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The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.486.

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Presentation on theme: "The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.486."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.486

2 The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.486 Recruiting posters for the Civil War

3 The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.486 Recruiting posters for the Civil War

4 The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.486 Recruiting posters for the Civil War

5 The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.486 Later in the war, there is a DRAFT

6 The North Thought they were much stronger than the South and would win quickly. The South Thought that Northerners were cowards, would not fight hard, and that the war would be over quickly. Both sided underestimate the other and thought that the war would come to a quick end. Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape Setting the Scene Pg.486

7 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape A Nation Divided Pg.486

8 The South Felt that they were justified in their war to separate and felt like they were fighting a war for independence. Assumed that the Republican party would fight to end slavery and the southern way of life (even though at first there was no effort toward this). The North Felt that they were fighting a war to save the Union and the Nation. Were fighting to keep land, natural resources, tax money, and keep the continent for only one nation. Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape A Nation Divided Pg.486

9 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape A Nation Divided Pg.486-487

10 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape A Nation Divided Pg. 487

11 “Border States” - located between the North and the South Missouri Kentucky Maryland Delaware Arkansas Tennessee Virginia North Carolina Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape BORDER STATES Pg. 487

12 “Border States” - located between the North and the South Missouri Kentucky Maryland Delaware *West Virginia Arkansas Tennessee Virginia North Carolina Maryland was especially important because it was right next to the Capital of the north, Washington D.C. * when Virginia joined the South, the people in the western part seceded from Virginia and created their own state, West Virginia. Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape BORDER STATES Pg. 487

13 “Border States” - located between the North and the South Missouri Kentucky Maryland Delaware *West Virginia Arkansas Tennessee Virginia North Carolina Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape BORDER STATES Pg. 487

14 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape BORDER STATES Pg. 487

15 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape Riots in Baltimore, Maryland Pg. 487 martial law can still be used today in times of national emergency

16 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape Riots in Baltimore, Maryland Pg. 487 Who’s perspective? Pro-slavery or Anti-Slavery

17 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape Riots in Baltimore, Maryland Pg. 487 Who’s perspective? Pro-slavery or Anti-Slavery

18 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape Strengths and Weaknesses Pg. 487

19 Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America We seek no conquest. All we ask is to be let alone. Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape Strengths and Weaknesses Pg. 487 Partner Talk: If another country is not attacking you or bothering you, but they are doing something wrong, is it okay to fight a war with them?

20 Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America We seek no conquest. All we ask is to be let alone. Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape Strengths and Weaknesses Pg. 487 Partner Talk: What reason or justification did the North have for using force against the South?

21 Strengths and Weaknesses The South Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 487 Advantages

22 Strengths and Weaknesses The South Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 487-488 Disadvantages

23 Strengths and Weaknesses The South Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 487-488 Confederate States = a confederation = a weak national government Disadvantages

24 Strengths and Weaknesses The South Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 487-488 9 million in the South vs. 22 million in the North 1/3 of 9 million are enslaved = 3 million slaves about 1/2 of remaining 6 million are women

25 Strengths and Weaknesses The South Strengths fighting a defensive war protecting their homes / fighting for independence Southerners knew their land / the geography Weaknesses few factories to produce weapons and supplies few railroads to move troops and supplies Confederate constitution allowed the states too much power smaller population, less men available to fight in the army Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 487-488

26 Strengths and Weaknesses The North Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 488 Advantages

27 Strengths and Weaknesses The North Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 488 Disadvantages

28 Strengths and Weaknesses The North Strengths large population, lots of volunteers for the army many factories to make weapons and supplies many railroads to get troops and supplies to the soldiers had a strong navy and merchant ships that could help transport troops and supplies Weaknesses have to invade and win back all of the land in the South soldiers were fighting in unfamiliar and hostile territory the supply line to get to the battlefields and camps was long Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 488

29 Partner Talk: So who should win? Why?

30 Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Takes Shape The War’s Leaders Pg. 488

31 Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 488 The Conflict Takes Shape The War’s Leaders

32 Chapter 17 section 1 Pg. 489

33 Jefferson Davis Had lots of military experience - Went to West Point Military Academy - Officer in Mexican War - Secretary of War under President Pierce Respected for honesty and courage “control-freak” had to handle military planning all on his own Abraham Lincoln Had no military experience became a patient, strong leader and good at planning war slowly gained the respect of those around him had a good sense of humor and could accept criticism Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Develops The War’s Leaders Pg. 488-489

34 Jefferson Davis Abraham Lincoln Chapter 17 section 1 The Conflict Develops The War’s Leaders Pg. 488-489 Partner Talk: Who will be the better leader? Tell why.

35 The Conflict Develops The War’s Leaders Military Leaders Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.489

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37 The War’s Leaders Military Leaders If Virginia stands by the old Union, so will I. But if she secedes…, then I will still follow my native State with my sword and, if need be, with my life. Abraham Lincoln asked Robert E. Lee to lead the Union (Northern) army. But, because of sectionalism, he stayed loyal to Virginia that joined the South. Instead it became the leader of the Confederate army. Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.489

38 The War’s Leaders Military Leaders If Virginia stands by the old Union, so will I. But if she secedes…, then I will still follow my native State with my sword and, if need be, with my life. Chapter 17 section 1 Pg.489 Partner Talk: Would you ever fight in the army against your home state (city)?


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