Presentation on theme: "Karl Wilcox Tutorial Starts at 19:00"— Presentation transcript:
1 Karl Wilcox Tutorial Starts at 19:00 TT284: Web TechnologiesBlock 3: Mobile Content and ApplicationsKarl Wilcox Tutorial Starts at 19:00
2 Please run the audio setup. TT284-12B Block 3 TutorialIMPORTANT!Be sure to check the News section on the TT284 Website regularly........and check the TMA 03 Forum for clarifications and updates BEFORE you submit your TMA!Tutorial begins at 7pm and will be recorded.Please run the audio setup.
3 Reminders and Acknowledgements With thanks to the following TT284 tutorsFrank CookCharly LowndesPaula SturdyDave McIntyreRichard MobbsStephen RiceHAVE YOU STARTED THE RECORDING KARL?!
5 Agenda Review – Where are we & how did we get here? Feedback on TMA02 Mobile Devices – Some thoughtsMobile devices, handling and detectionXSLT Transforms(A note on XML name spaces)Apps for mobileTMA03 – Questions and queries?RemindersI have material for about 1 hour……can use additional time for Q&A if required
9 TMA02 Feedback - 2 Don’t create unnecessary dependencies Examples Aim for maximum “abstraction” (independence)ExamplesDon’t rely on field width to restrict input lengthDon’t rely on database organisation for formattingDatabase tables can have new columns addedOrder of elements in an array may changeUse associative arrays for query results<td><?php echo $results[‘laptime’]; ?></td>
10 Health Warning!The following presentation contains personal opinion and some scepticismIt may not be suitable for those who like nice simple answers (and courses!) You will need to be able to make up your own mind…“I did not answer this questions as my tutor didn’t think it was worth it” Is NOT acceptable for the next TMA…
11 Mobile DevicesCharacteristicsDescribe them here please….!
12 Mobile Device Assumptions Awkward touch-screen inputLimited processor powerSmall keyboardLimited capabilitiesSome Web site navigation and usability features won’t work. For example, drop-down menus
13 WAP & WML A Warning from History 1999 – mobiles taking off in a big wayDemand (& hype) for mobile internetBut screens only display text…soDefine new markup language – WMLDesign new infrastructurePublish new comms protocol – WAP2003/04 WAP traffic doubles!(but from what to what?)2013 WAP / WML use - zero
14 The Lesson of WAP WAP & WML did not address what people wanted It addressed what the “lowest common denominator” of technology could doIt ignored everything that already existed (HTML, HTTP)It required new technologies and hardwareIt was designed to generate revenue for the telecoms operatorsIt did NOT succeed!Do not underestimate the ability of technology to provide what people actually want.
15 The Lesson of Mobile Broadcast TV It is equally hard to push technologies for which there is NO demandMobile broadcast TV is perfectly feasible over 3G networks, handsets had support built inBUT it turns out that nobody wants to watch broadcast TV on their phones (except in South Korea…)Will this lesson ever be learned…?Video calling on mobiles (“3”’s big selling point on launch)3D-TV ???
16 7 usability guidelines for Web sites on mobile devices Reduce the amount of contentSingle column layouts work bestPresent the navigation differentlyMinimise text entryDecide whether you need more than 1 mobile siteDesign for touchscreen and non-touchscreen usersTake advantage of inbuilt functionalitySlide used Last Year(accessed 21/06/12)
17 7 usability guidelines for Web sites on (small?) mobile devices Reduce the amount of contentWhy? Screens are near desktop resolution…Single column layouts work bestAre deeply annoyingPresent the navigation differentlyAs this will confuse and annoy your users!Minimise text entry Predictive text faster than typing for most…Decide whether you need more than 1 mobile siteBecause we all need MORE work to do!Design for touchscreen and non-touchscreen usersTake advantage of inbuilt functionalityLike I wasn’t doing this already…?What I think now…
18 Summary (Personal View!) It is usually a mistake to design a technology to the current, lowest common denominatorToday’s mid-range device is tomorrow’s entry levelShould all TV programmes have a special “Black & White” version for monochrome TVs?You cannot force a technology onto peopleBut you can show them new opportunitiesThis does NOT mean you can ignore the mobile website content in block 3!All of the technologies discussed are useful (I use them all regularly…)And the TMA requires them as part of the answer!
19 Options for Mobile Do nothing Design one Web site but use a different style sheet or sheets for mobile devicesHave separate Web sites for mobile devices.Check-out the BBC Web site on several devices.
20 Ripple – An Easy way to try out different device types