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RUSI Defence Project Management Seminar Series Programme Management in Defence: Applying MSP progress to date and future challenges Bill Egginton Cranfield.

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Presentation on theme: "RUSI Defence Project Management Seminar Series Programme Management in Defence: Applying MSP progress to date and future challenges Bill Egginton Cranfield."— Presentation transcript:

1 RUSI Defence Project Management Seminar Series Programme Management in Defence: Applying MSP progress to date and future challenges Bill Egginton Cranfield University Defence Academy College of Management and Technology

2 The Context…. “We will create a strong programme management environment around our projects…. oversee the integration of projects and other Lines of Development into military capability…. invest in managing programme management capabilities and competence Defence Industrial Strategy, December 2005 “Consideration be given to establishing Board level championship of the most significant new capabilities….Every major new capability in the MOD’s forward plans should be assigned a 2-star SRO residing in the Equipment Capability Customer” Enabling Acquisition Change, June 2006 “EAC recommended that DCDS(EC) establish a programme approach to capability delivery….to ensure that all the Defence LoD were brought together at the earliest stages of the acquisition cycle and managed coherently……by 31 March …and consistent with the framework established by MSP.” MoD Capability Delivery Guidance, DCI, 19 March 2008

3 MSP – what is it? 1 st Edition in 1999; 2 nd Edition 2003; 3 rd Sept 2007 Set of principles, processes, roles, activities and outputs of the programme management approach Exemplars of Best Practice and a de factor standard for excellence in programme management Not as a mature a ‘product’ as its project equivalent – PRINCE2 – but increasing in popularity Subject of practitioner qualifications & courses “Managing Successful Programmes (MSP) is a structured yet flexible framework. It allows you to manage and control all the activities involved in managing a programme through providing advice on organisation, processes, communication and ways of thinking” OGC

4 The MSP Framework Remaining aligned with corporate strategy Leading change Envisioning & communicating a better future Focus and benefits and threats to them Adding value Designing and delivering a coherent capability Learning from Experience Organisation Vision Leadership & Stakeholder Engmt Benefits Management Quality Management Risk & Issue Management Business Case Planning & Control Blueprint design & delivery Defining a Programme Delivering the Capabilities Realising the Benefits Closing a Programme Identifying a Programme Managing the Tranches 7 Principles 9 Themes

5 MSP: Programme Organisation Senior Responsible Owner Sponsoring Group Senior Business Management Programme Manager Delivering Capability Business Change Manager Realising Benefits Programme Office Programme Board

6 Source: Defence Acquisition – High Level Blueprint (October, 2008) Through Life Capability Management (TLCM) is an approach to the acquisition and in-service management of military capability in which every aspect of new and existing military capability is planned and managed coherently across all Defence Lines of Development (DLoDs) from cradle to grave. TLCM and a programme approach

7 Programme Support Function Programme Board Programme Initiation EJCB Defence Operating Board Defence Board UMGs CIG / AWG Planning Issues Capability Planning Capability Commercial Research Industrial Finance Planning Delivery Generation Project Enduring Mandate Project Issue Resolution/Direction Programme Boards - Governance CIWGs / AWGs Source: TLCM Phase 4 Implementation, 12 November 2008 (DACP Ind Comms)

8 Programme Boards - Composition Source: TLCM Phase 4 Implementation, 12 November 2008 (DACP Ind Comms)

9 Senior people are very open to the principles and practice of programme management In defence, SRO roles are – for the most part – part time appointments The dual role of DEC acting as SRO represents potential conflict of interest The SRO role is only one part of the MSP ‘solution’ – not a complete fix The PgM role is a key individual role – not expected to be a committee The purpose of the BCM is being recognised - but FLCs need to be able to respond and act in that capacity A Sponsoring Group function is required to complete the governance – this is expected to be the Extended JCB - ToRs need to be aligned accordingly Programme Support is much more than an administrative function and the appropriate investment in people, processes and systems is required Some observations…

10 Future MOD challenges? 1.Getting the ‘right’ number and make-up of coherent defence programmes – aligned to defence strategy, with strategic objectives adequately defined 2.Taking the big decisions around overheated Equipment Programme based on clear criteria of strategic priority and ‘portfolio’ balancing 3.Shaping the role of DECs (as Sponsor), DE&S (as a Customer Representative) and FLCs (as Users) in full view of business needs 4.Having enough people to allocate to key roles with the necessary competence in applying consistent principles and developing fit-for- purpose processes 5.Building a culture that encourages and allows ‘big picture’ thinking with the right information available to enable balanced decisions at all levels 6.Recognising that MOD is at one and the same time a Government Dept. and a Military HQ and that these different roles may require different structures, behaviours and even reward systems for operations vs. programmes and projects 7.Working with the Private Sector in delivering through programmes, with the flexibility required for programme management as part of contracts.

11 A Further Challenge…. 92. Mr Gould acknowledged that the uncertainty over the equipment programme was bound to delay investment by industry. CDM said that he thought: “industry would like to see an affordable programme and fewer projects properly funded, if that’s what it takes, than a lot of projects not properly funded” House of Commons Defence Committee Defence Equipment 2008, 27 March 2008 …do we need to think beyond programmes to portfolio management?

12 Conclusions 1.A great deal of central guidance has been issued during 2008 and there is tangible evidence of movement in the ‘right’ direction towards a programme approach within defence 2.MSP principles, roles and structures are being adopted and applied, but there remains work to be done in hammering out the details 3.Crucial are: –Governance and an effective Sponsoring Group function –Adequate and appropriate resource allocated to the SRO role –Effective and sustainable involvement from FLCs as Users –Mobilisation of a fit-for-purpose Programme Support Function 4.MOD process and procedure – including finance and commercial – may frustrate efforts to bring about the necessary changes 5.Crucially, the planning round approach and the behaviours this drives potentially cuts across all efforts to define and implement programmes 6.Over and above programme, I believe there remains the opportunity - at the very top of defence - to apply portfolio management principles that would clarify strategic imperatives, align priorities against agreed criteria and so stabilise investment in delivering capability.

13 MOD is not alone…. “37 …….. So a key challenge going forward will be for the structures to provide clear and quick decision making so the delivery programme is not held up”. Preparations for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games – Risk assessment and management’ NAO, Feb 2007

14 Thank You


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