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New Horizon College English Unit 2 : Section A A Busy Weekday Morning.

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2 New Horizon College English Unit 2 : Section A A Busy Weekday Morning

3 Part III: Exercises Part IV: Topic-related Further Learning Part I: Pre-reading Activities Warm-up Exercises Background Information Vocabulary Part II: Text Learning Text Analysis: A: Main Ideas Language Points Some Recommended Books, Passages and Websites. B: Devices of Developing the Text Structure Translation Story Summary Text Structure Analysis Structured Writing

4 Topics for Your Discussion Do you think a generation gap exists between you and your parents? How can the older and the younger generation have real communication with and understand each other? 上一页下一页 Warm-up Exercises

5 1. Green Waves is a fictional name for a musical group made up by the writer for use in this story. 绿浪(作者为该故事杜 撰的一个乐队的名字)Green Waves 2. French Lilac Blue is a fictional name for eye-liner make-up made up by the writer for use in this story. 法国紫蓝(一种眼线 液的品牌)French Lilac Blue 上一页下一页 Background Information Back

6 The author presents an early morning exchange between a daughter, Sandy, and her parents. The daughter and her parents think about the same things very differently as a result of their lack of mutual understanding. Take music for example. Sandy enjoys Green Waves very much while her father thinks it is horrible stuff. For another example, Sandy likes to take a shower as she can be alone and sing in the bathroom. But if she stays in the shower too long, her mom or dad usually bangs on the door to rush her. It is as if both Sandy and her parents are blind to what is important in each other’s worlds, which puts them in separate worlds and creates the generation gap between the old and the young. 上一页下一页 Summary of the Text

7 The author presents what Sandy did on a weekday morning through a time order, describing a series of actions according to a sequenced order. To describe something according to the order of time is especially common with narrative writing. From the reading passage we can find that the presentation of details clearly follows the progress of time, as is apparent from the following words or sentences. 上一页下一页 Text Structure Analysis

8 The beginning sentence of the story tells us about the time: The radio clicked on. This is a very strong reminder of the time. From the passage we find that it was 6:15 A.M., time for getting up. After a couple of events, we find that after her shower, the conversation went on and something more happened. Then suddenly she looked at the clock again; it was late, still a strong indication of the time passing. And at last she ran to catch the school bus, which tells us that Sandy left for school. The time marker is expressed through the action of leaving. 上一页下一页 Text Structure Analysis

9 A Busy Weekday Morning 1. The radio clicked on. Rock music blasted forth. Like a shot, the music woke Sandy. She looked at the clock; it was 6:15 A.M. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station.blasted forthwoke Sandyalong with 2. "Sandy," shouted her father. "Sandy, turn that music off!" Steve Finch burst into her room. "Why do you have to listen to such horrible stuff? It's the same thing over and over. I'm not sure it is really music though it does have rhythm. Hmmm. No, it isn't really music. It's weird. It is definitely horrible stuff."turn that music offburst into over and over 上一页下一页 课文翻译

10 3. "I like that music, Dad; it's my favorite group — Green Waves. Listen for a minute; I'm sure you'll like it. It has a really powerful message. Didn't you ever listen to music like this when you were a youngster?" Sandy reached for the radio to turn it up louder. Green Wavesreached for 4. "No, no, don't do that. I can't stand it. The music I listened to had a message, too, but the words were clear and the musicians didn't use such offensive language. Turn that radio down so your mother and I can't hear it. I'm sure that music is hurting your ears as well as your brain. Now, would you please hurry up and turn it off? Get ready for school or you'll be late!" 上一页下一页 课文翻译

11 5. Sandy walked into the bathroom and turned on the shower. At first, the water felt cold. It helped her wake up. Then, as the water got hotter, she thought, "This shower feels great and in here I can be alone and sing. No one disturbs me in here." She grabbed the soap and washed thoroughly, including her hair. If she stayed in the shower too long, her mom or dad usually banged on the door to rush her so she grabbed a towel and dried off.At first, the water felt cold. dried off 6. After her shower, Sandy brushed her hair, put on her old, green T-shirt and some jeans and wrapped her sweater around her shoulders. Then she put on her makeup, grabbed her books and went to the kitchen.put on her makeup 上一页下一页 课文翻译

12 7. She looked at the clock again; it was late. As usual, she didn't know what to have for breakfast, so she grabbed a glass of milk and ate a piece of toast while standing by the sink. Just then, her mother, Jane, entered the kitchen.a piece of 8. "Sandy, why don't you sit down and eat your breakfast? It isn't healthy to eat standing up." 9. "I know. Mom, but I'm already late for school. I don't have time to sit down and eat.“ 10. Did you finish your homework, dear?" 11. "Yes." 12. "Do you have your instrument?" 13. "Uh-huh." 上一页下一页 课文翻译

13 14. "And your lunch?" 15. "Yah." 16. "Did you brush your teeth?" 17. "Mom, I haven't finished eating breakfast yet. I'll brush my teeth when I'm done." 18. "You should brush your teeth when you wake up and then brush them again after breakfast. Sandy, why are you wearing that old T-shirt? It's disgusting. I know you have some nice blouses in your closet." 19. "Mom, please stop." 20. "Stop what, dear? 21. "Stop bugging me." 上一页下一页 课文翻译

14 22. "Sandy, are you wearing eye-liner?"? 23. "Yes, Mom, I've been wearing eye-liner for months. Isn't it pretty? It's called French Lilac Blue. I just love it." Sandy pretended not to notice that her mother was a little annoyed. 24. "Sandy Finch, you're too young to wear that much makeup. Please go upstairs and wash it off."too young to that much 25. "Mom, I'm fifteen. I'm old enough to wear makeup. Believe me, all the girls at school wear makeup. Some have tattoos and pierced ears, and noses and tongues, too. Mom, I don't have time to talk about this now — I'm late. I've got to go. See you later." Sandy kissed her mother quickly on the cheek, picked up her books, and bolted out of the house.bolted out 上一页下一页 课文翻译

15 26. As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her older brother Bill who was away at college. He phoned her often so they could talk and share their problems, but she hadn't heard from him for a while. She missed him. Since Bill had gone to college, her mother bugged Sandy much more than before, and she was arguing with her mother a lot more than usual, too.heard fromfor a while 上一页下一页 课文翻译

16  blast forth: (sounds) come out suddenly (声 音)突然响起来 (L 1) 清晨突然响起了哨声。 A whistle blasted forth early in the morning. 远处响起了军号声。 The bugle blasted forth in the distance. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

17  wake sb. (up): cause sb to stop sleeping 唤醒 或弄醒某人 (L 1) 别把孩子吵醒了。 Try not to wake the baby up. 我被屋子里的声音吵醒了。 I was woken up by a noise in the room. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

18  along with: in company with; together with (L2) 你和我们一起去吗? Will you go along with us? 信里还附着一张支票。 There was a cheque along with the letter. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

19  turn on…/ turn up…/ turn down…/ turn off… = switch on or produce sound / make the sound louder /reduce the sound /produce no sound My brother got a new stereo yesterday as a birthday gift. He was so glad that he turned it on early this morning and then turned it up to enjoy the rock music. My father wanted to stay in bed longer and asked him to turn it down, but his refusal made my father angry, so my father had to get up to turn it off. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

20  burst into: 1) enter hurriedly, often with force 匆匆进入 2) start suddenly. 突然爆发 (L 4) 人群闯进了房间。 The crowed burst into the room. 全场爆发出一阵掌声。 The entire hall burst into applause. Back Language points 上一页下一页

21  over and over: again and again, regularly 再 三地,一次次 (L 5) 我已一再警告他不要那样做。 I’ve warned him over and over again not to do that. 她反复播放同一张唱片,烦得我不得不 离开房间为止。 She kept playing the same record Language points Back 上一页下一页

22  At first, the water felt cold. --- Here “feel”means “seem” or “give or produce a certain sensation ( 感觉 ). When “feel”is used in this sense, the subject of “feel”is something that is described by an adjective or an adverb that follows “feel”. 这件衣服摸起来很柔软. The clothes feels soft. 这淋浴的感觉好极了. This shower feels great. 我的脚摸上去很冷. My feet feel cold. Language points Back 上一页下一页

23  reach for: stretch out (one’s hand) in order to touch or grasp 伸出 ( 手 ) 触到或抓到 (L 10) 他伸手去拿枪。 He reached for his gun. 我伸手到桌子那端去拿果酱。 I reached across the table for the jam. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

24  to put on (her makeup): (L 26) 1) to make up her face 给自己化妆 2) clothe oneself with 穿上衣服 3) switch sth. on 打开开关 她正在化妆。 She’s just putting on her make-up. 我穿什么衣服去参加宴会呢? What dress shall I put on for the party? 打开灯,烤箱,收音机,电视机 put on the light, oven, radio, television 上一页下一页 Back Language points

25  dry off: (cause to) become dry ( 使 ) 干燥, ( 使 ) 变干 (L 23) 游泳者在烈日下晒干 ` 身子. The swimmer dried off in the hot sun. 大雨过后她跑出来, 用一快厚毛巾把身擦 干。 She ran in after the rainstorm and dried herself off with a thick towel. Language points Back 上一页下一页

26  Bolt out: leave in a hurry (L 58) 我一打开门时, 一只猫窜了出来. When I opened the door, a cat bolted out. 他从开着的窗户那儿逃跑了。 He had bolted out through the open window. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

27  a piece of: 块,片,段,项,条,件,等等 (L.29––L.30) a piece of glass a piece of wood a piece of chalk a piece of land a piece of paper a piece of gum a piece of bread, cake, meat a piece of advice, information, luck, news a piece of furniture, jewellery, luggage 一块玻璃 一块木头 一支粉笔 一块地 一张纸 一块口香糖 一块面包、蛋糕、肉 一个忠告、一项信息、一件 幸事、一条新闻 一件家具、珠宝、行李 上一页下一页 Back Language points

28  to be too young to wear that much makeup (L. 53) 年龄太小,不适宜化浓妆 当谈论到经商之道,这位领导人说; “ 有的商人 精明有余, 聪明不足。 ” When talking about the art of doing business, this leader said: “ Some businessmen are too clever to be wise.” 上一页下一页 Back Language points

29  that: adv. to that degree; so 达到那样的程度; 如此 (L 53) 天气并非那样冷。 It isn’t all that cold. 我走不了那么远。 I can’t walk that far. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

30  hear from sb. : receive a letter, telephone call from sb. 接到某人的来信、电话等 (L 61) 你多久接到你父母的来信? How often do you hear from your parents? 我们三个月没有得到他的消息了,都非常担心。 We are so worried as we haven’t heard from him for three months. 我喜欢他,但不至于到那种程度. I like him but not that much. Language points Back 上一页下一页

31  for a while: for a period of time 一段时间 (L 61) 她学法律之前在银行工作过一段时间。 She worked in a bank for a while before studying law 很长一段时间我们没有他的消息。 For a long while we had no news of him. 上一页下一页 Back Language points

32 II.Text Analysis: Main Idea and Devices for Developing It The story “A Busy Weekday Morning” was centered upon the conflicts between Sandy and her parents over her favorite music, dresses, make-up and other minor things. 时空法 对话法 Main idea of the text ? Devices for developing it? 叙事法

33 The device “narration” is employed in describing how Sandy got up (Para. 1), took her bath (Para. 5), dressed herself (Para. 6), ate her breakfast (Para.7), and what she thought of when she hurried to the school bus (Para. 26). For example For example 时空法 2. Narration ( 叙事法 ) Sandy walked into the bathroom and turned on the shower. At first, the water felt cold. It helped her wake up. Then, as the water got hotter, she thought, “This shower feels great and in here I can be alone and sing. No one disturbs me in here.” she grabbed the soap and washed thoroughly, including her hair. If she stayed in the shower too long, her mom or dad usually banged on the door to rush her so she grabbed a towel and dried off.(Para. 5) 对话法 桑迪走进浴室,打开淋浴喷头。 开始水 有点冷,不过这倒可以帮她清醒清醒。 过了一会儿,水就越来越热。她想: “ 淋 浴的感觉就是好,我可以一个人在这里 唱歌,没人打扰我。 ” 她抓起香皂,浑身 上下洗个遍,连头发也洗了。 要是她在 浴室呆得太久,她妈妈或爸爸就会砰砰 地敲门催她快点。 她赶紧抓了条浴巾, 把身子擦干。 Back

34 1)The radio clicked on… She looked at the clock; it was 6:15 A.M. (Para. 1) 2) Sandy walked into the bathroom and turned on the shower. At first, the water felt cold… Then, as the water got hotter, … (Para. 5) 3) After her shower, Sandy brushed her hair, …Then she put on her makeup,... (Para. 6) 4) She looked at the clock; it was late. (Para. 7) 6) As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her older brother Bill who was away at college. (Para. 26) Typical sentences for the sequence of time: 1. Sequence of Time and Space ( 时空顺序法 ) >>>>more 叙事法 对话法 Back

35 1)“Sandy, turn that music off!” Steve Finch burst into her room. (Para. 2) 2) Sandy walked into the bathroom and turned on the shower. (Para. 5) 3) Then she put on her makeup, grabbed her books and went to the kitchen. (Para. 6) 4) …while standing by the sink …Just then, her mother, Jane, entered the kitchen. (Para. 7) 5) As she ran to catch the school bus, … ( 暗示了地 点:家庭之外) (Para. 26) Typical sentences for the sequence of space: 1. Sequence of Time and Space ( 时空顺序法 ) 对话法 叙事法 Back

36 The narration of the busy weekday morning is done mainly in dialogue between Sandy and her parents, thus revealing vivid and direct conflicts between the parents and their daughter over music, ways of eating and dressing, teeth-brushing, makeup, and other minor things. 2. Narration through Dialogue ( 对话法 ) 时空法 Refer to Parts I and III for details. 叙事法 Back

37 Part I (Para.1-4) Direct conflicts between Sandy and her father over her favorite music Main idea ? Devices for developing it ? II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Devices for Developing It Dialogue ( 对话法 ) For details For details Para Part II Part III Part IV Back

38 II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Devices for Developing It Sandy’s favorite music: While it is pleasing to her ears and mind, it is hurting his ears and brain. Topic Dialogue: Father: Sandy, turn that music off! Why do you have to listen to such horrible stuff? It’s the same thing over and over. I’m not sure it is really music though it does have rhythm. Hmmm. No, it isn’t really music. It’s weird. It is definitely horrible stuff. Sandy: I like that music, Dad; it’s my favorite group— Green Waves. Listen for a minute; I’m sure you’ll like it. It has a really powerful message. Didn’t you ever listen to music like this when you were a youngster? Father: No, … I can’t stand it…Turn that radio down so your mother and I can’t hear it. I’m sure that music is hurting your ears as well as your brain. Dialogue: Father: Sandy, turn that music off! Why do you have to listen to such horrible stuff? It’s the same thing over and over. I’m not sure it is really music though it does have rhythm. Hmmm. No, it isn’t really music. It’s weird. It is definitely horrible stuff. Sandy: I like that music, Dad; it’s my favorite group— Green Waves. Listen for a minute; I’m sure you’ll like it. It has a really powerful message. Didn’t you ever listen to music like this when you were a youngster? Father: No, … I can’t stand it…Turn that radio down so your mother and I can’t hear it. I’m sure that music is hurting your ears as well as your brain. 返回

39 Part II (Para.5-7) Sandy took a shower and got ready to have her breakfast. ( 过渡段 ) Narration ( 叙事法 ) (in the order of time) Sandy walked into … At first, the water... Then, …, she thought, “…” If she stayed … After her shower, …Then she put on her make-up, …and went to the kitchen. She looked at …,it was late. Just then, her mother, Jane, entered the kitchen. ( 地点过 渡:卧室  洗漱间  厨房;人物过渡:父 女  母女) Main idea ? Devices for developing it ? II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Devices for Developing It Part III Part IV Part I

40 Part III (Para. 8-25) Sandy and her mother were in disagreement over several minor things, such as eating, teeth-brushing, dressing, and makeup. Main idea ? Devices for developing it ? II. Text Analysis: Main Idea and Devices for Developing It Dialogue ( 对话法 ) For details For details The way of eating (Para ) Minor things (Para ) For details For details Makeup (Para ) For details For details Part I Part II Part IV

41 1)The radio clicked on… She looked at the clock; it was 6:15 A.M. (Para. 1) 2) Sandy walked into the bathroom and turned on the shower. At first, the water felt cold… Then, as the water got hotter, … (Para. 5) 3) After her shower, Sandy brushed her hair, …Then she put on her makeup,... (Para. 6) 4) She looked at the clock; it was late. (Para. 7) 6) As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her older brother Bill who was away at college. (Para. 26) Typical sentences for the sequence of time: 1. Sequence of Time and Space ( 时空顺序法 ) >>>>more 叙事法 对话法

42 1. It’s weird that she works at weekends instead of on ______.  weekdays Ex. III, p. 32 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. III, p. 32 annoydisgust weekday offensive powerful youngsterdisturb definitely Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Exercises--Vocabulary Exercises--Vocabulary 下一页上一页

43 2. _____ are young people, especially children.  Youngsters Exercises--Vocabulary Exercises--Vocabulary 3. He’ll get _____ if you keep bugging him.  annoyed 下一页上一页 annoydisgust weekday offensive powerful youngsterdisturb definitely

44 4. I _______ agree with you that young girls shouldn’t wear that much makeup.  definitely 5. What a ______ smell! Open all the windows and air the room, please.  disgusting Exercises--Vocabulary 下一页上一页 annoydisgust weekday offensive powerful youngsterdisturb definitely

45 6. Usually, a man with strong legs and arms is very ______.  powerful 7. Sorry to ______ you, but I want to have a talk with the chairman. Is he in?  disturb Exercises--Vocabulary 下一页上一页 annoydisgust weekday offensive powerful youngsterdisturb definitely

46 8. He has made a(n) ______ remark that angers all of us.  offensive Exercises--Vocabulary Exercises--Vocabulary 下一页上一页 annoydisgust weekday offensive powerful youngsterdisturb definitely

47 1. Please turn the radio _____. I’m trying to sleep. Ex. IV, p. 32 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. IV, p. 32 down/off 2. Please turn all the lights _____ as you leave the classroom; we can’t afford to waste power. off Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb. Exercises--Vocabulary Exercises--Vocabulary 下一页上一页

48 3. Please turn the TV _____. I’d like to hear the CCTV news. up/on 4. Please turn the light ______ for me; it’s getting dark. on 5. Sinking in the sand, he reached ______ his friend’s hand, but it was too far away. forExercises--Vocabulary 下一页上一页

49 6. Don’t tell me she is still thinking ______ that red-haired boy! of/about 7. Be quiet; your father’s asleep; don’t wake him ______. up 8. I let some ink fall on the tablecloth, and I’m not sure if I can wash it ______. off/outExercises--Vocabulary 下一页上一页

50 1. Kate saw her brother Bill. At the same time she was getting off the school bus. Ex. V, p. 32 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. V, p. 32 Kate saw her brother Bill as she was getting off the school bus. Combine each of the following groups of sentences into one, using as. Exercises--Structure 下一页上一页

51 2. Mother was standing up from her seat. At that time she dropped her glass. As she was standing up from her seat, Mother dropped her glass. 3. A policeman fired at a thief. The thief was bolting out of the house at that time. A policeman fired at the thief as he was bolting out of the house. Exercises--Structure Exercises--Structure 下一页上一页

52 4. Sandy ran to catch the school bus. At the same time she thought of her talk with her mother. As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her talk with her mother. 5. The teacher entered the classroom. All the students shouted “Happy birthday” to him. All the students shouted “Happy birthday” to the teacher as he entered the classroom.Exercises--Structure 下一页上一页

53 1. She listened to her favorite rock music while she sang along with the words. She listened to her favorite rock music while singing along with the words. Study the model and rewrite each of the following sentences, using while + -ing. Ex. VI, p. 33 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. VI, p. 33 Exercises--Structure Exercises--Structure 下一页上一页

54 3. He banged on the door while he opened it. He banged on the door while opening it. 2. She was putting on her jeans and at the same time asked me to hand her the sweater. She was putting on her jeans while asking me to hand her the sweater.Exercises--Structure 下一页上一页

55 5. The school master looked angrily at the naughty student while he was talking with his parents. The school master looked angrily at the naughty student while talking with his parents. 4. In the bathroom she put on some makeup and she looked in the mirror. In the bathroom she put on some makeup while looking in the mirror. Exercises--Structure Exercises--Structure 下一页上一页

56 Exercises--Translation 1. 芬奇先生冲进她的房间,朝着她喊到: “ 难道 你就不能把音乐关小一点? ” Mr. Finch burst into her room and shouted at her, “Can’t you turn down the music a little bit?” can’t you turn down Translate the following sentences into English. Ex. VII, p. 33 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. VII, p. 33 shouted at her 下一页上一页 burst into

57 2. 我喜欢摇滚音乐,因为它通常节奏强,寓 意深。 a strong rhythm I like rock music because it usually has a strong rhythm and a powerful message. a powerful message Exercises--Translation Exercises--Translation 下一页上一页

58 3. 像往常一样,当他的父母不喜欢他的穿着时, 便开始唠叨 ( bug ) 他。 As usual, when his parents don’t like what he wears, they start to bug him.Exercises--Translation what he wears 下一页上一页 as usual

59 4. 代沟美国有,中国也有。 as well as Generation gaps exist in the United States as well as in China. generation gap Exercises--Translation 下一页上一页

60 5. 桑迪的母亲比以前更爱唠叨她,而她与母亲 的争论也比平常更多了。 much more than before As her mother bugged Sandy much more than before, she argued with her mother a lot more than usual, too. a lot more than usual Exercises--Translation argue with her mother 上一页下一页

61 VIII Translate the following into Chinese. "Sandy, why don't you sit down and eat your breakfast? It isn't healthy to eat standing up." "I know. Mom, but I'm already late for school. I don't have time to sit down and eat.“ “Did you finish your homework, dear?" "Yes." "Do you have your instrument?" "Uh-huh.“ Reference Reference 上一页 下一页 Exercises--Translation Ex. VIII, p. 33 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. VIII, p. 33

62 "And your lunch?" "Yah." "Did you brush your teeth?" "Mom, I haven't finished eating breakfast yet. I'll brush my teeth when I'm done." "You should brush your teeth when you wake up and then brush them again after breakfast. Sandy, why are you wearing that old T-shirt? It's disgusting. I know you have some nice blouses in your closet." "Mom, please stop." "Stop what, dear? "Stop bugging me." Reference Reference 上一页 下一页 Exercises--Translation

63 “ 桑迪,你怎么不坐下吃饭 ? 站着吃 对身体不好。 ” “ 我知道,妈妈,可我上学快迟到 了,没时间坐着吃。 ” “ 昨天做作业了吧,宝贝 ?” “ 做了。 ” “ 带乐器了吧 ?” “ 嗯哼。 ” Back 上一页 下一页 Exercises--Translation

64 “ 中饭也带了 ?” “ 带啦。 ” “ 刷过牙了 ?” “ 妈,我还没吃完饭呢。吃完了再刷。 ” “ 你起来后就该刷牙,吃完早饭后再刷次 牙。桑迪呀,你怎么穿起那件旧圆领衫了 ? 恶心死了。我知道你壁柜里还有几件好看的 衬衫。 ” “ 妈,请别这样。 ” “ 别怎么样 ?” “ 别这样烦我。 ” Back 上一页 下一页 Exercises--Translation

65 IX. Read the following sentences and circle the correct or best choice from the words in bold. Sandy is getting ready _1____school. She 2 to stand up to eat breakfast as she is 3 but her mother tells her to sit and eat as it is not healthy to stand. Her mother thinks Sandy’s old T-shirt with a _4_______ in it is _5__________ and suggests she _6_________ a nice blouse from her closet. Her mother is even more concerned _7_______ she notices for the _8_______ time that Sandy is wearing makeup, 1.For / to 2.Chose / chooses 3.Late / later 4.Whole / hole 5.Disgust / disgusting 6.Wear / where 7.Then / when 8.Once / first for chooses late holedisgusting wear when first 上一页 下一页 Exercises—Story Summery Ex. IX, p. 33 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. IX, p. 33

66 including 9. Sandy at fifteen is too _10________ for makeup but Sandy announces that she has been wearing it for months and all her friends are wearing it, 11. She shocks her mother by telling her _12________ others also have tattoos and 13 as well. 9. Eye shadow / eyeliner 10. Youngster / young 11. Either / too 12. Which / that 13. Pierced / piercings eyeliner young too that annoyed 上一页 下一页 Exercises—Story Summery

67 The mother is _14_________ with Sandy who pretends 15 and avoids any _16________ exchange by bolting off to catch her bus to school. Sandy thinks _17_________ her brother left for 18, her parents now bug her more and 19 more with her 20 when he was at home. 14.Annoying / annoyed 15. Not to / to not 16. Farther / further 17. Before / after 18. College / school 19. Agree / argue 20. Than / then annoyed not to further after college argue than 上一页 下一页 Exercises—Story Summery

68 X. Now have a look at Paragraph 6 and finish the following chart with time markers or sequenced actions. Paragraph 6 After her shower, Sandy brushed her hair, put on her old, green T-shirt and some jeans and wrapped her sweater around her shoulders. Then she put on her makeup, grabbed her books and went to the kitchen. 上一页 下一页 Exercises— Text Structure Analysis Ex. X, p. 35 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. X, p. 35

69 上一页 下一页 Time markersSequenced actions After her shower,Sandy brushed her hair, put on her old, green T-shirt. ThenShe put on her makeup, grabbed her books. andWent to the kitchen Exercises— Text Structure Analysis

70 XI. Now write one short paragraph with a series of actions organized according to the order of the sequence. Use time markers whenever possible. Here you have a few topics to choose from. One of them has more details that you can follow if you want to. Detailed outline: (When foreigners first go to the States, there are lots of things that they need to learn, for example, how to buy a phone card. Here's a list of the steps in "time order". Write one paragraph using these steps.) 上一页 下一页 Exercises— Structured Writing Ex. XI, p. 33 《读写教程 I 》 : Ex. XI, p. 33

71 make sure that you have 20 dollars on hand; learn to say "phone card" in English walk to the post office, repeating the English words to yourself say the right words to the clerk; smile hopefully pay for the card and find a pay phone 上一页 下一页 Reference Exercises— Structured Writing

72 The first thing is to make sure that you have a 20-dollar bill and have learned how to say “phone card” in English. Then you walk to the post office, repeating the English words silently to yourself. When you reach the post office, you say word to the clerk, smiling hopefully. Then, after you’ve paid for the card, you find a pay phone. (Underlined parts are time markers.) 上一页 下一页 Exercises— Structured Writing

73 Views on Generation Gap When it comes to the problem of generation gap, people’s ideas are not cut from the same cloth. Most of the old argue that young people should be responsible for the problem. They base their argument on the ground that young people either turn a deaf ear to the elders’ experience-based advice or set themselves against what the elders have been proud of. 上一页 下一页 Recommended passage

74 Yet the younger generation reacts to the problem the other way around and holds that the opposite is just reasonable. From their angle of view, the older generation is too conservative to accept anything new, as a result of which, their voices are not taken into account, and their efforts are far from the requirements set by the elders. I am of the opinion that both generations should take the responsibility for the problem. 上一页 下一页 Recommended passage

75 Much evidence proves that the generation gap results just when the two generations miss connecting or understanding with each other. As long as both sides keep their minds open to each other’s outlooks on the world and get ready for adjustment of their own ideas to the social needs, therefore, the gap between them will be narrowed down in time. 上一页 下一页 Recommended passage

76 一个繁忙的早晨 1. 收音机 “ 嘟 ” 地一声,摇滚乐就 “ 哗啦 ” 地响开了。 音乐像枪声似的将桑迪吵醒。她看了一下钟, 6 点一刻。她躺在床上,听着她喜欢的电台广 播,嘴里哼着歌词。 2. “ 桑迪, ” 她父亲叫嚷了起来, “ 桑迪,把音乐 关了! ” 史蒂夫 · 芬奇冲进她的卧室。 “ 你为什 么一定要听这么糟糕的音乐 ? 还是那个东西, 听了一遍又一遍。虽然有节奏,可恐怕不是真 正的音乐。哼,根本不是真正的音乐。这音乐 怪透了,绝对糟糕透顶。 ” 上一页下一页 Back 课文翻译

77 3. “ 我喜欢这音乐,爸爸。这是我喜欢的乐队,叫 ‘ 绿 浪 ’ 。您听一下吧,您肯定会喜欢的。它的含义丰 富,很有感染力。您年轻时就没听过这样的音乐 ?” 桑迪伸手把音乐开得更响。 4. “ 别,别开那么响,我受不了。我那时听的音乐 也有丰富的含义,可它的歌词明明白白,作者不 用这么令人讨厌的歌词。关掉收音机,这样我和 你妈妈就听不到了。我敢肯定,那音乐既伤你的 耳朵,也伤你的大脑。好了,请快点,把它关了。 准备上学,不然就迟到了。 ” 上一页下一页 Back 课文翻译

78 5. 桑迪走进浴室,打开淋浴喷头。开始水有点冷, 不过这倒可以帮她清醒清醒。过了一会儿,水就 越来越热。她想: “ 淋浴的感觉就是好,我可以一 个人在这里唱歌,没人打扰我。 ” 她抓起香皂,浑 身上下洗个遍,连头发也洗了。要是她在浴室待 得太久,她爸爸或妈妈就会砰砰地敲门催她快点。 她赶紧抓了条浴巾,把身子擦干。 6. 淋浴后,桑迪梳了梳头发,穿上一件旧的绿色 圆领衫和一条牛仔裤,肩上披了件毛衣。接着她 涂脸画眉,然后抓起书本走进厨房。 上一页下一页 Back 课文翻译

79 7. 她又看了看钟,很晚了。和往常一样,她不知道 早餐该吃什么,便抓了杯牛奶,站在洗菜池旁吃 烤面包。就在此时,她妈妈简走进了厨房。 8. “ 桑迪,你怎么不坐下吃饭 ? 站着吃对身体不 好。 ” 9. “ 我知道,妈妈,可我上学快迟到了,没时间坐 着吃。 ” 10. “ 昨天做作业了吧,宝贝 ?” 11. “ 做了。 ” 12. “ 带乐器了吧 ?” 13. “ 嗯哼。 ” 上一页下一页 Back 课文翻译

80 14. “ 中饭也带了 ?” 15. “ 带啦。 ” 16. “ 刷过牙了 ?” 17. “ 妈,我还没吃完饭呢。吃完了再刷。 ” 18. “ 你起来后就该刷牙,吃完早饭后再刷次牙。桑 迪呀,你怎么穿起那件旧圆领衫了 ? 恶心死了。我 知道你壁柜里还有几件好看的衬衫。 ” 19. “ 妈,请别这样。 ” 20. “ 别怎么样 ?” 21. “ 别这样烦我。 ” 上一页下一页 Back 课文翻译

81 22. “ 桑迪,你怎么描起眼线来了 ?” 23. “ 我是描了,妈妈。我都描了几个月了。难道不 漂亮 ? 这可是法国紫蓝画眉。我就是喜欢它。 ” 她妈 妈有点生气,可桑迪装着没看见。 24. “ 桑迪 · 芬奇,你还太小,还不能化这么浓的妆。 上楼去,把它洗掉。 ” 25. “ 妈,我都 15 岁了,到了可以化妆的年龄了。给 您说实话吧,学校的女孩子都化妆,有些还纹身, 还在耳朵、鼻子、舌头上穿洞呢。妈,我现在没 时间给您说,我快迟到了,得走了。再见。 ” 桑迪 匆匆吻了一下她妈妈的脸颊,拿起书冲出了屋子 上一页下一页 Back 课文翻译

82 26. 去赶校车的路上,桑迪想起了在外面上大学的哥 哥比尔。他常常给她打电话聊天,交流各自遇到 的问题。可她有好些天没有他的消息了。她想念 哥哥。自从哥哥上大学后,妈妈比以前更烦她了, 她和妈妈的争吵也比往常更多了。 上一页 Back THE END THE END 课文翻译

83 Thank You !


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