Presentation on theme: "Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Accessibility essentials Accessibility should be about removing barriers…. ….not creating them. Accessibility is relevant."— Presentation transcript:
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Accessibility essentials Accessibility should be about removing barriers…. ….not creating them. Accessibility is relevant for all learners, not just disabled learners. Alistair McNaught – Senior Advisor, JISC TechDis service
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis What is accessible teaching/learning about? Plain text. Video clip 1Video clip PowerPoint animation.PowerPoint animation Video clip 2.Video clip
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Implementing accessibility. There are alternative approaches to fulfilling the “anticipatory duty” of the DDA. Each rests on different assumptions.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Implementing accessibility 1 Approach: Ensure multiple versions of resources exist, designed for different access needs. Assumptions: * There is a large time/money budget to create resources. * There is a correlation between a particular disability and a particular solution. * Staff creating resources have a wide range of technical skills.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Implementing accessibility 2 Approach: Ensure each resource is “designed for all” using web accessibility guidelines in order to be accessible to any learner. Assumptions: * It is possible to design a resource so that it adds value equally to all learners. * Staff creating resources are creating them in html (hypertext markup language). * Staff creating resources will learn how to implement the technical guidelines.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Implementing accessibility 3 Approach: Ensure staff get training to develop the range of tools/resources in their repertoire. Assumptions: * By increasing creative opportunities open to teaching/learning staff, they can be more responsive to learner needs. * Staff will be prepared to change and develop their teaching styles. * The institution will tolerate resources with sub optimal accessibility provided no actual learner is disadvantaged.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Difficulties with traditional hard- copy text Difficulty in accessing printed materials Difficulty in making sense of what is written down –Unfamiliar vocabulary –Unfamiliar context –Difficulty in unpicking key arguments/themes Font – size, style or colour Background colour Physical difficulties in handling printed materials Issues Learners affected Learners with vision impairments, dyslexia or strong visual learning styles. All learners affected if limited copies or high concurrent demands. Many learners affected particularly those with specific language difficulties (ESOL or Deaf students) and Dyslexia. Learners with motor difficulties or hidden disabilities (eg chronic fatigue syndrome).
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Benefits of online Text resources: 1 - Visual adjustments Change the size, style and colour of font Magnify text – with line reflow; Word, PDFWordPDF Change the background colour in a specific word document Change to a different line spacing Using inbuilt heading styles and document mapdocument map
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Benefits of online Text resources: 2 - Accessing the meaning Inbuilt tools – Thesaurus, Translation. Document map - thesis before / after.before after Supporting explanations – hyperlinks & screen tips.hyperlinks & screen tips
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Audio explanations – –Embedded sound in Word or PowerPoint (eg pronunciation of key terms). Eg: Earth history.Earth history –Text to speech via inbuilt functionality (eg Acrobat Reader) or third party software like NaturalReader. Acrobat Reader –Links to audio format eg MP3 file. IcelandIceland Benefits of online Text resources: 2 - Accessing the meaning
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Benefits for authors Auto-correct/Auto-text. Document map and outline views for planning and consistency. Auto table of contents. Auto captions. Planning in Outline view.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Play time Go to www.techdis.ac.uk/communitywww.techdis.ac.uk/community HE support Institute of Education training event Login as guest (click button) Download sample files
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Text – issues arising?
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis The natural habitat for Deer are the mountains and moorlands of Wales
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Typical deer habitat – excellent visibility gives early warnings; abundance of fresh water and a patchwork of different vegetation types
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis 170 º Click the button below to see the cone of vision for the deer Start
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Deer have excellent vision The eye is sited high in the skull on a prominent ridge of bone. This position gives a wide field of view – around 170 degrees.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis How are Deer adapted to their lifestyle? Move cursor over deer’s features for more information.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Deer are well adapted for their lifestyle. The highly sensitive nose contains many internal folds to maximise the surface area for sense cells. Large horns can be used for defense. Long, light legs allow rapid acceleration. Eyes wide apart means reduced binocular vision but improved field of view - important for a herbivore at the mercy of carnivores. Large, highly mobile ears allow high degree of hearing and a good ability to pinpoint the source of potential dangers.
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Accessible multimedia Samples: Sound drag ‘n drop – “Web pages & screenreaders” – Forth Bridge – JenkinsSound drag ‘n dropWeb pages & screenreadersForth Bridge Jenkins Multimedia may be an accessibility solution to another problem (e.g. text heavy resources) or the primary source of information. If the former, accommodations may not be necessary. If the latter you need to consider the learning objectives before deciding on the appropriate accommodation. Accommodations can add value to ALL users – eg biology video.biology video Accessibility accommodations may include: Sound Description of purpose Transcription of content: Ensuring sound is controllable and navigable. Video Appropriate narration Effective text descriptions - eg Scene description for VIPs Subtitling for deaf/HoH Signalling alternatives
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Accessibility accommodations include Appropriate narration Effective text descriptions - eg Scene description Subtitling Signalling alternatives “Don’t bother with this, it’s not worth it” Which would you recommend for the following: Forth Road BridgeForth Road Bridge – Scottish songsScottish songs What, how and why? ie purpose and learning objectives! Video IS an assistive technology (even without subtitling, captioning and long description) Subtitles etc might add accessibility to ALL users – sample 1sample 1 And subtitles are not difficult / expensive to produce – demo
Unlocking Potential Tech Dis Finally See TechDis staff packs – www.techdis.ac.uk/staffpackswww.techdis.ac.uk/staffpacks accessible e-learning, Benevolent Bill etc See TechDis Accessibility Essentials See TechDis website (Role>teaching and learning) See OU inclusive teaching site www.open.ac.uk/inclusiveteaching/index.php www.open.ac.uk/inclusiveteaching/index.php See Strathclyde Teachability http://www.teachability.strath.ac.uk/ Skills for access http://www.skillsforaccess.org.uk/
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