Analogy RL8.4 A literary analogy is a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it. It aims at explaining that idea or thing by comparing it to something that is familiar. Metaphors and similes are tools used to draw an analogy. Therefore, a literary analogy is more extensive and elaborate than either a simile or a metaphor
Consider the following example: “Structure of an atom is like a solar system. Nucleus is the sun and electrons are the planets revolving around their sun.” Here an atomic structure is compared to a solar system by using “like”. Therefore, it is a simile. Metaphor is used to relate the nucleus to the sun and the electrons to the planets without using words “like” or “as’. Hence, similes and metaphors are employed to develop an analogy.
You use analogies all the time… Life is like a race. The one who keeps running wins the race and the one who stops to catch a breath loses. Just as a sword is the weapon of a warrior, a pen is the weapon of a writer. How a doctor diagnoses diseases is like how a detective investigates crimes.
Familiar to the unfamiliar Writers use analogies to link an unfamiliar or a new idea with common and familiar idea. It is easier for readers to comprehend a new idea, which may have been difficult for them to understand otherwise.
Charlie uses an analogy during “the incident of the broken dishes” While reflecting on the busboy’s mishap of dropping the tray, Charly remembers that the boy “broke into an uncertain grin at the joke which he obviously did not understand” (Keyes 207) He goes on to say, “Even a feeble-minded man wants to be like other men” (Keyes 208).
Here comes the analogy… And then Keyes uses an analogy to help the reader understand: “A child may not know what to feed itself, or what to eat, yet it knows of hunger.” In your writer’s notebook, explain what he is talking about above. What does it mean? (Think in terms of child=baby)
And then, think about how that statement can be used to explain the struggle of an intellectually disabled man… So a child feels the need for something, but doesn’t know how to get it or what exactly he wants. An intellectually disadvantaged man feels the need for something, but doesn’t know how to get it or what exactly what he wants.
So… What does the child want? Food, of course. This is a little bit tougher: What does the intellectually disadvantaged man want?