Presentation on theme: "Understanding Intercultural Communication Second Edition"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Intercultural Communication Second Edition Chapter 5What is Culture Shock?Stella Ting-Toomey & Leeva C. ChungOXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESSPowerPoint Slides Designed by Alex Flecky and Noorie Baig
2 TODAY’S MENU I. Unpacking Culture Shock II. Intercultural Adjustment: Developmental PatternsIII. Reentry Culture ShockIV. Intercultural Reality Check: Do-Ables
3 I. Unpacking Culture Shock Considering Culture Shock …Have you ever experienced culture shock? Share a story…What were you experiencing emotionally?What caused your anxious feelings?How did you handle the culture shock situation?In retrospect, would you like to have handled the situation differently?What does culture shock mean to YOU???
4 I. Unpacking Culture Shock Characteristics of Culture ShockCulture Shock: a stressful transitional period when individuals move from a familiar cultural environment to an unfamiliar one.Watch a group of Sudanese men as they experience culture shock, arriving in the United States for the first time. Click here.YouTube Clip: Cultural Differences National Geographic
5 I. Unpacking Culture Shock ABCs of culture shock:Affectively, sojourners often feel anxiety, bewilderment, confusion, disorientation, and intense desire to be elsewhere.Behaviorally, they are confused as to norms and rules that guide communication appropriateness and effectiveness.Cognitively, they lack competence to interpret or explain “bizarre” behaviors.
6 I. Unpacking Culture Shock B. Pros and Cons of Culture ShockC. Approaching Culture Shock: UnderlyingFactorsMotivation OrientationPersonal ExpectationsCultural DistancePsychological AdjustmentSociocultural AdjustmentCommunication CompetencePersonality Attributes
7 A Mini-Experiential Exercise “Writing with My Non-Dominant Hand…”2 Writing Rules:1) Write with your non-dominant hand.2) Write from right to left.Reflection:What did you experience? What did you feel?What did you learn?
8 I. Unpacking Culture Shock D. Initial Tips to Manage Culture Shock1. Increase motivation to learn about the new culture.2. Keep expectations realistic and increase familiarity with diverse facets of new culture.3. Increase linguistic fluency and appropriateness and understand core values linked to specific behaviors.4. Work on tolerating ambiguity and other flexibility attributes.5. Develop close friends and acquaintanceships to manage identity stress and loneliness.6. Be mindful of suspending ethnocentric evaluations of interpersonal behaviors of host culture.
9 II. Intercultural Adjustment: Developmental Patterns A. The U-Curve Adjustment Model1. Initial adjustment: optimistic or elation phase.2. Crisis: stressful phase when sojourners are overwhelmed by own incompetence.3. Regained adjustment: settling-in phase, involving effective coping.
10 II. Intercultural Adjustment: Developmental Patterns B. The Revised W-Shape Adjustment Model
11 STAGES: A. Honeymoon B. Hostility C. Humorous D. In-Sync II. Intercultural Adjustment: Developmental Patterns The Revised W-Shape Adjustment ModelSTAGES:A. Honeymoon“Everything is Beautiful”B. Hostility“Everything is Ugly”Three types of reaction: Early Returnees, Time Servers, or ParticipatorsC. Humorous“Everything is Quite Funny”Rebounding stageD. In-Sync“Everything is OK”
12 “Everything is Sweet & Sour” II. Intercultural Adjustment: Developmental Patterns The Revised W-Shape Adjustment ModelE. Ambivalence“Everything is Sweet & Sour”Departure stageF. Re-Entry Culture Shock“Everything is Off Center”G. Re-Socialization“Everything is Home Again… Maybe?!”Resocializers, Alienators, Transformers
13 Media Activity: The Namesake film clip Discussion Questions: II. Intercultural Adjustment: Developmental Patterns The Revised W-Shape Adjustment ModelMedia Activity: The Namesake film clipDiscussion Questions:What is your reaction to this clip?Where is Ashima in the W- shape model? Can you describe her feelings?How do you think her husband, Ashok, could better prepare his wife for the American cultural experience?What can Ashima do (how might she reach out to seek help) to reach the in-sync stage?
14 III. Re-entry Culture Shock If you have experienced re-entry culture shock:Did you experience any re-entry culture shock stress? How so?Any tips to make the re-entry culture shock less stressful?
15 IV. Intercultural Reality Check: Do-Ables Realize that culture shock is inevitable.Maintain an ethnorelative attitude.Acknowledge your roller-coaster emotions.Reach out and seek help when needed.There are many caring individuals and resources out there awaiting to help you.Take care of your physical & mental health daily.Do something creative every day – write your travel blogs, express yourself in a journal, snap fun photos.Stay in touch with supportive others.
16 Parting Thoughts… When you leave one home for another, there’ll always lessons to be learned ~ Kofi Annan