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© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 18© Boardworks Ltd 20061 of 18 Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities.

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Presentation on theme: "© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 18© Boardworks Ltd 20061 of 18 Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Boardworks Ltd of 18© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addressesExtension activities Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation Complex and Unfamiliar Words Year 8 Spelling Starters

2 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Contents Homophones and commonly confused words Complex words Word roots Spelling strategies © Boardworks Ltd of 18

3 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex and Unfamiliar Words – Homophones © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Homophones and commonly confused words

4 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 choose or chose? Do these words ever puzzle you? affect or effect? accept or except? practice or practise? principal or principle? quite or quiet? Commonly confused words lose or loose?

5 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Many commonly confused words are homophones – words which sound exactly the same but which are spelt differently. Some words are confused because, whilst not exactly the same, they sound or look very similar. Knowing the reason behind the difference may help you remember the word. Sometimes you may have to think up a little ‘trick’ or way of remembering how to spell the word – like sounding it out or with a mnemonic. Homophones I remind myself that ‘beautiful’ has a ‘u’ in it by remembering the phrase ‘u are beautiful’!

6 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 accept – a verb meaning to receive. except – a word meaning not including. affect – a verb meaning to influence or change. effect– a noun meaning a result. Homophones I’m sorry I gave everyone a Christmas present except you. I accept your apology. Working too hard can affect your health. But the effect of my hard work was a really good exam grade!

7 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 principal – an adjective meaning first, main or leading and a noun meaning leader. principle – a noun meaning a basic rule or belief. practice – a noun. practise – a verb. Homophones I think Mr Jackson’s principal reason for becoming principal of our school was his love of power. I’m going to disagree with you on a matter of principle. Do you want to come to football practice with me? No thanks, I need to practise my spelling!

8 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 weather – a noun meaning sunshine, rain, etc. whether – a conjunction meaning if. Homophones/commonly confused words chose – (rhymes with those) Past tense. choose – (rhymes with shoes) Present tense and infinitive. What’s the weather going to be like later? I don’t know whether it’s going to be sunny or rainy. I need to choose a pair of shoes for the dance on Friday. I already chose those red ones I told you about.

9 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Commonly confused words quite – an adverb meaning fairly or completely. quiet – an adjective or a noun meaning silent, silence. lose – (rhymes with whose) a verb meaning to not win. loose – (rhymes with truce) an adjective meaning not tight. I’m quite annoyed with Max. Only because he told you to be quiet in the library! Whose bracelet did you lose? Lei’s – it was too loose anyway, so we made a truce about it.

10 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Homophones

11 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex and Unfamiliar Words – Homophones © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex words

12 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex words

13 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex words

14 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex words

15 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex and Unfamiliar Words – Homophones © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Word roots

16 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Knowing about the roots (or stems) of words, particularly those with Latin and Greek roots, can help you get to grips with unfamiliar words. anti (against) + dote (given) = antidote abs (from, away) + tain (keep) = abstain contra (against) + dict (say) = contradict pro (onwards) + pel (drive) = propel Can you find examples of these roots in other words? How do the roots of these words help us to understand the meanings? (Check in a dictionary.) Roots of words

17 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Complex and Unfamiliar Words – Homophones © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Spelling strategies

18 © Boardworks Ltd of 18 Look for and study words that catch you out. Use the ‘look, say, cover, write, check’ technique to practise spelling difficult words. You may find looking at the roots of words helpful and learning the meanings of the different prefixes and suffixes, so that you can break long words into more manageable chunks. Splitting words into different syllables and sounding them out can help you to spell difficult words correctly. Remember to record new words in your spelling journal. Spelling strategies


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