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© Boardworks Ltd 2003 1 of 13 Spelling Complex and Unfamiliar words This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are available in the Notes Page.

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Presentation on theme: "© Boardworks Ltd 2003 1 of 13 Spelling Complex and Unfamiliar words This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are available in the Notes Page."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 1 of 13 Spelling Complex and Unfamiliar words This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are available in the Notes Page. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable.

2 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 2 of 13 Complex and unfamiliar words I hate spelling! I always get words confused with each other. I find long words particularly tricky. Do you agree with these students? This presentation will give you some tips on coping with complex and unfamiliar words.

3 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 3 of 13 Do these words ever puzzle you? affect or effect? accept or except? practice or practise? principal or principle? choose or chose? quite or quiet? Homophones

4 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 4 of 13 Many commonly confused words are homophones – words which sound the same but which are spelt differently. Some words are confused because, whilst not exactly the same, they sound or look very similar. Read through the following examples, then test yourself with the quiz that follows. Knowing the reason behind the difference may help you remember the word. Sometimes you may have to think up a little ‘trick’ or way of remembering the word – like sounding it out. Homophones

5 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 5 of 13 accept A verb meaning to receive. I accept your apology. exceptA word meaning ‘not including’. Everyone was invited except Mona. affectA verb meaning to influence or change something. Alcohol can affect your health. effectA noun meaning a result. The effect of the fire was disastrous. (Effect can also be a verb meaning to bring about: He effected the result with ease.) Homophones

6 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 6 of 13 principalThis means first, leading or leader. He was the Principal of the college. principleThis means a basic truth or law. It was the principle of the matter. practiceA noun. She went to netball practice. practiseA verb. He needs to practise penalty kicks. Homophones chose (Rhymes with goes) Past tense. She chose to leave early. choose (Rhymes with shoes) Present tense and infinitive.You are free to choose.

7 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 7 of 13 weathersunshine, rain, etc. The weather is hot. whetherif I don’t know whether it’s right. Homophones quiteMeans fairly or completely. He was quite angry. quietsilent, silence. It was quiet in the library. lose (Rhymes with whose) Means to not win. He didn’t want to lose the race. loose(Rhymes with goose) Means to free or untie. She let the horse loose.

8 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 8 of 13 Homophones

9 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 9 of 13 Complex words

10 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 10 of 13 Complex words

11 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 11 of 13 Complex words

12 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 12 of 13 Roots of words Knowing about the roots of words, particularly those with Latin and Greek roots, can help you get to grips with unfamiliar words. anti (against) + dote (given) = antidote abs (from, away) + tain (keep) = abstain contra (against) + dict (say) = contradict pro (onwards) + pell (drive) = propeller Can you find examples of these roots in other words? How do the roots of these words help us to understand the meanings? (Check in a dictionary.)

13 © Boardworks Ltd 2003 13 of 13 To sum up Look out for some of the letter patterns we have identified. Look for and study words that catch you out. You may find looking at the roots of words helpful. Or you may just need to learn the words. Remember to record new words in your spelling journal.


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