4Commonly confused words Do these words ever puzzle you?accept orexcept?practice orpractise?affect oreffect?chooseor chose?principal orprinciple?quiteor quiet?lose orloose?
5HomophonesMany commonly confused words are homophones – words which sound exactly the same but which are spelt differently. Some words are confused because, whilst not exactly the same, they sound or look very similar.Knowing the reason behind the difference may help you remember the word.Sometimes you may have to think up a little ‘trick’ or way of remembering how to spell the word – like sounding it out or with a mnemonic.I remind myself that ‘beautiful’ has a ‘u’ in it by remembering the phrase ‘u are beautiful’!
6Homophones accept – a verb meaning to receive. except – a word meaning not including.I’m sorry I gave everyone a Christmas present except you.I accept your apology.affect – a verb meaning to influence or change.effect – a noun meaning a result.Effect can also be a verb meaning to bring about, e.g. ‘He effected the result with ease’.Worksheet One accompanies this slide.Working too hard can affect your health.But the effect of my hard work was a really good exam grade!
7Homophonesprincipal – an adjective meaning first, main or leading and a noun meaning leader.principle – a noun meaning a basic rule or belief.I think Mr Jackson’s principal reason for becoming principal of our school was his love of power.I’m going to disagree with you on a matter of principle.practice – a noun.practise – a verb.Worksheet One accompanies this slide.No thanks, I need to practise my spelling!Do you want to come to football practice with me?
8Homophones/commonly confused words weather – a noun meaning sunshine, rain, etc.whether – a conjunction meaning if.What’s the weather going to be like later?I don’t know whether it’s going to be sunny or rainy.chose – (rhymes with those) Past tense.choose – (rhymes with shoes) Present tense and infinitive.Worksheet One accompanies this slide.I need to choose a pair of shoes for the dance on Friday.I already chose those red ones I told you about.
9Commonly confused words quite – an adverb meaning fairly or completely.quiet – an adjective or a noun meaning silent, silence.I’m quite annoyed with Max.Only because he told you to be quiet in the library!lose – (rhymes with whose) a verb meaning to not win.loose – (rhymes with truce) an adjective meaning not tight.‘Loose’ can also be an archaic verb, e.g. ‘He loosed the hounds of hell’.Worksheet One accompanies this slide.Whose bracelet did you lose?Lei’s – it was too loose anyway, so we made a truce about it.
12Complex wordsWorksheet Three accompanies this slide. The students are asked to write the words that are being defined and so may benefit from the Flash activity more if they go through it in class together after completing the worksheet. Alternatively, you could go through the Flash activity in class and then the students would have to remember how to spell the words to complete the worksheet later.
13Complex wordsAn extension task could be to list other examples of words with these endings.Two words which may be interesting to discuss are ‘stationary’ and ‘stationery’, the respective meanings of which are ‘motionless’ and ‘writing/office materials’.Worksheet Three accompanies this slide.
14Complex wordsStudents could be encouraged to create their own quiz of really tricky words for a partner.Worksheet Four accompanies this slide.
16Can you find examples of these roots in other words? Roots of wordsKnowing about the roots (or stems) of words, particularly those with Latin and Greek roots, can help you get to grips with unfamiliar words.How do the roots of these words help us to understand the meanings? (Check in a dictionary.)anti (against) + dote (given) = antidoteabs (from, away) + tain (keep) = abstain contra (against) + dict (say) = contradictpro (onwards) + pel (drive) = propelWorksheet Five accompanies this slide.Some examples:anti-: antidepressant, antibody, anti-war, anti-clockwise-dote: anecdoteab-: absent, abscond, absolve, absorb, abstract-tain: obtain, attain, contain, detain, retaincontra-: contrary, contraception, contraband, contravene, contrast-dict: dictionary, predict, dictate, edict, dictatorpro-: proceed, progress, propose, prognosis, project-pel: repel, compel, expel, dispelCan you find examples of these roots in other words?
18Spelling strategiesLook for and study words that catch you out. Use the ‘look, say, cover, write, check’ technique to practise spelling difficult words.You may find looking at the roots of words helpful and learning the meanings of the different prefixes and suffixes, so that you can break long words into more manageable chunks.Splitting words into different syllables and sounding them out can help you to spell difficult words correctly.Remember to record new words in your spelling journal.