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Community Policing Mr Sarmad Saeed Khan Additional IG Training Punjab Police.

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Presentation on theme: "Community Policing Mr Sarmad Saeed Khan Additional IG Training Punjab Police."— Presentation transcript:

1 Community Policing Mr Sarmad Saeed Khan Additional IG Training Punjab Police


3 3 PART I Conceptual basis of community policing PART II Experience in Pakistan PART III Comparison of community policing models PART IV Role of women in community policing PART V Impediments in implementation PART VI Group activity SEQUENCE OF PRESENTATION


5 “Community policing is a philosophy and an organizational strategy that promotes a new partnership between people and their police. It is based on the premise that both the police and the community must work together as equal partners to identify, prioritize, and solve contemporary problems such as crime, drugs, fear of crime, social and physical disorder, and overall neighborhood decay, with the goal of improving the overall quality of life in the area.” Trojanowicz 5

6  No government funds are required  Enhances immunity against crime and disorder  Assists traditional policing  Bridges the gap of trust  Encourages social interactions  Police and public share credit and discredit  Police officer feels safe in his area of responsibility  Reliable and workable information is available  Inculcates sense of responsibility in the public  Police and the public are accountable to each other  Promotes democratic values in the society 6

7 “Once the community is convinced that the new system will help them in achieving better quality of life, they will not hesitate to offer their active cooperation.” HAZRAT ALI 7

8 “Community policing does not work for every community. Participation appears much more likely in homogeneous, low-crime, middle-class neighborhoods.” REF: John Ellison “Community Policing Implementation Issues” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, The 26 Sep, 2011 (John Ellison) 8 ENVIRONMENT FOR COMMUNITY POLICING

9 LIMITATIONS OF TRADITIONAL POLICING LIMITATIONS OF TRADITIONAL POLICING Customs and values disconnect Efficiency measured by statistics Centralization dampens initiative Experts make blanket policies The US and THEM environment Creates a ‘force’ and not a ‘service’ It is resource hungry The warrior image 9

10  Community policing is a philosophy  Police + Public + Government  Changing mindsets of public and police  Social work + law enforcement  Reverting back to good old traditions  Returning the responsibility back COMMUNITY POLICING 10

11 “…the public order depends essentially upon the responsibility of every member of the community within the law to prevent offences and to arrest offenders. The magisterial and police organization is set up to enforce, control and assist this general responsibility.” Police Rules XX1.1 RESPONSIBILITY OF THE PUBLIC 11


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14 CRITERIA FOR MEMBERS OF A CPC  Non-political  Non-controversial personality  No criminal record  Having impeccable reputation  From all groups of the community  Able to devote time 14

15 15  Office located in a private building  Ten to thirty members  Coordinator and Deputy Coordinator  Proceedings of all meetings are documented  Standard registers are maintained  Union Council, Tehsil and District Committees  Police officers attached at UC and Tehsil level  Meetings are convened by the Coordinators WORKING OF COMMUNITY POLICE COMMITTEES

16 16 MANDATE OF COMMITTEES 1.Identification and analysis of problems 2.Advising the police on issues 3.Dispute resolution if both the parties agree 4.Arranging neighborhood watch and security 5.Only moral pressure shall be used 6.Seek help of the local police if use of force required 7.Laying information about vice dens and offenders 8.Arranging awareness seminars and walks 9.Advising the citizens on issues 10.Helping police during occasions like muharram

17 DIFFERENT COMMITTEES 1.Core Committee 2.Tehsil Committee, 3.Scrutiny Committee, 4.Traffic Control Committee 5.Anti Narcotic Committee, 6.Students’ Committee, 7.Traders’ Committee 17

18 NUMBER OF COMMITTEES Till JAN.2003 TEHSIL COMMITTEES Rahimyar Khan34 Sadiqabad87 Khanpur128 Liaqatpur21 TOTAL270 18

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20 SPECIAL POLICE OFFICERS till January 2003 SPECIAL POLICE OFFICERS till January 2003 TEHSIL NUMBER Rahimyar Khan69 Sadiqabad402 Khanpur64 Liaqatpur44 Total579 20

21  Seminars and walks  Seminars for the police  Human Rights training  Visits of educational institutions  Inter-religious task force  School for special children  Information boards on bus-stands  Cable TV COMMUNITY POLICING PROGRAMS 21

22 COMMUNITY POLICING PROGRAMS  Drug Addicts Rehabilitation Center  Police Public School  Character Building Schooling  Free medical camps Center  Disposal of unidentified dead bodies  Citizen Police Liaison Committee  Crisis Management Group  Community Policing Website


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25 "It is not a project aimed at bettering the image of the Police. It is also not a project wherein police duties are performed by the citizens. Rather it is a project to professionally strengthen Police and increase its accessibility to the needy public through close interaction with and better understanding of the public. “ 25 OBJECTIVES

26 Members of Janamaithri Suraksha Samithi should be able to spare time, should not involve in any criminal case. He does not have any statutory powers. Political party members are not included. CRITERIA FOR MEMBERSHIP 26

27 The meeting is convened by the Circle Inspector and SHO is the Secretary Samithi. The meetings shall be attended by the Sub Divisional Police Officer once in every month and by the Superintendent of Police at least once a year. -policing-project-of.html accessed on MEETING OF A SAMITHI 27


29 IMPEDIMENTS TO COMMUNITY POLICING IN NIGERIA  Internal resistance from police officers who benefited from the traditional policing and who prefer to maintain status quo;  Lack of commitment to the project by implementing officers;  Lack of support from members of the public;  Inadequate support from the government;  Poor welfare packages/incentives for policemen;  Conflict between informal ethnic militia and police REFERENCE: Dickson, A.Y. (2007) “Community Policing” in Arase, S.E. and Iwuofor (eds.), Policing Nigeria in the 21st Century, Ibadan, Spectrum Books.


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32 “The traits of ruthlessness and violence which are desired in a Marine are counterproductive to the mission of a police officer.” Operational Culture for Warfighter: Principles and Applications, by Salmoni and Holmes-Eber MISSION OF A POLICE OFFICER 32

33 33  Social Contract Theory  Socially evolved value system  Society made laws and rules  Crime is a social deviation  Social disorganization v/s crime  Police as Social Scientists  Police as Social Workers and Reformers  Police protect haqooq-ul-abad POLICING IS WORSHIPPING

34 During the period of Hazrat Ali, the ‘shurta’ were responsible for the following jobs, as well:  suppression of beggary,  control over quackery,  removal of encroachments,  checking and stopping porters and boatmen from carrying heavy loads. POLICE AS SOCIAL WORKERS Justice Ali Nawaz Chauhan All Pakistan Legal Decisions 2005

35 In France, during the regime of Louis-XV police performed the following jobs, as well:  Construction of welfare projects,  Police established stock exchange of Paris  For providing employment the jobless,  Food supplies,  Inspection of drains,  Cleaning of streets, etc., POLICE AS SOCIAL WORKERS Justice Ali Nawaz Chauhan All Pakistan Legal Decisions 2005

36 “that the warrior image has had a devastating impact on recruiting the right kind of officer. As long as the warrior image remains, policing will draw the wrong kind of applicant, reward the wrong kind of behavior, and fail to provide the kind of services that communities increasingly demand.“ Kimberly A.Lonsway Ph.D Dismantling the Warrior Image: The Role of Women in Community Policing. THE WARRIOR IMAGE 36

37 1.Emotional self-awareness, 2. Independence, 3.Interpersonal relationships, 4. Empathy, 5. Stress tolerance, 6.Impulse control, 7.Flexibility,[and] 8. Problem solving Operational Culture for Warfighter: Principles and Applications, Salmoni and Holmes-Eber TRAITS OF A POLICE OFFICER 37

38 38  Above board moral, intellectual and financial integrity  Use of thinking and imagination in problems solving  Ability to act independently and take initiatives  Sensitive to socio-cultural values of community  Intelligence led and knowledge based policing  Sincerity of purpose and commitment  Affable, extrovert, tolerant, empathetic, clairvoyant  Very good in communication skills REQUIRED TRAITS OF COMMUNITY POLICE OFFICER

39  More serious in duty: do not waste their time  Less corrupt financially, morally and intellectually  Interact better with female victims of violence  Can have easy ingress to households  Present softer side of the police  Empathetic and sensitive to human relationship  Very good in communication and problems solving TRAITS OF A FEMALE POLICE OFFICER 39


41 PERCEPTION OF A POLICE OFFICER  Perceive it dilution of their powers  Think controlling crime is exclusively a police job  Public will exploit closeness with police  District police officers are too busy to find time  Fancy policing is not going to work  Why to annoy political elite 41

42  Police is not a social service  Serving the people is exclusively their domain  It will distance the public from the politicians  It is their right to be members of such initiatives  The political opponents have no role PERCEPTION OF POLITICIANS 42

43  Maintenance of public order is exclusively police job  Normally police touts join such initiatives  Why to earn enmity with anti-social elements  Police are not serious in serving the community  “What’s in it for me” approach  We do not have free time PERCEPTION OF THE PUBLIC 43

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45 45 GROUP 1How to associate Politicians in community policing without compromising its basic principles? GROUP 2What Areas of Importance did we miss in our initiative to disallow CP to take roots in Pakistan? GROUP 3What Problems women police officers may face in community policing initiatives while working beside their male colleagues? GROUP 4What are the possible areas where women community police officers can contribute for Women Protection and Well-being? BRAINSTORMING SESSION Time 15 mins

46 46 m

47 Problems & Solutions

48 48 " Muslims who advance conservative views on female affairs...are normally very literal in their understanding of texts; but they tendentiously opt for an understanding that suits their prejudice.“ Dr. Hassan Al-Turabi Bachelor in Law Masters University of London PhD from Sorbonne, Paris Speaker of Parliament, Sudan Minister of Justice, Sudan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sudan Deputy Prime Minister, Sudan INTERPRETATION OF ISLAMIC INJUNCTIONS ABOUT WOMEN

49 SUMMARY  Traditional policing focuses on controlling and reacting  Community policing is preventive and proactive  Traditional Policing is centralizing CP is for devolving powers  TP uses brute military power, CP is policing by consent  CP works by decreasing social disorganization  Implementation is easier in low crime homogenous society  Without support of the public police fails to achieve goals … continued

50  Police are Social Scientists and Social Workers  Policing means protecting the basic rights of citizens  CP is about equal partnership between police and public  It has to be adopted as organizational strategy  It is about changing the mindset of the police and the public  CP and TP augment each other

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