2What is a context clue?The words and/or phrases that surround an unknown word.When combined with prior knowledge, context clues give hints to the meaning of unknown words.They can be found in the same sentence or in surrounding sentences.Context Clues Video
3Types of context cluesDefinition Synonym Antonym Comparison and Contrast Restatement Example General Clues
4Definition ClueThe definition of the unknown word is directly stated in the text.A definition clue is often set off by commas, or dashes.ExampleSometimes the explorers encountered leads, open channels of water, and were forced to wait until the ice formed before going on.
5Synonym ClueAn unknown word is paired with a word having the same or nearly the same meaning.A synonym clue is usually set off by a comma.ExampleHurricane Ike caused catastrophic, disastrous damages in Texas.
6Antonym ClueAn unknown word is paired with a word that means the opposite.Look for clue words that indicate contrastbut, however, instead of, unlike, on the other handExampleThe cashier was polite, unlike the customer, who was quite curt to her.
7Comparison and Contrast Clues In comparison clues, the writer suggests the meaning of an unknown word by comparing it to something similar.In contrast clues, the writer suggests the meaning of an unknown word by pointing out the differences.ExampleThe twins barreled through the living room like a tornado.
8Restatement ClueWhen a writer restates an unknown word in easier language, it is a restatement clue.Usually commas or dashes separate a restatement clue.Look for clue words that show restatementthat is, in other words, and orExampleThe boy put together a hand-collated set of trading cards; in other words, he put together a set of trading cards by hand.
9Example ClueIn an example clue, the writer provides several words that are examples of an unfamiliar word.Look for key words that indicate an example is providedfor example, for instance, including, such asExampleLooking out the window, I could see the beautiful delphiniums. They were nestled among the roses, daisies, and daffodils.
10General CluesSometimes you need to infer the meaning of an unfamiliar word by reading non-specific clues in a number of sentences.Remember to look for clues over several sentences.ExampleKevin set out the broom, a dustpan, dusting rag, vacuum cleaner, and three trash bags before beginning the monumental task of cleaning his bedroom.
12With help from…Applebee, Arthur N. "Vocabulary Handbook." The Language of Literature. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, R Print.FOR-PD. "Florida Online Reading Professional Development." University of Central Florida, Web. 7 Sept <http://www.robeson.k12.nc.us/cms/lib6/NC /Centricity/Domain/2567/ContextCluesChart.pdf>.