4Safe Swim Defense Safe Swim defense: Q – Qualified supervision P – Personal Health ReviewS – Safe AreaR – Response personnel [lifeguards]L – LookoutA – ability groups3 Groups: Nonswimmer, beginners, and swimmerB – Buddy SystemD - DisciplineSafe = trained adult leaderNonswimmer = learning, beginner = can jump into deep water, swim 50 ft. and turn, swimmer passes test
5Safety Afloat Q – Qualified Supervision P – Personal Health Review S – Swimming AbilityP – Personal Flotation EquipmentB – Buddy SystemS – Skill ProficiencyP – PlanningP – Proper EquipmentD - DisciplineSwimming: need to pass swim test to operate, and no test = can ridePfd – uscgSkills:be goodPlanning – have a contingency plan
6BSA Swim Test 1) Jump feetfirst into water over your head 2) Swim 75 yards using the sidestroke, breaststroke, or trudgen crawl.3) Swim 25 yards using backstroke.Yards must be swum continuously and include one sharp turn.
7Survival FloatingTake a deep breath and relax face down. Keep your head by the surface and ensure that you can kick/reach back up to the surface.
8Clothing as a life jacket How to use pants as a flotation device1) Blow air into pocket2) Tie pant legs together with a square knot3) Close the fly4) Hold the waistband open just below the surface of the water. Cup your hand and splash it into your pants so that the air caught by your hand goes into your pants.
9Water Rescues Reach – Throw – Row – Go Reach – reach with hands, feet, or objectThrow – throw with an object like a buoyRow – go in a boatGo – swim out with a life preserver, or, in a worst case situation, by yourself. Exhibit great caution.NEVER attempt a swimming rescue unless you are a strong swimmer trained in lifeguarding. Use breastroke and wait until the person becomes calm
10CPR 1) Call 911 ASAP 2) Be aware of neck injuries 3) If there is water in the person’s mouth, turn them to the sideDon’t try to get other water out4) Open their airway5) Place your ear to their nose to check for breathing and watch for chest movement6) Blow into the person’s mouth, keeping their nose sealed. Make sure their chest rises.7) After 2 breaths, begin chest pumping. Place the heel of one hand over the other. For adults, press about 2 inches down at the nipple line. Do 30 chest compressions at about 100 compressions per minute. Allow the chest to rise and fall.