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Opener, sentence. Use a comma to set off an opener.

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Presentation on theme: "Opener, sentence. Use a comma to set off an opener."— Presentation transcript:

1 Opener, sentence. Use a comma to set off an opener.

2 Sentence Pattern 5 Dependent clause, independent clause. Clause, not claws!!!

3 Use a comma after an introduction or opener A subordinate clause— also called a dependent clause—will begin with a subordinating conjunction and will contain both a subject and a verb.

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5 This combination of words will not form a complete sentence. It will instead make a reader want additional information to finish the thought.

6 When you put the dependent (subordinating) clause in your sentence first, it means you need a comma after it. If it comes second in your sentence, you do not need the comma. DEPENDANT INDEPENDANT

7 Example: *Dependent clause: because I was hungry (This thought cannot stand alone.) *Independent clause: I ate dinner. (This thought can stand alone.) -Subordinate/Dependent Clause 1 st : Because I was hungry, I ate dinner. -Subordinate/Dependent Clause 2 nd : I ate dinner because I was hungry.

8 AAAWWUBBIS !

9 Dependent clause that starts with an AAAWWUBBIS word + comma + simple sentence= complex sentence A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a noun and a verb, but does not contain a complete thought. A dependent clause depends on the rest of the sentence to make sense. A dependent clause usually starts with a AAAWWUBBIS word:

10 Subordinating conjunctions AAAWWUBBISAAAWWUBBIS lthough s fter hile hen ntil/Unless ecause efore f ince

11 Time slows down. When summer comes to the North Woods, times slows down

12 When summer comes to the North Woods, time slows down. Jennifer Donnelly, A Northern Light If you can’t annoy somebody, there is little point in writing. Kingsley Amis, The King’s English

13 When summer comes to the North Woods, time slows down. Jennifer Donnelly, A Northern Light The comma tells the reader that the introductory clause or phrase has come to an end, and the main part of the sentence is about to begin.

14 There is little point in writing. If you can’t annoy somebody, there is little point in writing Kingsley Amis, The King’s English

15 Although school had begun, Calvin and Hobbes laid lazily in the tree. Calvin and Hobbes rested on the tree branch.

16 If there were an Olympic contest for talking, Shelly Stalls would sweep the event. Flipped, pg 16 If there were an Olympic contest for ____________, __________ would sweep the event. Your turn :

17 When I was little,… Your turn again!

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