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 The words and/or phrases that surround an unknown word.  When combined with prior knowledge, context clues give hints to the meaning of unknown words.

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Presentation on theme: " The words and/or phrases that surround an unknown word.  When combined with prior knowledge, context clues give hints to the meaning of unknown words."— Presentation transcript:

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2  The words and/or phrases that surround an unknown word.  When combined with prior knowledge, context clues give hints to the meaning of unknown words.  They can be found in the same sentence or in surrounding sentences.  Context Clues Video Context Clues Video

3 Definition Synonym Antonym Comparison and Contrast Restatement Example General Clues

4  The definition of the unknown word is directly stated in the text.  A definition clue is often set off by commas, or dashes.  Example  Sometimes the explorers encountered leads, open channels of water, and were forced to wait until the ice formed before going on.

5  An unknown word is paired with a word having the same or nearly the same meaning.  A synonym clue is usually set off by a comma.  Example  Hurricane Ike caused catastrophic, disastrous damages in Texas.

6  An unknown word is paired with a word that means the opposite.  Look for clue words that indicate contrast  but, however, instead of, unlike, on the other hand  Example  The cashier was polite, unlike the customer, who was quite curt to her.

7  In comparison clues, the writer suggests the meaning of an unknown word by comparing it to something similar.  In contrast clues, the writer suggests the meaning of an unknown word by pointing out the differences.  Example  The twins barreled through the living room like a tornado.

8  When a writer restates an unknown word in easier language, it is a restatement clue.  Usually commas or dashes separate a restatement clue.  Look for clue words that show restatement  that is, in other words, and or  Example  The boy put together a hand-collated set of trading cards; in other words, he put together a set of trading cards by hand.

9  In an example clue, the writer provides several words that are examples of an unfamiliar word.  Look for key words that indicate an example is provided  for example, for instance, including, such as  Example  Looking out the window, I could see the beautiful delphiniums. They were nestled among the roses, daisies, and daffodils.

10  Sometimes you need to infer the meaning of an unfamiliar word by reading non-specific clues in a number of sentences.  Remember to look for clues over several sentences.  Example  Kevin set out the broom, a dustpan, dusting rag, vacuum cleaner, and three trash bags before beginning the monumental task of cleaning his bedroom.

11  TV411 TV411  Multiple Choice Multiple Choice  Matching Matching

12  Applebee, Arthur N. "Vocabulary Handbook." The Language of Literature. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, R Print.  FOR-PD. "Florida Online Reading Professional Development." University of Central Florida, Web. 7 Sept


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