2To synthesize means to integrate two or more pre-existing elements which results in a new creation.
3Purpose: To Depict a Vision of Modern Urban Life by bringing together familiar scraps and unfamiliar forms in order to give shape to a particular sense of urban life on the eve of WWIby exploring the individual experiences associated with public spaces and urban recreationby using the language of publicity and commerce in an ambiguous manner to suggest a multiplicity of contradictory meanings, especially through punsby capturing the new sense of simultaneity of diverse experiences-the fusion of objects, people, machines, noises, light, smells, etc.
4Pablo Picasso before The Aficionado (summer-autumn1912).
5Pablo Picasso. Man with a Violin (spring 1912).Oil on canvas.
6Place Saint-André-des-Arts, Paris (1903-04). The photographer Eugène Atgetcaptures the excitement andapparent randomness of theinformation environment of themodern city.Paris street, 1906.
13Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Chair Caning (May 1912) Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Chair Caning (May 1912). Collage of oil, oilcloth, and pasted paper on canvas.
14Noun from the French verb coller: to glue CollageNoun from the French verb coller: to glue
15CharacteristicsA new relationship is enacted between “low” culture (mass culture) and “high” culture (professional art).This relationship is felt to be inappropriate, jarring, or wrong—yet interestingly so.The end result is irreverence, paradox, and perplexity.
16Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Chair Caning (May 1912) Pablo Picasso. Still Life with Chair Caning (May 1912). Collage of oil, oilcloth, and pasted paper on canvas.
17Pablo Picasso. The Scallop Shell “Notre Avenir est dans l’air” (May 1912). Oil on canvas.
18Cover of Nôtre Avenir est dans l’air, a brochure imploring France to improve its aviation. Braque and Picasso wereusing the slogan ironically, as to imply that France’s future was “in the air”.
19Georges Braque. The Clarinet (spring-late summer 1912).Oil on canvas.
20Pablo Picasso. The Poet(August 1911).Oil on canvas.Pablo Picasso. The Poet (summer 1912). Oil on canvas.
21Pablo Picasso. The Aficionado (summer 1912). Oil on canvas. This fan sits in front of aSpanish guitar and clutches abanderilla. His refined tastesare presented through his stiffcollar, top hat, and the newspaperLe Torero, as well as by thebottle of manzanilla sherry to hisleft.Pablo Picasso. The Aficionado(summer 1912). Oil on canvas.
22Pablo Picasso. Maquette for Guitar (October 1912).Construction of cardboard,string, and wire (restored).
23Pablo Picasso. Guitar and Sheet Music (October- November 1912). Pasted paper, pastel, and charcoal.
24Pablo Picasso. Guitar, Sheet Music, and Glass (after Le Journal, November 18, 1912, p. 1Pablo Picasso. Guitar, SheetMusic, and Glass (afterNovember 18, 1912). Pastedpaper, gouache, and charcoal.
25Pablo Picasso. Guitar, Sheet Music, and Glass (after This collage evokes a café, with its cheap wallpaper and humble guitar, where people would go to listen to music, read newspapers, and discuss the news of the day.Pablo Picasso. Guitar, SheetMusic, and Glass (afterNovember 18, 1912). Pastedpaper, gouache, and charcoal.
26Pablo Picasso. Glass and Bottle of Suze (after November 18, 1912). The subject evoked in the collageis the debating of political issueswith friends in a public place.Pablo Picasso. Glass andBottle of Suze (afterNovember 18, 1912).Pasted paper, gouache,and charcoal.
29Pablo Picasso. Guitar (winter ). Construction of sheetmetal, string, and wire.
30Pablo Picasso. Bowl with Fruit, Violin, and Wineglass(after December 2, 1912;completed after January 21,1913). Pasted paper, water-color, chalk, oil, and charcoalon cardboard.
31Pablo Picasso. Gas Jet and Guitar (winter ).Gouache and charcoal.
32Georges Braque. Pedestal Table (early 1913). Oil and charcoal on canvas.
33Pablo Picasso. “Au Bon Marché” (January 25-26, 1913). Oil and pasted paper on cardboard.
34This is a parody of the female’s dual role as a consumer and as “goods for sale”. A pasted lid from the lingerie department of the store Au Bon Marché combines with decorative wallpaper, glass on the right, a decanter on the left, and an ad from the department store Samaritaine. Picasso cuts the ad to focus on a modern woman, with her modern hair cut and her gesture of vanity. A number of elements cut off from their context in the newspaper are combined to suggest her availability: the price “2.85” and the words above “Method of Payment”, “Massage” and “Trou Ici”— meaning “hole here”.
35Construction mountedin Picasso’s Studio at 5 bis,rue Scheolcher, early 1913,including cardboardmaquette for Guitar.Photographed by the artist.Construction no longer extant.
36Pablo Picasso. Man with a Guitar (spring 1913). Ripolin (shinyenamel house paint) on canvas.
37Georges Braque. Violin and Glass (spring 1913). Oil,charcoal, and pencil on canvas.
38Pablo Picasso. Guitar (after March 31, 1913). Pasted paper, charcoal, ink, and chalk.
39Pablo Picasso. Bar Table with Guitar (spring 1913). Chalk, and pasted and pinned paper.
40Pablo Picasso. Head of a Man With a Moustache (afterMay 6, 1913). Charcoal and ink on newspaper.
41Pablo Picasso. Head (May- June 1913). Pasted paper,charcoal, and pencilon cardboard.
42Pablo Picasso. Bottle of Vieux Marc, Glass, Guitar, and Newspaper (spring 1913). Pasted paper and ink.
43Georges Braque. Clarinet (summer 1913). Pasted paper, oil, charcoal, chalk, and pencil on canvas.
44Pablo Picasso. Mandolin and Clarinet (autumn 1913).Construction of paintedwood with pencil marks.
45Georges Braque. Woman with a Guitar (autumn 1913). Oiland charcoal on canvas.
46Pablo Picasso. Card Player (winter ). Ripolin paint on canvas.
47Georges Braque. Violin and Pipe “Le Quotidien” (after December 20, 1913). Chalk, charcoal, and pasted paper.
48Georges Braque. Glass and Bottle (winter ). Charcoal and pasted paper.
49Georges Braque. Bottle of Eau-de-Vie (early1914). Oil on canvas.