Presentation on theme: "English Civil War James I Charles I (Interregnum) – Cromwell Charles II (Restoration) James II (Glorious Revolution)"— Presentation transcript:
English Civil War James I Charles I (Interregnum) – Cromwell Charles II (Restoration) James II (Glorious Revolution)
James I (formerly James VI of Scotland) adopted by Elizabeth I, rules 1603-1625, but is an ABSOLUTIST Tonnages and Poundages Royal Monopolies Impositions How many people can he annoy? Nobility Parliament Merchants Puritans
Charles I (1625-49) Even more unpopular than James Also absolutist, but looks to get around parliament by: Civil war with Scotland (Anglican Prayer Book) 1630’s Fires Parliament! Short Parliament 1640 (Spring) Long Parliament 1640 (Nov) Grand Remonstration War in Ireland as English displace 1649 turns out very badly for him…
Oliver Cromwell’s Interregnum Lord Protectorate of England, Calvinist, Roundhead. 1646 January 30, 1649, roundheads kill Charles I Established the Puritan Republic (Rump Parliament) Dies 1658, his son reigns two more years before a very bad day in 1660
The Restoration Charles II 1660-85 Restores English Monarchy…even tho’ he is also absolutist and secretly pro- Catholic Simultaneous with Louis XIV of France
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