Context Clues refer to the words and sentences surrounding an unfamiliar word. If you do not know a word you can look within the sentence or in the sentence before or after and it should help you find the words meaning
How do you use context clues to unlock a difficult words meaning? Synonym: words with similar meanings The Magi, as you know were the wise men. Antonym: words with opposite meanings Her eyes were shining brilliantly, but her face has lost its color within twenty seconds Definition: explanation of a words meaning Something fine and rare and sterling- something just a little bit near to being worthy of the honor of being owned by Jim. Elaboration: additional information about the meaning, such as a description. Perhaps you have seen a pier-glass in an $8 flat. A very thin and very agile person may, by observing his reflection in a rapid sequence of longitudinal strips, obtain a fairly accurate conception of his looks.
Comparison: the unfamiliar word is similar to a familiar word. Dissension closely resembles disagreement Contrast: the unfamiliar word is opposite of a familiar word Constructive criticism can be helpful; however, criticism without foundation can be harmful. Examples: the meaning is explained through one familiar case Fran loves to study mammals such as kangaroos Cause and Effect: the unfamiliar word describes a cause in a sentence in which the effect is understood. Garret had to fly stand-by; therefore, he was not sure he would get a seat on the 5 o’clock flight.
Jim was ransacking all the closets and every drawer in the house looking for his lucky hat. Far from being clumsy, computer repair men have great dexterity handling the small tools they use to fix the tiny computer parts. The baseball coach tried to coax Max with flattery to get him to join the team. After the subpoena was delivered to the witness, she knew she would have to answer questions in court. The labyrinth was made of hedges. They were too tall to see over and too thick to pass through. I had to follow the winding path. The path twisted and turned, as it lead to the center.
For each word I am going to portray a sentence from the story. From that sentence try and figure out what your vocabulary word means and write down a suitable definition!
“With them, beauty, grace, and charm take the place of birth and breeding. Their nature poise, their instinctive good taste, and their mental cleverness are the sole guiding principles which make daughters of the common people the equals of ladies in high society.” Poise: (beauty, grace, charm, good taste, mental cleverness) calm or confident manner
“She would dream of great reception halls hung with old silks, of fine furniture filled with priceless curios, and of small, stylish, scented sitting rooms just right for the four o’clock chat with intimate friends, with distinguished and sought- after men whose attention every woman envies and longs to attract.” Intimate: (small, just right, 4 o’clock chats) personal or private
“ ‘My, but you’re silly! Go see your friend Mme. Forestier and ask her to lend you some jewelry.’ The next day she paid her friend a visit and told her of her predicament. Mme. Forestier went toward a large closet with mirrored doors, took out a large jewel box, brought it over, opened it, and said, ‘Pick something out, my dear’” Predicament: (lend, visit) unpleasant situation
“She thought it over for several seconds, going over her allowance and thinking also of the amount she could ask for without bringing an immediate refusal and an exclamation of dismay from the thrifty clerk.” Thrifty: (allowance, dismay ) frugal
And, clad like a peasant woman, basket on arm, guarding sou by sou her scanty allowance, she bargained with the fruit dealers, the grocer, the butcher, and was insulted by them. Scanty: (guarded, allowance, bargained) scarce or limited
“ ‘Yes I’ve had a hard time since last seeing you. And plenty of misfortunes- and all on account of you!’” Misfortunes: (hard times) bad luck
The author writes for many purposes Inform: To relay information to the reader Most articles in the newspaper are written to inform you. Describe: To give a mental picture to the reader through descriptive words Most fiction is very descriptive. Radio ads are very descriptive because the “reader” cannot see the ad Entertain: to bring joy, or humor, or any form of emotion to the reader. Most fiction is written to entertain Persuade: to convince the reader to one side or the other Some newspaper articles are written to persuade. Debates are posed to persuade.