Gold = hot item explorers were looking for but it’s really wealth they were after Europeans also desired spices Other natural resources would come to be sold for profit as well timber, sugar, tobacco, ivory, etc.
This competition was enhanced by the idea of mercantilism – a nation’s strength depends on its wealth More money = better military Fixed amount of wealth
The Renaissance fostered humanism – explorers hoped a great discovery would bring honor to their names; kings wanted glory for their country Printing press made this possible The Triumph of Fame, a Flemish tapestry from 1502.
After the Reformation, competition springs up among Christian sects Colonization & missionary work became a race to convert native peoples to a particular brand of Christianity
Advances in technology made the Age of Exploration possible Navigational technology like the compass and astrolabe allowed sailors to plot courses even when out of sight of land The caravel was a light, fast sailing ship that was easily maneuverable and could be armed
1 st to encourage new explorations was Prince Henry of Portugal, known as “Prince Henry the Navigator” Started an institute for seafaring and exploring Combined ship technology learned from Islam with new European innovations
Observe: Describe what you see – what do you notice first? What looks strange or unfamiliar? What place or places do you see? Graphical elements? Words (familiar or unfamiliar)? Reflect: Why do you think this map was made? Who was the intended audience? How does this map compare to current maps of this place? What would be different if this map were made today? What would be the same? What does this map tell you about what the people who made it knew and what they didn’t? Question: What do you wonder about… Who? What? When? Where? Why? How? Come up with at least two thought-provoking questions you have about your section of the map. Be ready to present your map analysis!
Propose how U.S. history may have evolved differently if this map was not created. All nations have laws to protect their antiquities. Why did the German government permit the Waldseemüller Map, World 1507 to come to the Library of Congress?