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International Court Decisions: Electronic Access Faye Jones Spring 2006.

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1 International Court Decisions: Electronic Access Faye Jones Spring 2006

2 Challenges in International Legal Research Formal names and informal names International Court of Justice (ICJ) aka “World Court” Differing styles of publication patterns Ex., Charters, Gazettes, advisory opinions Terminology and citation forms that may be unfamiliar to many U.S. researchers Variety of sources: Primary sources, secondary sources, digests, bibliographies, Lexis, WL & the Internet

3 Beginning International Law Research Develop vocabulary Nutshell, hornbook, law review article, pathfinder, web site Best tutorials: Duke Law School and EISIL PPT and introductionDuke Law SchoolEISIL Find a guide to unfamiliar citation forms and abbreviations Bieber’s Dictionary of Legal Abbreviations, KF246 B (Copies at the Reference Desk and available for check out) Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations With a full citation, an Internet search may be helpful Ex., 36 ILR ILR 277 If you have the exact title, check Aleph, the library’s catalogAleph Find a research guide Search the Internet, Lexis or WL

4 Beginning Research: Find a Guide UN Documentation: Research Guide International Law Pathfinder HLS Research Guides International Courts and Tribunals Hastings ICJ Research Guide IALS Public International Law Research Guide (UK) FSU Research Guides Powerpoint presentations online via Google advance searchGoogle advance search Marci Hoffman, Researching Foreign Law, Advanced Legal Research, 11/10/2005, UC Berkeley

5 International Courts: Background Pre-WWII - small number of international courts and tribunals (ICTs) Post-WWII – proliferation of ICTs Criminal courts Human rights International trade Labor Regional

6 Impact of the Internet Most ICTs have put decisions online Official websites by agency, court or tribunal Fragmentation remains a challenge WorldLII – free-access, nonprofit, independent legal research resourceWorldLII WorldLII International Courts & Tribunals Project, 6 th Conf. on Law via the Internet, Paris, November 3-5, 2004WorldLII International Courts & Tribunals Project, 6 th Conf. on Law via the Internet, Paris, November 3-5, websites, no consolidation 30% no search engine 30% not searchable via Google 25% not in html format, offer few navigation aids

7 ICT Project: A response to fragmentation Project goals: searchability, consistency & decentralization wherever practical All final decisions of ICTs searchable together Not including interim decisions Consistent formatting of decisions E.g., ‘Context’ links to search terms Consistency in citation form Ex., McElhinney v. Ireland [2001] ECHR 754 Regional decisions on regional sites Ex., ECJ is on BAILIIBAILII French language decisions on Droit FrancophoneDroit Francophone

8 ICT Project Content As of November 2004: 20 ICTs nearly completed French & Spanish still being added Over 20,000 full-text decisions Other content to be added: Permanent Court of International Justice Other international criminal courts Database of Court statutes, rules, etc. Future: ICT cooperation Australian Research Council funding for back runs of decisions Possible collaboration with PiCT (Project on International Courts & Tribunals)PiCT Keep checking WorldLII for new contentWorldLII

9 WorldLII Searchability Searches Default is to search all decisions Popular combinations of databases allowed Individual courts or combinations allowed Searches can be repeated over larger collections Navigation Go directly to a case using ‘v’ Update (note-up) using ‘near’

10 Other Sites ECHR on HUDOC Searching by article number and section by outcome of the case Ex., search Conclusion section to see if there was a violation or if damages were awarded EISIL Electronic Information System for International Law Created by ASIL, American Society of International Law

11 Lexis International Law Topical Practice Area International News & Business (a very short sample) News & Business > Country & Region (excluding U.S.) News & Business Use checkboxes to select sources for searching across categories, pages, and tabs. Show Me... Country Reports (Walden) Americas (excluding U.S.) Country Briefings Asia Pacific World News,Bus Anal. & Country Info,and Selected Legal Texts and Codes Europe Worldwide Market Share European Union Middle East & Africa Afghanistan AlbaniaShow Me... Country Reports (Walden) Americas (excluding U.S.) Country Briefings Asia Pacific World News,Bus Anal. & Country Info,and Selected Legal Texts and Codes Europe Worldwide Market Share European UnionMiddle East & AfricaAfghanistanAlbania See online in Lexis for much more

12 Westlaw International Practice Topical Law International/Worldwide Materials Multi-National Materials Asia and the Pacific Rim Central America and the Caribbean European Union Europe and the United Kingdom Middle East and North Africa North America South America Sub-Saharan Africa Databases Listed Alphabetically by Country or RegionMulti-National Materials Asia and the Pacific Rim Central America and the Caribbean European Union Europe and the United Kingdom Middle East and North Africa North America South America Sub-Saharan Africa Databases Listed Alphabetically by Country or Region

13 Finding a Job in International Law Careers in International Law: a guide to career paths and internships in international law, American Society of International Law, (aka ASIL careers guide), Career Planning/Ref K115 I International Public Interest Law: a guide to opportunities in the U.S. and abroad, (Joint Harvard/Yale project), 4 th ed., Career Planning/Ref KF118 P82 P LLM Guide Worldwide FSU resources Terry Coonan, Center for the Advancement of Human RightsCenter for the Advancement of Human Rights Mark Ellis, International Bar AssociationInternational Bar Association Professor D’Alemberte Margaret Clark, Reference Librarian, , Oxford Program, Shirley Oglesby, , Reference Desk,


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