Presentation on theme: "The CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM STATION 3 Inspection, Palpation & Percussion of the Praecordium."— Presentation transcript:
The CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM STATION 3 Inspection, Palpation & Percussion of the Praecordium
INSTRUCTIONS There are 9 slides in this loop. Work through the slides and practice the examination on the SP. Listen to the recordings on slide 9. Please only move to the next station after the bell has rung.
INSPECTION cont. SCARS Median sternotomy coronary artery bypass surgery valve surgery Thoracotomy mitral valvotomy
PALPATION APEX BEAT 5 th intercostal space just medial to MCL; palpate with fingertips well localised area of impulse < size of R5 coin Displaces inferolaterally in ventricular enlargement or as a result of chest deformity, pleural / pulmonary disease Apex beat R5 coin
PALPATION APEX BEAT – the character Pressure loaded: systolic overloaded / hyperdynamic forceful & sustained impulse Volume loaded: diastolic overloaded / hyperkinetic unco-ordinated impulse felt over larger area than usual L ventricular dysfunction Double impulse: two impulses felt with each systole hyprtrophic cardiomyopathy Tapping apex beat: palpable first heart sound mitral stenosis
PALPATION cont. PARARSTERNAL HEAVE place heel of hand just lateral to the left parasternal border right ventricular enlargement & severe left atrial enlargement right ventricle pushed anteriorly & heel of hand lifted off chest wall with each systole THRILLS Thrills may also be described as palpable murmurs and are as a result of turbulent blood flow. Usually felt in the base and apex of the heart
PERCUSSION A technique you should all be comfortable with by now, can be used to define the cardiac borders.
AUSCULTATION Click on the following numbers below in sequence and listen to the recordings about normal heart sounds. 1 Introduction 2 Normal 1 st & 2 nd heart sounds 3 Production & components of 1 st sound 4 Normally split 1 st sound 5 Production & components of 2 nd sound 6 Fourth heart sound 7 Third heart sound