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Presentation on theme: "CARING AS A CORE CONCEPT IN MIDWIFERY EDUCATION Ms. ME. Chokwe Supervisor: Prof SCD. Wright."— Presentation transcript:


2 INTRODUCTION Caring is abstract and difficult to measure, but a core concept for midwifery education (Karaöz, 2005:32. ICM states that midwifery educators are guardians of safe, competent and respectful midwifery care, They must understand their own values to create an environment which emphasises caring attributes (ICM 2008:1).

3 Having interest, strong feelings and concern for others (Watson, 2007:132) Despite caring being central to midwifery profession, Caring taught to learners theoretically does not always translate to caring behaviour (Meadows, 2007:160). BACKGROUND

4 The challenge facing midwifery educators is to facilitate the processes through which learner midwives can be socialised into caring as the professional foundation for midwifery practice The educators must provide learners with the necessary tools during theoretical presentation that can increase their understanding of caring to ensure that sensitive caring professionals are developed (Chokwe, Wright & Erasmus, 2010:3). BACKGROUND CONT.

5 Learner midwives expressed that the clinical environment was uncaring, hostile and did not support caring as learned in class The study aimed at identifying the gaps that might have contributed to some of the uncaring behaviours which they experienced during the clinical placement What does caring mean and how is caring conveyed to learner midwives during work integrated learning (WIL). RESEARCH PROBLEM

6 Philosophy of Swanson’s Theory of Caring comprising of five key elements : maintaining belief: promoting faith, trust and empower knowing :striving to understand an event as it has meaning to the other; being with: emotionally present to the other; doing for: helping an individual to perform that task independently if able to; and enabling: making it possible for someone to pass through an unfamiliar life event or transition. THEORETICAL FOUNDATION

7 Lincoln & Guba (1985) credibility, transferability, dependability Ethical consideration Ethical consideration Ethics Committee of TUT and the faculty Gauteng Provincial Health Department Participation was voluntary with written consent Ethical principles Ethical principles Principle of respect for persons Autonomy Principle of beneficence Principle of justice TRUSTWORTHINESS

8 The strategy and design: The strategy and design: qualitative, exploratory : Context: educational institutions in Gauteng, SA Population Population: midwifery educators, purposive and convenient: Data gathering methods- Data gathering methods- Narratives: ‘what does caring mean to you and how do you convey caring to learner midwives during theoretical presentation and WIL?’ RESEARCH METHODS AND DESIGN

9 Hermeneutic interpretive approach (Speziale & Carpenter,2007:88) naive reading structural analysis interpretation of the whole Saturation DATA ANALYSIS

10 FINDINGS THEMESCATEGORIES The meaning of caring: a). a). Attending to individuals’ needs, b). Showing respect for human-kind c)Caring is an expression of professionalism Conveying caring during theoretical presentation a). Being a good role model and showing respect b). Providing individualised attention and care c). Being supportive Conveying caring during WIL a). Respect for individuality b). Being compassionate, kind and approachable c). Being conscientious

11 The meaning of caring a) Attending to an individuals’ needs: ‘Caring means to look after someone and being sensitive to their needs.’ b) Showing respect for human-kind: ‘Caring is respect for the individuality of persons.’ c)Caring is an expression of professionalism: ‘Principles like beneficence and respect promote caring.’ FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

12 Conveying caring during theoretical presentation a)Being a good role model and showing respect: ‘Committed to one’s work, giving your time, service and holistic attention to the other.’ b)Providing individualised attention and care : ‘Assisting them to overcome their learning problems, through remediation sessions.’ c) Being supportive: ‘Caring is the ability to help another with love.’ FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

13 Conveying caring during work integrated learning a)Respect for individuality: ‘Showing respect convey a message of caring to students and patients.’ b)Being compassionate, kind and approachable : ‘Touch, comforting, encouraging compassionate, being kind and gentle.’ c)Being conscientious: ‘Midwife’s ability listening responsively, and saying supportive words.’ FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

14 Midwifery educators v iewpoint of attending to the learners needs is in agreement with Swanson’s theory, stating caring as being emotionally present to the other, and Enabling someone to pass through an unfamiliar life event safely (Dickson, 1996:21) Aspects of good role modelling, respect, and being supportive are in agreement with Swanson theory stating being emotionally present which enables a person to face the future with a positive meaning DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

15 Respect for individuality, being compassionate, kind, approachable and conscientious. The same notion is held by Gallagher (2007:36) that respect requires effort, paying attention, active listening and working with the others appropriately. DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

16 Focus group would have enriched the data The findings cannot be generalised. Recommendations Caring should be central in the mentoring of the neophytes Midwifery educators should model and emphasise caring during theory presentation and WIL. Further studies on caring as a core concept in midwifery education should be conducted. STUDY LIMITATIONS

17 Caring as an abstract concept needs further research. Midwifery educators are challenged to reinforce and incorporate caring in theoretical presentation and work integrated learning.. CONCLUSION CONCLUSION


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