4 Philosophy of Assessment Parent input and participation are essential, as it a team approach.It takes time to complete a FVA.The FVA should reflect real life learning and activities.It is key to determine the child’s learning style.Qualitative and quantitative skills should be noted in a FVA.
5 FACT FINDINGMedical InformationDevelopmental Information
6 The Visual Response Continuum Awareness →→→→Attention→→→UnderstandingLights →→→→→→ People →→→→ ObjectsFixation→→→→→→→→→→→→→ TrackingNear→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→ FarPeripheral →→→→→→→→→→→→CentralFamiliar →→→→→→→→→→→→→ UnfamiliarParts →→→→→→→→→→→→→→ WholesSimple →→→→→→→→→→→→→ ComplexLarge →→→→→→→→→→→→→ Small
7 Pieces of the FVA Puzzle Need for Rapport /Emotional SafetyFamiliar vs. Unfamiliar Settings / TasksEnviron-mental Control FactorsAttention to PositioningType of Sensory TargetsNeed for Wait TimeReading Child ResponseReviewing all Sensory Responses
8 Emotional Safety / Rapport The infant’s first tasks are attachment and sensory regulation. These are the building blocks to effective and efficient visual skill development.Stress will negatively impact visual performance.
9 Familiar vs. Unfamiliar “Authentic Assessment” in the early years:completing assessments in settings familiar to the childwith people who are familiar to the child.with objects that are familiar to the child.
10 Environmental Control Pay attention to:Focal Distance / Size / AngleLightingAuditory DistractionsVisual ClutterContrast / Color
11 Positioning Ensure the child is in a supported posture. Hips support = trunk support = head support.Focus should be on looking and not maintaining balance.
12 Vision is not the Only Learning Sense FVA should not be completed in isolation of other sensory assessment.Utilize other tools and other professionals to build a true perspective of child’s individual sensory learning profile.
13 Sensory Targets Be aware of the sensory hierarchy. Look for preferences.
14 Sequence of Sensory Development TouchVestibularTasteSmellAuditoryVision
15 Wait TimeBe patient – it may take some infants a very long time to initially respond to sensory stimuli.
16 FVA Components: First Glance Appearance of EyesPresence of NystagmusCorrective Lenses