5This combination of words will not form a complete sentence This combination of words will not form a complete sentence. It will instead make a reader want additional information to finish the thought.
6When you put the dependent (subordinating) clause in your sentence first, it means you need a comma after it. If it comes second in your sentence, you do not need the comma.DEPENDANTINDEPENDANT
7Example:*Dependent clause: because I was hungry (This thought cannot stand alone.)*Independent clause: I ate dinner. (This thought can stand alone.)-Subordinate/Dependent Clause 1st: Because I was hungry, I ate dinner.-Subordinate/Dependent Clause 2nd: I ate dinner because I was hungry.
9Dependent clause that starts with an AAAWWUBBIS word + comma + simple sentence= complex sentence A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a noun and a verb, but does not contain a complete thought. A dependent clause depends on the rest of the sentence to make sense. A dependent clause usually starts with a AAAWWUBBIS word:
11When summer comes to the North Woods, times slows downTime slows down.
12When summer comes to the North Woods, time slows down. Jennifer Donnelly, A Northern LightIf you can’t annoy somebody, there is little point in writing.Kingsley Amis, The King’s English
13When summer comes to the North Woods, time slows down. Jennifer Donnelly, A Northern LightThe comma tells the reader that the introductory clause or phrase has come to an end, and the main part of the sentence is about to begin.
14There is little point in writing. If you can’t annoy somebody, there is little point in writingKingsley Amis, The King’s English
15Calvin and Hobbes rested on the tree branch. Although school had begun, Calvin and Hobbes laid lazily in the tree.
16If there were an Olympic contest for talking, Shelly Stalls would sweep the event. Flipped, pg 16Your turn:If there were an Olympic contest for ____________, __________ would sweep the event.