Presentation on theme: "Tietotekniikka, Autumn 2012 Elina Ahtikari XENI001 Academic Reading."— Presentation transcript:
Tietotekniikka, Autumn 2012 Elina Ahtikari XENI001 Academic Reading
Session 2 Vocabulary Learning strategies Online Dictionaries & other resources Vocabulary logs Research What’s new in IT? Online research JYU resources
VOCABULARY Assosiation game - GROUPS of 4 - TIME: 2 minutes - LIST English words related to the given one (e.g. HOUSE window, roof, door,home, apartement, rooms..) - POINTS: Each word that no other group has – 1 point -Group with most words in the list – 5 points
What’s important in vocabulary learning? What do you do when you come across a new word? How have you learned vocabulary in the past? Test your strategies - Optima
What does it mean to know a word? http://kielikompassi.jyu.fi/opetus/englanti/xen060/sanakirja t_knowing.shtml
VOCABULARY STRATEGIES FOR UNFAMILIAR WORDS When reading a text there are a number of strategies for unfamiliar words: Read for ideas, not words. Decide if the word is essential in understanding the writer's general idea. If it's not essential, keep reading. If it is essential, try to guess the meaning from context. If context does not help, use a dictionary.
Guessing the meaning from context Analyse the context clues in the sentence where the word is or in the surrounding sentences. familiarity of the situation described, explanations, examples or descriptions of the situation provided by the writer, cause and effect relationships (because, so, thus etc.), contrasting relationships (but, however, although etc.), words with similar meaning, reference words (other, this, such etc.), descriptive words, at least knowing whether they have a negative or positive meaning, definition given by the writer, word parts, eg. prefixes and suffixes
Know your prefixes and suffixes Prefixes showing quantity Prefixes showing negation Prefixes showing time Prefixes showing direction or position
Know your prefixes and suffixes http://www.apus.edu/ctl/students/skills-development/vocab.htm Prefixes showing quantity half: semiannual, hemisphere one: unicycle, monarchy, monorail two: binary, bimonthly, dilemma, dichotomy hundred: century, centimeter, hectoliter thousand: millimeter, kilometer Prefixes showing negation without, no, not: asexual, anonymous, illegal, immoral, invalid, irreverent, unskilled not, absence of, opposing, against: nonbreakable, antacid, antipathy, contradict opposite to, complement to: counterclockwise, counterweight do the opposite of, remove, reduce: dehorn, devitalize, devalue do the opposite of, deprive of: disestablish, disarm wrongly, bad: misjudge, misdeed
Prefixes showing time before: antecedent, forecast, precede, prologue after: postwar again: rewrite, redundant Prefixes showing direction or position above, over: supervise, supererogatory across, over: transport, translate below, under: infrasonic, infrastructure, subterranean, hypodermic in front of: proceed, prefix behind: recede out of: erupt, explicit, ecstasy into: injection, immerse, encourage, empower around: circumnavigate, perimeter with: coexist, colloquy, communicate, consequence, correspond, sympathy, synchronize
Dictionaries Monolingual dictionaries Bilingual dictionaries Thesauruses Dictionaries about idioms, phrasal verbs, common mistakes, culture etc.
A good dictionary will tell you some or all of the following: word spelling pronunciation meaning senses grammar and word class collocations register connotations and culrural info related words example
Group work: Online Dictionaries 1. INVESTIGATION (15 min) Each group investigates one Online Dictionary Find answers to the given questions, make notes 2. PREPARING TO PRESENT (15 min) Choose the most important points Decide who tells what How are you going to illustrate your findings? 3. PRESENTATIONS – 5-10min/group
Independent study: Vocabulary log Start collecting professional vocabulary as you read different text and come across new words Mind maps, pictures, categories, (list) Explanations in English +chosen information
Exersice your vocabulary skills 1. Read the text once 2. Fill in the words you already know 3. Try to guess the meaning from the context 4. Find the unknown words from a dictionary & check the words you are unsure of.
The Academic publishing process Academics usually publish their research in formal publications: such as journal papers and articles or reports. These follow formal procedures designed to quality-assure the work.
Peer review / refereeing Peer review is what characterises academic research. If a publication is peer reviewed it means it has been read, checked authenticated (reviewed) by independent, third party academics (peers). Has been the quality-control system of academic publishing for hundreds of years.
Scholarly journals Peer reviewed articles are often collated into scholarly journals Published by academic publishing houses, professional societies or university press. Key source of information in academic studies Electronic journals Nowadays many are also available in electronic form Access to eJournals is not usually free Journals via the University library web services
Most academics rely on specialist databases to access details of past research. The databases draw together details of scholarly publications from a wide range of sources including academic publishers, journals, archives and sometimes books, and so enable you to search a large body of the scholarly literature in one go.
PAIR WORK: The Bad and the Ugly Read the given text and find the main points Summarize the information to your partner in Finnish What should you remember when searching information online? Take the Quiz – link in Optima
NELLI portal Databases, electronic journals, e-books, library catalogues etc. Find Databases – Access to individual databases Find eJournals – Specific Journals in your field QuickSearch – Several databases at the same time MetaSearch – Chosen databases (max 15) My Space – Save your records
Examples: Databases Ebscohost is a big e-resource provider, offering databases and e-journals in a number of subject areas Ebscohost LINDA is the union catalogue of Finnish University Libraries, Use LINDA especially if you want to find: LINDA Master's theses completed at all Finnish universities Foreign literature available in other Finnish university libraries ProQuest Central is a large multidisciplinary database with e- journals. ProQuest Central Selecting and using resources: https://koppa.jyu.fi/avoimet/kirjasto/library-skills-tutorial/selecting-and-using- resources
The most important databases of information technology Jyu Library Tutorials ACM Digital Library - bibliographic information, abstracts, reviews, and the full-text for articles published in ACM periodicals and proceedings since its founding in 1947. ACM Digital Library IEEE Xplore - provides full-text access to IEEE transactions, journals, magazines and conference proceedings published since 1988 and all current IEEE Standards. IEEE Xplore CiteSeer - focuses primarily on the literature in computer and information science. CiteSeer Computer and Information Systems Abstracts (ProQuest) - a wide area of computer and information systems literature. Provides references to the latest theoretical research and practical applications around the world, including hard- to-find conference literature since 1981. Computer and Information Systems Abstracts Electronics and Communications Absracts (ProQuest) - the database indexes sources of information in the field of electronics and communications since 1981. The abstracts only. Electronics and Communications Absracts https://koppa.jyu.fi/avoimet/kirjasto/resources-by-subject/information-technology
ProQuest Computing - Top computing journals in full text for research on subjects such as database design, software development, web commerce, LANs, WANs, Intranets, and the Internet. ProQuest Computing ProQuest Telecommunication - Search the full text of top telecommunications industry publications. Includes magazines, journals, and newsletters ProQuest Telecommunication Sciverse Science Direct (Please see: Computer Science) - multidiciplinary database including several information technology journals. Sciverse Science Direct Springer Link (Please see: Computer Science) - multidiciplinary database including several information technology journals. Springer Link arXiv e-Print (Please see: Computer Science) - e-print service in the fields of physics, mathematics, non-linear science, computer science, and quantitative biology. arXiv e-Print Web of Science/Science Citation Index Expanded - provides access to current and retrospective bibliographic information, author abstracts, and cited references found in 5,900 of the world's leading scholarly science and technical journals covering more than 150 disciplines. NB. Max 5 simultaneous users. Web of Science
Examples: Electronic Books (IT) Handbook of research in mobile business - handbook with technical, methodological, and social perspectives. Covers subjects like: mobile commerce, mobile communication systems, economic aspects. Handbook of research in mobile business Lecture Notes in Computer Science - full-text access to book serie 'Lecture Notes in Computer Science'. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Ebrary – over 70,000 full-text books in multiple academic and general interest subject areas. Ebrary Ellibs – e-book collection. Multidisciplinary, also books in information technology. NB. Registration needed. User ID = Library card number, Password = PIN-code (same as with JYKDOK). Ellibs SAGE Research Methods Online - SRMO is a research methods tool, linking SAGE's renowned research methods content with sophisticated search tools. The site contains 504 book titles, including the entire QASS (aka Little Green Book) series, 6 dictionaries, 4 encyclopedias and a Major Work containing journal articles. SAGE Research Methods Online
PRACTISE EXERCISE 1 Open NELLI in a new window. Search for the dabases in Information TechnologyNELLI EXERCISE 2 Think of an interesting field in IT and search for eJournals in that area. Choose and save at least 3 you might read in the future. Check if they are peer-reviewed. EXERCISE 3 Search for ebooks in Computer Science – what resources can you find?
Think of an interesting topic in your field and browse though different journals to find an article Choose one article published 2009-2012 (4-10 pages) Bring it with you next time
Evaluating results When evaluating the results, consider the following questions: Is the document relevant to your topic? Does the document meet the criteria of scientific quality ? Is the document reliable? How current is the document? Is the document available and at what cost?