle of rebirth so have future as humans- important to have respect for them  Only harm animals if by not harming it will suffer more  Buddha gave up life to help animals  “All living things fear being put to death. Putting oneself in the place of another, let no one kill nor cause another to kill.” Dhammapada


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