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BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Part Four ENTER.

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2 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Part Four ENTER

3 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word StudyWord Study II.Phrases and ExpressionsPhrases and Expressions III.Word BuildingWord Building IV.GrammarGrammar Language Study

4 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study Word list: 1.blushblush 2.botherbother 3.blockblock 4.commercialcommercial 5.concentrateconcentrate 6.chucklechuckle 7.dramaticsdramatics 8.digdig 9.earthearth 19. patpat 20. peckpeck 21. pleadplead 22. point- blankpoint- blank 23. promotepromote 24. stiffstiff 25. teartear 26. throughthrough 10. embarrassembarrass 11. exaggerateexaggerate 12. flushflush 13. goodgood 14. gringrin 15. groangroan 16. knee-highknee-high 17. mobmob 18. nonsensenonsense 27. tiptoetiptoe 28. touchytouchy 29. volunteervolunteer

5 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 1. blush v. to become pink in the face, usually from embarrassment Examples: I always blush when I speak in public. I blush to think of what a fool I made of myself last night. He blushed at the thought of what he’d done. To be continued on the next page.

6 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study n. blush Example: A blush of shame crept up his face.

7 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 2. bother (usually in negative) v. a. to make an effort to do something, or to take the trouble to do something b. to annoy, worry or cause problems for somebody Examples: He hasn’t even bothered to write. Don’t bother (about/with) doing the laundry. Why did nobody bother to tell me something was wrong? To be continued on the next page.

8 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study Examples: He walked out of the office without bothering to say goodbye. I’m sorry to bother you, but could you direct me to the station. She threatened to call the police if he didn’t stop bothering her. bothersome a. causing annoyance or trouble Example: a bothersome little man

9 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 3. block vt. to prevent movement through, prevent something from happening Examples: A fallen tree is blocking the road. All the roads out of the town were blocked off by the police. My view was blocked by a tall man in a hat standing in front of me. To be continued on the next page.

10 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study n. blockage a. blocked Examples: The roads are blocked (up). I’ve got a sore throat and a blocked nose.

11 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 4. commercial n. an advertisement which is broadcast on TV or radio Example: a commercial break commerce n. all the activities connected with business; trade Example: the world of commerce and industry To be continued on the next page.

12 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. commercial ad. commercially Examples: a commercial organization The commercial future of the company looks very promising. v. commercialize n. commercialization Example: It’s a pity Christmas has become so commercialized.

13 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study v. a. to direct (your mental power or your efforts) towards a particular activity b. to bring or come together in a large number or amount in one particular area Examples: Can you turn the music down, please? I can’t concentrate on my work. If you want to pass your exams, you will have to concentrate (your efforts) on your listening skills. 5. concentrate To be continued on the next page.

14 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study Examples: The company is concentrating on developing new products. Most of the country’s population is concentrated in the north. n. concentration Example: I find that yoga improves my powers of concentration. To be continued on the next page.

15 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. concentrated Example: The company is making a concentrated effort to broaden its market.

16 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 6. chuckle vi. to give a low or quiet laugh Example: She was chuckling as she read the letter. n. Example: He gave a chuckle in response to her question.

17 BTLEW 7. dramatics Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study drama n. a play Example: She studied English and drama at college. a. dramatic ad. dramatically v. dramatize n. dramatization n. dramatist/playwright To be continued on the next page.

18 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study drama n. an event or situation esp. an unexpected one, in which there is anxiety or excitement and usually a lot of action Example: We had a little drama last night when the oil in the pan caught fire. To be continued on the next page.

19 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. dramatic Example: There have been some fairly dramatic developments on the political scene recently. ad. dramatically a. dramatic Example: The new treatment could dramatically alter the life of people suffering from this disease.

20 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 8. dig v. a. to move and break up (earth) using a tool, a machine or your hands b. to search for or find after looking Examples: They are digging up the road outside in order to repair electricity cables. After a lot of searching, I’ve managed to dig out (find) those photographs you wanted. I’ve been doing some research on our family history and I’ve dug up (found) some interesting information. To be continued on the next page.

21 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study dig one’s own grave: to do sth. that causes you harm, sometimes seriously Example: You’re digging your own grave by eating so much fatly food. dig up: to break up soil by digging; to remove sth. from the ground by digging; to discover information, etc. to reveal sth.

22 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 9. earth come back/down/ back down to earth: to return to reality Examples: The realization of how little work I’d done for the exams brought me abruptly back down to earth. When his money ran out, he came down to earth (with a bang/bump). To be continued on the next page.

23 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study down-to–earth a. practical, direct Example: She’s a down-to-earth sort of woman with no pretensions.

24 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 10. embarrass vt. (usually passive) to cause (somebody) to feel anxious or uncomfortable Example: He embarrassed everyone by saying the picture was dreadful. a. embarrassing ad. embarrassingly Example: It’s embarrassing to be caught telling a lie. To be continued on the next page.

25 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study n. embarrassment Examples: She blushed with embarrassment. My parents are an embarrassment to me. a. embarrassed Example: embarrassed about/at something

26 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 11. exaggerate v. to make something seem larger, more important, better or worse than it really is Examples: The threat of attack has been greatly exaggerated. A spokeswoman said that the pollution caused by the factory had been wildly exaggerated by environmentalists. To be continued on the next page.

27 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study ad. exaggeratedly n. exaggeration Example: It’s not an exaggeration to say that her work has saved lives.

28 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 12. flush v. (of a person) to become red in the face, esp. as a result of strong emotions, neat or alcohol Examples: She flushed with pleasure as she accepted the prize. The champagne had caused his face to flush and his eyes were bright. She flushed red with embarrassment at the suggestion. To be continued on the next page.

29 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study n. (C usually single ) Example: The thought of Richard with another woman brought a flush of anger to her cheeks. a. flushed Examples: You look flushed—are you hot? flushed with anger

30 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 13. good a. (before noun; not gradable) large in amount Examples: We walked a good distance today. You are looking a good deal (much) better now. a. more than Example: The police said a good 20 kilos of explosive were found during the raid.

31 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 14. grin n. (C) a wide smile Example: He gave a broad grin when he saw her. v. Example: Janice grinned broadly/mischievously at him. To be continued on the next page.

32 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study to grin and bear it: to accept something, without complaining Example: I don’t want to stay there for a week on my own, but I suppose I’ll have to grin and bear it.

33 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 15. groan v. to make a deep sound showing great pain or unhappiness; to complain Example: What are you moaning and groaning about? n. (C) Example: Susan looked at the untidy room and gave a groan of dismay.

34 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. tall enough to reach one’s knees Examples: knee-high grass/boots My dad has been taking me to hear jazz ever since I was knee-high. knee-high to a grasshopper: very small or young knee-length: long enough to reach the knee Examples: knee-length socks The skirt should be knee-length. 16. knee-high

35 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 17. mob n. a large group of people involved in similar activities, which are often violent or lacking in order Examples: The usual mob was/were hanging out at the bar. The angry mob outside the jail was/were ready to riot. To be continued on the next page.

36 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study v. to gather around (somebody) in a crowd to express admiration, interests or anger Example: They were mobbed by fans when they arrived at the theater.

37 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 18. nonsense n. ideas, opinions, statements, etc. that are not true or that seem very stupid Examples: Those accusations are absolute / complete / mere / utter nonsense. It’s nonsense to say that he’s too old for the job. a. nonsensical Example: It’s nonsensical to blame all the world’s troubles on one man.

38 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 19. pat v. to touch (sb. or sth.) gently and usu. repeatedly with the hand flat Examples: He patted my head / patted me on the head affectionately. My teacher patted me on the back for getting top marks in my English essay. To be continued on the next page.

39 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study n. (C) Examples: I gave the little boy a pat on the head. Mark got a pat on the back from the boss for his excellent work. (i.e. He was praised by the boss.)

40 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 20. peck v. a. (of a bird) to bite, hit or pick up (sth. small) with the beak b. to give someone a quick kiss, esp. on the side of the face Examples: The parrot pecked my fingers through the bars of the cage; it really hurt. The children just pecked at their food, eating hardly anything. (i.e. only ate small quantities) To be continued on the next page.

41 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study Example: He pecked his aunt on the cheek. n. peck Examples: The hen moved the chicks along with pecks and flaps of her wings. She gave him a light peck of farewell.

42 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 21. plead v. a. to make an argument, emotional statement or request for something b. to make a statement of what you believe to be true Examples: He was on his knees, pleading for mercy with kidnappers. A middle-aged woman had climbed on the tank to plead with the soldiers not to shoot. The defendant pleaded guilty/innocent to robbery with violence. To be continued on the next page.

43 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. pleading ad. pleadingly Example: a pleading tone plea n. (C) an urgent and emotional request Examples: He made a plea for help/mercy. The Archbishop today made an emotional plea for peace.

44 BTLEW Lesson 8 – My Personal Manager I.Word Study 22. point-blank ad. (of a gun being fired) from a very close position Example: Two bullets had been fired nearly point-blank into the window of the car. To be continued on the next page.

45 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study ad. say something very clear in very few words, without trying to be polite or pleasant Examples: He asked me to work on the weekend, but I refused point-blank. She asked me point-blank whether I would help her.

46 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 23. promote vt. to encourage the popularity, sale, development or existence of (something) Examples: Advertising companies are always having to think up new ways to promote products. It has long been known that regular exercise promotes all-round good health. n. promoter To be continued on the next page.

47 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study n. promotion Examples: There was a promotion in the supermarket and they were giving away free glasses of wine. Obviously as sales manager he’ll be very involved in the promotion and marketing of the product. a. promotional To be continued on the next page.

48 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study promote vt. to raise somebody to a higher or more important rank or position Example: If I am not promoted within the next 2 years I’m going to change jobs. n. promotion To be continued on the next page.

49 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study Example: The job offers excellent promotion prospects. demote vt. to lower in rank or position Example: The captain was demoted to sergeant for failing to fulfill his duties.

50 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 24. stiff a. severe, difficult to deal with Example: The athletes was given a stiff punishment for using drugs. v. stiffen ad. stiffly n. stiffness To be continued on the next page.

51 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. firm or hard Examples: a stiff collar If you are stiff or part of your body is stiff, your muscles hurt when they are moved. We went for a long walk yesterday and I’m rather stiff today. Sitting still at a computer terminal all day can give you a stiff neck.

52 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 25. tear v. (tore, torn) (infml.) to move hurriedly; to rush (usually with ad./prep.) Examples: He went tearing along the road after the bus. They tore out of town on their motorbikes.

53 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 26. through a./ ad. finished or completed Examples: Are you through with that atlas? I’ve got some work to do but I should be through in an hour if you can wait. I’ll never get through this report by Friday.

54 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 27. tiptoe on tiptoe(s): if you stand or walk on tiptoe, you stand or walk on your toes, in order to make yourself taller or in order to walk very quietly Examples: The children stood on tiptoe in order to pick the apples from the tree. They walked on tiptoe across the hot sand. To be continued on the next page.

55 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study tiptoe v. to walk quietly and carefully on tiptoe Example: He waited until his daughter was asleep, then tiptoed quietly out of the room.

56 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 28. touchy a. easily offended or upset Examples: She’s very touchy about the fact that her husband has been married before. This is a touchy subject/issue/point, so we’d better avoid it. ad. touchily n. touchiness To be continued on the next page.

57 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. touched, touching Examples: He was touched that you remembered his birthday. The way she looked after her little sister was really touching. The TV report about the children’s work for charity touched us. ad. touchingly

58 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study 29. volunteer n. (C) a person who does sth., esp. helps other people willingly without being forced or paid to do it Example: Since it would be a highly dangerous mission, the captain asked for volunteers. To be continued on the next page.

59 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study volunteer v. to offer to do or give sth. without being forced Examples: During the emergency many staff volunteered to work through the weekend. He volunteered for the army. To be continued on the next page.

60 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager I.Word Study a. voluntary: done, made or given willingly Examples: It’s a charitable organization, depending for its income upon voluntary contributions from the public. She does voluntary work for the Red Cross two days a week. The end of Word Study.

61 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager List: 1.a laughing stocka laughing stock 2.blow outblow out 3.brush by/pastbrush by/past 4.go through withgo through with 5.how comehow come 6.let looselet loose 7. make the best ofmake the best of 8. run intorun into 9. the last strawthe last straw 10. tower overtower over II.Phrases and Expressions

62 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager someone or something which seems stupid or ridiculous esp. by trying to be serious or important and not succeeding. Examples: Another performance like that will be the laughing stock of the league. Stop fooling around you’re making a laughing stock of yourself. make a laughing stock of oneself 1. a laughing stock II.Phrases and Expressions

63 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager (of a flame, etc.) to be put out by the wind, etc. Examples: After the dinner party had ended she blew out the candles. The sudden breeze made the candles blow out. The storm raged all night but by morning it had blown over/blown itself out. (stopped) 2. blow out II.Phrases and Expressions

64 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager to walk quickly past them, usu. because you don’t want to speak to them Examples: Ignoring their protests, Newnan brushed past waiting journalists. She brushed straight by, without even looking at me. 3. brush by/past II.Phrases and Expressions

65 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager to do (sth. unpleasant or difficult that has already been agreed or promised) Examples: He’d threatened to divorce her but I never thought he’d go through with it. When the auctioneer’s hammer falls, the buyer is legally obliged to go through with the deal. She decided not to go through with the operation. He’s determined to go through with the marriage despite his parents’ opposition. 4. go through with II.Phrases and Expressions

66 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager II.Phrases and Expressions 5. how come/so? This phrase is used to express surprise. Examples: So how come you got an invitation and not me? — I don’t think I’ll be able to go swimming tomorrow. — How come/so?

67 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager If you let loose sth. such as bullets or bombs, you release a lot of them altogether. Example: He let loose a shriek of delight. 6. let loose II.Phrases and Expressions

68 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager to make an unsatisfactory situation as pleasant as possible (BrE: make the best of a bad job/situation) Example: We’ll have to spend the night in this awful place, so we might as well make the best of it. make the most of sth.: to take full advantage of sth., as long as it continues Example: It’s a lovely day; we must make the most of it. 7. make the best of II.Phrases and Expressions

69 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager to accidentally drive (a vehicle) into sth. Examples: I had to stop suddenly, and the car behind ran into me. He ran his motorbike into a tree. If you run yourself into the ground, you make yourself very tired by working too hard. 8. run into (sth.) “run” phrases II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page.

70 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager run into (sb./sth.): to meet sb./sth. by chance Examples: Graham ran into someone he knew at school the other day. We’ve run into bad weather/debt /trouble/ difficulties. II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page. “run” phrases

71 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager to have (an amount, esp. a cost) as a total Example: The repairs will probably run into thousands of pounds. run after: to chase Example: She has spent her life running after fame and fortune. run into II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page. “run” phrases

72 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager run away: to leave a place or person secretly Examples: Malcolm and my sister are planning to run away together to get married. She accused him of running away from his responsibilities. II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page. “run” phrases

73 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager run off: to leave suddenly; to print (copies) of sth. Examples: Amy's husband had run off and left her with two children to bring up. Could you run me off five copies of this? run off with: to steal Example: He ran off with $100,000 of the company’s money. II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page. “run” phrases

74 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager run out: to finish or be finished; to be used completely Examples: I’ve run out of milk/patience. Time is running out for the men trapped in the car. run through: to practise, to rehearse Example: The director wants us to run through the 1st act this morning. II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page. “run” phrases

75 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager run up against: to meet (unexpected difficulty) 最终无法忍受的事,终于导致垮台的因素 Example: The community scheme has run up against strong local opposition. II.Phrases and Expressions “run” phrases

76 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager a problem which can be dealt with on its own, but which makes a situation very difficult when it’s added to existing problems Examples: Losing my job was bad enough, but being evicted from my house was the straw that broke the camel’s back. She’s always been rude to me, but it was the last straw when she started insulting my mother. 9. the last straw/the final straw/the straw that breaks the camel’s back II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page.

77 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager throw straws against the wind: 螳臂挡车 draw straw/a straw: 抽签 a straw man/a man of straw: someone, often an imaginary person, who is used to hide an illegal or secret activity 用作做掩护的人,被用作挡箭 牌的人 Example: The fraud depended on hundreds of bank accounts being opened on behalf of straw men. II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page.

78 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager straws/a straw in the wind: sth. that suggests what might happen 迹象,预兆,苗头 Example: There were a few straws in the wind yesterday which indicated that an air attack was imminent. II.Phrases and Expressions To be continued on the next page.

79 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager snatch/clutch/grasp at straws: to try all possible means to escape from a difficult situation, even though there seems to be little hope of doing so 捞救命稻草,作最后挣扎 A straw shows which way the wind blows. 草动见风吹。 II.Phrases and Expressions

80 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager to be much higher or taller than people or things close by Examples: Although he’s 12, Tom towers over/above his mother. One computer manufacturer towers above all the rest. 10. tower above/over II.Phrases and Expressions The end of Phrases and Expressions.

81 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager III.Word Building List: 1. root – sensroot – sens 2. prefix – nonprefix – non 3. prefix – underprefix – under 4. suffix – tionsuffix – tion

82 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager III.Word Building nonsense (11) prefix root -sens-: from Latin, meaning “feel, sense” consensus extrasensory insensible insensitive sensation sensational sense senseless sensitive sensor sensory 一致同意 超感官的 无知觉的 对 ······ 没有感觉的 感情 使人感动的 感觉 无感觉的 敏感的 传感器 感觉的,感官的 To be continued on the next page.

83 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager -sent- root, from Latin, meaning “feel”. It is related to the root “-sens-”. assent dissent consent presentiment resent resentful scent sentence sentient sentiment 赞成,同意 不同意 同意,赞成,答应 预感,预觉 愤恨,怨恨 愤恨的,怨恨的 气味 句子 有感情的 情感,情绪 III.Word Building

84 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager III.Word Building nonsense (11) prefix root non-: from Latin, meaning “not” 1.used before adjectives and adverbs and means a simple negative or absence of something nonviolent, nonliving, nonexistent, nonverbal 2. used before a noun of action and means the failure of such action nonpayment, nonviolence, nonexistence 3. used before a noun to suggest that the thing mentioned is not true, real, or worthy of the name nonsense, non-event, non-resident, nonmember

85 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager under- is from old English undersized (7) prefix III.Word Building 1.meaning “a place or situation below or beneath” underbrush, undertow, undershirt, undersea 2.meaning “lower in grade, rank or dignity” undergraduate, understudy 3.before adjectives to mean “of lesser degree extent, or amount” undersized, underage, underplay 4.“not showing enough, too little” underfed, undercharge, underdeveloped

86 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager used after verbs to form nouns that refer to actions or states of the verb Examples: abbreviation action promotion relation suffix -tion III.Word Building other noun suffixes: -al, -ity, -ment The end of Word Building.

87 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager IV.Grammar Subjunctive mood It is funny you should say that. (1) “should” here used to show an opinion or feeling Subjunctive mood can be used in some clauses to express the subject’s emotions such as surprise, relief, disappointment or doubt. To be continued on the next page.

88 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Subjunctive mood 1.Used in subject clauses. The predicate is in the form of “should do” or “should have done”, and the sentence pattern is “It is/was +adjectives”. Examples: It is strange that he should feel so angry. It was extraordinary to me that you should have seen this. IV.Grammar To be continued on the next page.

89 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Subjunctive mood These adjectives include: amazing, annoying, curious, dreadful, incredible, odd, peculiar, queer, regrettable, remarkable, disappointing, embarrassing, pleasing, strange, surprising, etc. and nouns are words like “pity”, “a shame”, etc. 2. Used in object clauses. The predicate is normally in the form of “should do” or “should have done”. IV.Grammar To be continued on the next page.

90 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Subjunctive mood Examples: I regret that she should be so stubborn. We never expected that he should have forgotten that. The most frequently used verbs in the main clause include: marvel, puzzle, regret, rejoice, wonder. When the verbs “believe”, “expect”, “think”, etc. are used in negative or interrogative form, then the predicate in the object clauses is in the form of “should+do”. IV.Grammar To be continued on the next page.

91 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Subjunctive mood 3. Used in complement clauses of adjectives. The predicate in subordinate clauses is in the form of “should be” or “should have done”. Examples: I am amazed that he should get the post. I am so vexed that such a thing should have been discussed before that child. I am ashamed that you should have done such a thing. IV.Grammar To be continued on the next page.

92 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager The most frequently used adjectives are amazed, disappointed, pleased, sorry, surprised, etc. Subjunctive mood IV.Grammar To be continued on the next page.

93 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager The first time I saw Carlos I would never have believed he was going to change my life. (2) Adverbial clause of time introduced by noun phrases IV.Grammar In this complex sentence the noun phrase “the first time” is used to introduced adverbial clause of time. To be continued on the next page.

94 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Anyway, every time I blew out my birthday candles and made a wish, it was for a date with Reed Harrington. (3) Here “every time” is used to introduce adverbial clause of time, meaning “whenever”. Adverbial clause of time introduced by noun phrases IV.Grammar To be continued on the next page.

95 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Other noun phrases which can be used to introduced adverbial clause of time are the minute/moment/day, each/ever/next time, the first/second/last time, etc. Examples: Next time you come here, you must let me know. Adverbial clause of time introduced by noun phrases IV.Grammar To be continued on the next page.

96 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Examples: The minute he saw the painting he fell in love with it. The day he returned home, his father was already died. Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble. Adverbial clause of time introduced by noun phrases IV.Grammar The end of Grammar.

97 BTLEW Lesson 8 - My Personal Manager Part Four This is the end of Part Four. Please click HOME to visit other parts. HOME


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