Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Study Guide Ancient Greece. 1. How were Mycenaeans different from Minoans? The Mycenaeans lived on the Greek mainland."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 8 Study Guide Ancient Greece
1. How were Mycenaeans different from Minoans? The Mycenaeans lived on the Greek mainland.
2. Why did the Greeks trade with other cultures? to obtain food To find products they needed To learn new ideas
3. How was a Greek colony similar to a polis? Both were independent
4. How did Greeks living in city-states begin to think of themselves? Overtime, the Greek people living in city-states thought of themselves as residents of the city-state, and not as Greeks.
5. Which leader in Athens was the best at democracy? Pericles
6. What is a representative democracy? A representative democracy is where citizens elect officials to make the laws.
7. What is an oligarchy? An oligarchy is a government in which only a few people have power.
8. How did people of Athens respond to Draco’s laws? The people of Athens felt that Draco’s laws were too strict.
9.Who ruled the city-states after the kings? After Greek city-states were ruled by kings, they were ruled by aristocrats.
10. Describe the first democracy in Athens? In the first democracy in Athens: All citizens had the right to participate in the assembly Every citizen had the right to speak Citizens could serve on smaller councils
11. How did the Greeks apply the Iliad and the Odyssey in everyday life? By trying to follow the examples of the great heroes in the story
12. What is a lyric poem? A lyric poem is a poem set to music
13. What myth explained volcanic eruptions? The myth about the god Hephaestus working in his fiery forge explained volcanic eruptions
14. Why did many ancient Greeks visit the oracle at Delphi? Greeks visited the oracle at Delphi to ask the god Apollo questions
15. How did Greeks strongly influence our language? Page 226 Many rich words and expressions come from Greek mythology Many prefixes, suffixes, and root words have Greek orgins
16. How have Ancient Greece myths influenced the way we live today? Many of our words and phrases have come from Greek myths, including the “Achilles’heel,” a “Herculean” task, and “titanic”, as well as geographic references like Europe and the Atlas mountains. Greek myths have also influenced western literature, art, and film. Movie – Troy Literature – The Olympians Art - Statues
17. Why did the Greeks feel the need to create city-states? City-states were created to combine many small groups to gain protection and stability.