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Examination of Ankle & Foot NOORA ALAMMADI
First we have to: LOOK FEEL MOVE
Look for: Asymmetry Deformity Scars Swelling Bruising Nail changes Hallux valgus or varus Alignment of heel & toes
Feel for: Tenderness Heat Stiffness Pulse Temperature Prominent landmarks (lateral and medial malleoli)
Check for Movements 1.Dorsiflexion 2.Plantar flexion 3.Inversion 4.Eversion 5.Abduction 6.Adduction 7.Movements of foot
Special Tests Ankle’s ligaments stability Integrity of Achilles tendon
Ankle’s ligaments stability Patient: supine position Grasp heel & stabilize leg Forcibly laterally or medially rotate ankle. Stress test of collateral ligament. Feel for any opening.
Ankle’s ligaments stability
Integrity of Achilles tendon Patient: prone position Flexing knee joint Squeeze calf muscles Normally leg will plantar flex little bit. If no movement => abnormal.
Foot and Ankle Examination
Foot & Ankle Examination. Subjective Age Occupation & Sport – sports, shoes, dominant foot Site - localised Spread - little Onset – overuse, trauma, insidious.
EXAMINATION OF THE FOOT AND ANKLE Dr. Mohammed Zaheer Dalati Senior Registrar Department of Orthopaedics College of Medicine King Khalid University Hospital.
Lower Extremity H&P: Foot/Ankle Exam
Evaluation of the lower leg , ankle & foot
Tests Used to Evaluate Knee Injuries
Foot & Ankle Examination Mazyad Alotaibi. Subjective Age Occupation & Sport – sports, shoes, dominant foot Site - localised Spread - little Onset – overuse,
Muscle Movements Every muscle attached to AT LEAST two points Origin Attached to immovable or less movable bone Insertion Attached to movable bone.
ANKLE JOINT Bony arrangement = stability
Rehabilitation after ankle sprain Dr. Ali Abd El-Monsif Thabet.
Special Tests For the Lower Leg and Ankle
Created by Terri Street for OKTechMasters © 2000 Adapted by Tom Gest, Anatomical Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, 2004 Questions developed.
Preventing Injury in the Lower Leg and Ankle Achilles Tendon Stretching –A tight heel cord may limit dorsiflexion and may predispose athlete to ankle injury.
Body Organization Review
ORIGIN attachment point that is most proximal; immovable or less movable bone.
Ankle Evaluation. History How did this injury occur? –Mechanism of injury When? Where does it hurt? Did you hear any sounds or feel a pop? Any previous.
Treatment Rationale: Terminology
Muscles of the Foot and Lower Leg
Ankle Evaluation. HI(O)PS History History Inspection/Observation Inspection/Observation Palpation Palpation Special Tests Special Tests.
Sports Med 2. The foot is critical in walking, running, jumping and changing direction 1) Shock absorber 2) Lever that propels the body forward, backward.
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