Presentation on theme: "WORLDWIDE STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION ASPECTS FOR TRANSITION COUNTRIES Presenter: BORIVOJ GALOVIC, Phd. Assistant profesor University of Zagreb – Croatia."— Presentation transcript:
WORLDWIDE STANDARDS IMPLEMENTATION ASPECTS FOR TRANSITION COUNTRIES Presenter: BORIVOJ GALOVIC, Phd. Assistant profesor University of Zagreb – Croatia Faculty of traffic and transport engineering “TRANSITION COUNTRIES”: Former Eastern block states –behind the “Iron Curtain”- oriented and in transition toward “free world”: and/or States in transition from communistic centralism system to free market economy
Barriers to join international aviation transport Transition countries in the west-world aviation are “new in the game” experiencing radical environmental and unfamiliar changes, with trends towards greater deregulation and market in which prices are determined by unrestricted competition; “Money is the name of the game” in which lack of finnancial power to change East-made fleet, tools and equipment (uncertified in accordance with FAR/JAR Standards) makes them incapable; All of it came at once -newly established administration & organization, present demands to complete numerous training programs and gain new skills, acceptance of new Standards etc.
Safety aspects Question of “Safety versus profit” appears always when raising deregulation and market competition is evident; Standards by themselves does not guarantee safety, but forms and provide fundaments to establish and organize mutual implementation for satisfactory level of safety; Recently purchaced Boeing or Airbus airplanes for which technology and standards transition countries and operators are not fully acquainted with, might jeopardize international aviation safety (if not helped);
Area applicability Geographicaly almost all transition countries are in Europe – almost about 25% of Europe’s area surrounding central Europe - with great number of states and air operators (cca 50 with cca 100 jets), considerable population and air traffic growth; all ICAO members, and most of them ECAC members, EUROCONTROL etc. – i.e. west orientated.
“TOP-DOWN” schematic diagram for “Recognizing the need for decision” A ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS B if it isn’t broke, don’t fix it! if the goose is giving golden eggs, why change her food mixture? Experiencing radical environmental changes! Experiencing competition on unfamiliar ground NO The need for change must be considered YES Enjoy with achieved & hard-earned success COMPLACENCY Fatique Ultimate failure Analyze and define options without constrains Clearly defined need for a change Selection of appropriate absolute & relative measures used in evaluating options Leadership Productive dissatisfaction External Quality Control Disrespect conventional wisdom Faster = more efficient Quality = goal in itself Down-sizing = more competitive Quantitative measures = essential True, if properly related to the real goals NO When fundations shifts and commitment culture is shaken – it’s hard to change ?
Summarized major obstacles transition countries are faced with: CAA Administration staff: separating from former centralized governmental system, a new (unskilled) administration is established; lack of experienced and aviation-professional administration staff; if there is experienced staff, the language problem is evident and makes it difficult; newly established government faces problem in differentiation between professional and politicaly loyal staff (CAA leadership) lack of legal administrator’s individuality
Legal problems: in many transition countries legal obstacles exist for adoption of “foreign” regulations not complying to State Constitution; most legal systems of transition countries don’t recognize institution of “Designated Representative” (DAR) to solve lack of professional administration staff;
Financial problems privatisation process is not completed, or obstacles exist for entering private or foreign capital; unfamiliar with free market economy system and strong competition, or not equiped for it; financial incapability to get rid of east-made fleet and equipment;
Future directions: PHARE ATS extensive programm (1990-2000) for Eastern European countries achieved exellent results, and could be used as a model for implementation of Worldwide Standards: Familiarize transition countries with FAR, JAR and harmonized FAR/JAR Standards – free sets or prescriptions; Review readiness (pre-audit) upon clearly defined application; Provide clear, exact and firm conditional instructions (eligible CAA staff, legal system changes etc.); Propose appropriate CAA organization; Propose additional training programms, on the job training and delegate supervisors; Propose financial support – linked with merging, pool agreements, joint investments etc. Provide frequent and regular audits/inspections