Presentation on theme: "Unit 1 College. Objectives Successful implementation of field work. Developing competence in arranging data in time order and clarifying relationships."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 1 College
Objectives Successful implementation of field work. Developing competence in arranging data in time order and clarifying relationships. Building the vocabulary related to the theme. Reading theme-related texts. Revision of present tense and past tense Listening to theme-related dialogues for specific information Creative writing of business cards
Field work Do the interview and organize a report.(3~5 m) Interview & Report: 1) Ask 5 sophomores or juniors at least 6 questions about their experiences in college questions 2) Summarize their experiences 3) State what you should learn and what you shouldn ’ t learn from their experiences Prepare a PPT including 6 questions You: Journalist (reporter)
Interview questions: What do you think of the campus? How do you like your roommates? How do you spend your spare time?
Picture 5 American football, sports field competitive helmet, shoulder pads, wristlet, shin-guard
1. In the picture, you can see … 2. There is/are … in … In this picture, you can see a professor teaching in class. There is a professor and some students in this picture. There some students and a professor in this picture Sentence patterns are there be 结构的动词 be 单复数形式要根据 就近一致原则来变换 be 的单复数形式
Making friends Make friends with your classmates. You are required to ask some questions to get to know your new friends and report to the class. 1)Where are you from? 2)What do you like to do in your spare time?/What ’ s your hobby? 3)What ’ s your major? 4) Why do you come to college? 5)How do you like your college life? 6)What are the problems of living on campus? 7)What do you want to get from attending college?
Part Ⅱ Reading Reading A College Life
New words 1. adjustment n. 调节, 调整 动词 +-ment 名词后缀 = 名词 development, improvement, movement agreement, judgement, assignment adjust v. 调节, 调整 adjustable adj. 可调节的, 可调整的 eg. 1)I ’ ve made a few to the plan. 2)It is difficult for her to to college life. 3) We have chairs to meet your demand.
New words 2. assignment n. 任务, 作业 assign v. 布置 ( 任务 ) 今天龙老师给我们布置了作业. Miss Long has assigned us homework today. 我们必须完成龙老师布置的作业. We must finish Miss Long ’ s assignment. 3. buddy = pal ， man, guy (slang 俚语 ) 好朋友, 同志, 伙伴, 搭档 Hey, buddy.
New words 4. campus 大学校园 I live on campus. 我住在学校. There are 9 departments in the school/at school. 5. confidence n. 信心, 把握 have/lose ~ in sb 对某人抱有 / 失去信心 I have little confidence in him. confident adj. 有信心的 eg. He is of success. She answered the questions with. confidently 形容词 + -ly 构成 副词
New words 6. fulfill v. 实行, 执行 eg. 1) He the plan last month. 2) The of the task can be realized at the end of next month. fulfillment n. 7. mystery n. 谜, 神秘的事物 mysterious adj. 神秘的, 不可思议的 eg. 1) 他神秘地失踪了. 2) 谁能够解开生命的奥秘 ? He disappeared mysteriously. Who can work out the mystery of life?
New words 8. roommate n. 名词 + mate 名词 = 合成名词 朋友, 伙计, 兄弟 classmate, dormmate, deskmate football, mailbox, newspaper 9. tough adj. : difficult, hard 困难的, 艰苦的 toughness n. tough 形容词 + -ness 名词后缀 = 名词 happiness sadness illness loneliness kindness eg. 这门课很难. This course is very tough. His scares many people.
Introduction to foreign colleges&universities Differences between college and university: In China, College --- not very big; the purpose is to teach job skills ( 大专 ); usually three-year ’ s study eg. Technical College 技术学院 Shunde Polytechnic University--- are generally bigger, offer more programs and do more research ( 大学 ), four-year ’ s study, provide graduate studies eg. Peking University, Tsinghua University In America, people often use “ college ” to mean “ 大学 ” In Britain, people often use “ university ” to mean “ 大学 ”
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 麻省理工学院
Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry 霍格沃兹魔法学校 Edinburgh
Study abroad AmericaBritainAustralia Certificate TOEFL GRE GMAT TOEFL IELTS TOEFL IELTS Fee ￥ 230,000 ￥ 200,000 ￥ 180,000 海龟 ( 归 ) 派 : those who return china after studying abroad 海带 ( 待 ) 派 : those who can ’ t find jobs in China after studying abroad Do you think it is good to study abroad?
Questions for Reading A What ’ s the main idea of the passage? skimming Task 4 on page 4 scanning
Para.1: (1st) There are things you ’ ve never dealt with before. Para.2: (1st) Living away from home tends to be … students. Para. 3: (1st) You may also feel homesick in your first weeks and months. Para.4: (1st) Some students turn to … problems. Para. 5: (1st) Try to identify … through. Para. 6: (1st) Who else … dorm room with you. Para. 7-8: (last) Try to respect your differences. Para. 9: (1st) It can help to find someone … you. Topic sentences
Main idea Main idea The passage introduces the problems the first-year students may meet and then works out ways to help freshmen with problems.
Structure of ‘ Going to College ’
Language points Para. 1 1) deal v. dealt dealt deal with sb./sth.= do with; handle;tackle Para. 2 2) 动名词兼有动词和名词的特征和作用 (get up) early is considered a good habit. 3) tend to do sth. 倾向于 / 易于做某事 If you annoy her, she tends to get very angry. She tends to get fat after a long holiday. 在冬天，天往往会黑得早一些。 It tends to get dark earlier during winter. Getting up early
Language points Para. 3 5) homesick 复合形容词 : 名词＋形容词 snow-white 雪白的， world-wide 全世界的 6) leave out sb./sth. 不理会；忽视 ; 遗漏 Remember not to leave out anyone when you write invitations. 在抄写这份文件时，注意不要漏掉任何字。 When copying this paper, be careful not to leave out any word. Para. 4 turn to; result in; interfere with; keep up with 7) turn to sb. / sth. 求助于 I can turn to Miss Long if I meet problems. 用作介词的 to + 名词 /v.ing stick to ; be accustomed/used to look forward to; pay attention to I look forward to your reply. receiving your reply.
Language points 8) interfere with sb./sth. 妨碍，冲突 eg. 请不要打扰他。 please don ’ t interfere with/disturb him. 不断的噪声干扰我的学习。 Constant noises interfere with my study. (9) keep up with sb./sth. 跟上 跟上时代 Keep up with times. 设法不要落在别人后面. Try to keep up with others.
Language points Para 5 (10) go through 经历 ; 浏览 Go through the passage quickly. He was going through a very difficult time. 那位演员在成名之前，经历了一段艰难困苦的时期。 That actor had gone through a period of hardships before he became famous. (11) The + 比较级（＋宾语）＋主谓, the + 比较级 （＋宾语）＋主谓 : 越 … 越 … The more you learn, the more you earn. The more work you do, the higher salary you can get. 你学得越努力就越能取得更大的进步。 The harder you study, the greater progress you will make.
Language points Para 7 (12) What if … 如果 … 将会怎么样？ i) 如果这是真的会怎样呢？ What if it is true? ii) 如果我们把会议推迟到下周举行，怎么样呢？ What if we put off the meeting until next week? Para 9 i) The train will have probably left by the time we get there. Chances are (great) that the train will have left by the time we get there. ii) You can ’ t possibly walk 20 miles in an hour. Chances are small that you can walk 20 miles in an hour.
Part Ⅲ Listening
Listening skills Go through questions and answers quickly to identify key points of listening tasks Focus on key points when listening Check answers at the second time of listening
Part Ⅳ Writing
Business card Providing personal information as well as information about their companies.
Name card etiquette 1)Wait to be introduced before presenting your card. 2)Present your card with the printed side up. In case bilingual cards, with the local-language side showing. 3)Give your card to the highest-ranking individual or leader of the visiting delegation first. 4)Use your both hands to present your card and receive your counterpart’s card. 5)Read it once more after receiving a card, as this is a sign of respect.
Hank I. Knowall T.S. Moving & Storage
Part Ⅳ Grammar
一般时态的一些特殊用法 1. 状语从句中，一般现在时表示将来。 由 when, if, after, before, although, as, as soon as, whether, because, even if, in case, though, until, unless, where, whatever, wherever, so long as 等引导的表示时间、条件、 比较等的状语从句中，用一般现在时代替一般将来时。 I will tell her when she comes tomorrow. You will succeed if you try your best. Whatever happens, you should keep calm. I shall go where you go. 下次上课前请预习课文. Please preview the text before you come to class next time.
一般时态的一些特殊用法 2. 瞬间性动词如 arrive, begin, come, start, depart, end, leave, go, stop, return, finish, open, close 等的一般现在时表示将来行为发 生的计划性和规定性。 The meeting begins at 2 in the afternoon and ends at 5. The plane takes off at eight and arrives in Beijing at 11. 图书馆晚上 10 点闭馆. The library closes at 10 at night. 3. 一般现在时可用于新闻标题、使用指南等说明文体。 I Have a Chance ( 小说的章标题 ) The stage is dark. It is two thirty in the morning. ( 舞台说明 ) 新教学楼落成. (News Headline) The New Teaching Building Is Built
一般时态的一些特殊用法 4. 一般现在时表示普遍真理、事实。 The earth moves round the sun. Water boils at 100 ℃. eg. I remember Miss Wang told us that the earth (move) round the sun. 广东省位于中国的南部. Guangdong province is located in the south of China. 5. 一般过去时用来表示某种感情色彩。 You asked for it! 你这是自找！（责备） Did you ever hear of such a thing? 你听见过这种事吗？（当然没有） 我早就告诉过你。（你就是不听） I told you so.
持续 性动 词 表示一个动作可以持续一段时间或更长时 间, 经常和 for 连用。常见的有 study, play, do, read, learn, drive, write, clean, sleep, speak, talk, wait, fly, stay, write, sit, stand, lie, keep 等。 1)He has studied English for three years. 2)His parents talked with the teacher for half an hour. 3)My mother has lain in bed for 3 days. 4)Has your brother been away from home for a long time?
Basic sentence patterns I Pattern 1 Subject 主语 + Link Verb 系动词 + Predicative 表语 系动词 :be 还有 become, look, seem, appear, get, feel, grow, turn, remain, come, fall, hold, keep, stand, stay, smell, sound, taste 表语 : 也可称为（主语）补足语，这一部分的主 要功能是对主语进行说明、补充。 My father is a professor. (Noun 名词 ) Janice was intelligent. (Adjective 形容词 ) They are at the school counseling center. (Prepositional Phrase 介词短语 ) 新生看起来很高兴. The freshmen look very happy.
Basic sentence patterns I Pattern 2 Subject 主语 + Verb 动词 谓语动词是不及物动词，没有直接宾 语；但常带有状语。 He left. They are talking loudly.( 状语 ) They have been waiting for hours. ( 状语 ) 成教授正在讲话. Prof. Cheng is speaking.