Listen as I read “Village Market.” Notice how I use punctuation as a signal for pauses and expressing phrasing. Be ready to answer questions after I finish. Who are the characters in the poem? How does the author describe the setting of the poem?
are you proud of your knew bike Are you proud of your new bike? we sold peachs and they sold beans We sold peaches, and they sold beans.
I wanted to buy everything, but I clutched my coins tightly in my pocket. The sentence is a compound sentence. Two simple sentences have been combined with a comma and the word but.
A simple sentence has one subject and one predicate. A compound sentence contains two simple sentences joined by a comma and a word such as and, but, or or.
Simple Sentence: Simple Sentence: The boy helped his mother. Simple Sentence: Simple Sentence: His mother bought him a bicycle. Compound Sentence: Compound Sentence: The boy helped his mother, and his mother bought him a bicycle.
The two parts of a compound sentence have ideas that make sense together. A comma goes after the first sentences before the word and, but, or or.
The family had a farm. simple sentence The boy planted beans, and his mom planted pumpkins. compound sentence The family ate bananas and spinach. simple sentence
The spinach tasted good, but the bananas tasted better. compound sentence The boy picked the crops, and his father sold them. compound sentence
A wheelbarrow carries crops but it is hard to push. A wheelbarrow carries crops, but it is hard to push. You can pick peas or you can gather sweet potatoes. You can pick peas, or you can gather sweet potatoes.
It rains in spring and the crops grow quickly. It rains in spring, and the crops grow quickly. Coffee grows on trees and pumpkins grow on vines. Coffee grows on trees, and pumpkins grow on vines.
Farming is hard work but the family enjoys it. Farming is hard work, but the family enjoys it.
Question of the Day What are some of the ways that writers help the reader learn about the character and the setting of their stories?
Vowel Diphthongs Word Structure Character and Setting Story Structure Realism and Fantasy Develop Vocabulary Fluency: Echo Reading Compound Sentences Vowel Sounds in out and toy Open-Air Markets
Question of the Day How are Saruni and the other characters in “My Rows and Piles of Coins” similar to or different from people you know?
Character and Setting Story Structure Word Structure Realism and Fantasy Develop Vocabulary Fluency: Appropriate Phrasing Compound Sentences Vowel Sounds in out and toy Geography/Cultures
Question of the Day How could working teach you about money?
Build Concept Vocabulary Character and Setting Word Structure Book Report Compound Sentences Vowel Sounds in out and toy Graphs Selling Food
A character is a person who takes part in the events of a story Writers tell some things about characters. You can also figure out about characters by their words and actions. The setting is when and where a story takes place. A writer may tell you the setting, or you may figure out the setting from details.
A simile is a comparison of two unlike things that are alike in some ways. A simile uses like or as (“her eyes shone like diamonds”) or a comparative adjective and than (“Jay was happier than the sunniest day”). Look for the clue words like, as, or than. A simile should not be taken literally; it is a figure of speech used to show a comparison.
You can use word structure to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words with prefixes or suffixes. List any unknown words you find as you read “My Rows and Piles of Coins.” Create a chart showing the unknown word and its definition based on the base word and its prefix or suffix. Then use a dictionary to confirm meanings.
Prefixes and suffixes such as dis-, -ly, and –ful change the meaning of the base word. With a partner use reference sources to make a list of words with prefixes and suffixes. Then create a chart showing the base word, its prefix or suffix, and the meaning of the word.
Two vowels together can stand for the long sound of the first vowel, but there is another possibility. Sometimes two vowels together stand for a new sound. Each vowel contributes to the new sound. The vowel dipthongs oi and oy stand for /oi/. The vowel dipthongs ou and ow often stand for /ou/.
join Which letters in join are vowels? What vowel sound o you hear in join? round Which letters in round are vowels? What vowel sound do you hear in round?
boy Which letters in boy are vowels? What vowel sound do you hear in boy? cow Which letters in cow are vowels? What vowel sound do you hear in cow?
royal rebound aloud tower avoid Detroit frowning destroy Our neighbors have been playing noisy music for an hour. Do you want to hang around at my house? How loyal are you to your friends?
We studied the long vowel digraphs ee, ea, ai, ay, oa, and ow. Read the sentence to yourself. Raise your hand when you know which words have long vowel digraphs.
The birds don’t seem to be afraid of the scarecrow. seem, afraid, scarecrow Which digraph spells long e? ee Which digraph spells long a? ai Which digraph spells long o? ow
Draw a neat map that shows rural roads and busy highways. neat, shows, roads, highways Which digraph spells long e? ea Which digraphs spells long o? ow, oa Which digraph spells long a? ay
neatness bungalow anyway restrain subway railroad outgrow freedom betray degree peachy below If you don’t brush your teeth, they will decay. Emma’s birthday is on Sunday. My goal is to read a book a week. I know my dog will wag her tail when I come home.
What kind of information might you find in a graph? Describe different kinds of graphs you have seen.
A pictograph uses pictures to show amounts. The titles and labels tell what the information is about. The key tells what each pictures stands for. A picture might stand for 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, or even 100 objects.
A circle graph (also called a pie graph) is shaped like a circle. The entire circle stands for a whole. Each section circle graph is part of the whole. If a section is large, it stands for a large part of the whole. A small section stands for a small part of the whole. The sections are labeled with words and numbers. The numbers show what part of the whole each section is.