2 IVS: CH. 5 - TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT: 1. Allusion (ə-lū'zhən) - nounAfter I suggested that Monty have fruit for dessert instead of chocolate cake, he responded, "Is that an allusion to my weight?"a. contrast b. reference c. answer2. Altruistic (ăl'trū-ĭs'tĭk) - adjective"I'm not often altruistic," Brett admitted. "I usually put my own welfare first."a. unselfish b. cheerful c. greedy
3 3. Appease (ə-pēz') - verbMy sister was so outraged when I accidentally scratched her favorite old Beatles record that nothing I could say or do would appease her.a. annoy(ed) b. heal(ed) c. calm(ed)4. Arbitrary (är'bĭ-trĕr'ē) - adjectiveParents should not enforce rules according to their moods. Such arbitrary discipline only confuses children.a. steady b. slow c. impulsive
4 5. Assail (ə-sāl') - verbThe two candidates continuously assailed each other with accusations of dishonesty.a. attack(ed) b. confuse(d) c. support(ed)"Nice to see you," may be a banal comment, but what it lacks in originality it makes up for in friendliness.a. greedy b. unoriginal c. clever6. Banal (bə-năl') - adjective
5 7. Euphemism (yoo'fə-mĭz'əm) - noun Common euphemisms include "final resting place" (for grave), "intoxicated" (for drunk), and "powder room (for toilet).a. harsh term(s) b. term(s) that don't offendc. foreign term(s)8. Mercenary (mûr'sə-nĕr'ē) - adjectiveThe con man pretended to love the wealthy widow, but he actually married her for mercenary reasons.a. jealous b. angry c. greedy
6 9. Syndrome (sĭn'drōm) - noun Jet lag is a syndrome resulting from flying long distances; it often includes exhaustion, headache, and loss of appetite.a. group of symptoms b. cause(s) c. something required10. Taint (tānt) - verbThe involvement of organized crime has tainted many sports, including boxing and horse racing.a. benefit(ed) b. damage(d) c. start(ed)
7 IVS: CH. 5 - MATCHING WORDS WITH DEFINITIONS: Determined by personal judgment, not rule or reason; based on impulseArbitraryMotivated only by financial gain; greedyMercenaryAn indirect referenceAllusionA group of symptoms typical of a particular disease or conditionSyndromeA mild or vague term used as a substitute for one considered offensive or unpleasantEuphemismTo calm, especially by giving in to the demands ofAppeaseLacking originality; overused; commonplaceBanalTo stain the honor of someone or somethingTaintTo attack physically or verballyAssailUnselfishly concerned for the welfare of others; unselfishAltruistic
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