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Arctic Explorer: The Story of Matthew Henson Jeff Cole Bishop Elementary.

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Presentation on theme: "Arctic Explorer: The Story of Matthew Henson Jeff Cole Bishop Elementary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Arctic Explorer: The Story of Matthew Henson Jeff Cole Bishop Elementary

2 Background: Matthew Henson Proper Nouns- Capitalization-Peary, Matthew, Eskimos, Inuits, Artic, North Pole Proper Nouns- Capitalization-Peary, Matthew, Eskimos, Inuits, Artic, North Pole Italicize titles such as: North Greenland Expedition, Kite Italicize titles such as: North Greenland Expedition, Kite North Pole, 70 degrees north latitude North Pole, 70 degrees north latitude (the Arctic Circle)

3 Background: Matthew Henson Greenland is the largest island in the world and is a part of the North American Continent—the continent where we live.

4 Word Knowledge words that end with -s, -x, -ch, or -ss Walrus +es= walruses Fox + es= foxes Stitch + es= stitches Boss + es= bosses (read, questions, sentences, extention)

5 Word knowledge Greenland Eskimos AugustHenson Proper Nouns begin with CAPITOL LETTERS but common nouns do not! (read, questions, sentences, extension)

6 Word Knowledge Inexperiencedimpossibleindependentunfriendly in-, im, or –un mean not Change meaning of root words Experiencedpossibledependentfriendly Name other words with –in, im, or or –un. (read, questions, sentences, extension)

7 Word Knowledge Handshakemoonlightlifetimeunderstand From anthology selection and are compound words Name some other examples. (read, questions, sentences, extension)

8 Word Knowledge Sentences The startled walruses poked their heads out of the water. The startled walruses poked their heads out of the water. Identify the two words with the inflectional ending –ed Identify the two words with the inflectional ending –ed Startle as verb to startled used as an adjective Startle as verb to startled used as an adjective Poke from present to poked, the past tense. Poke from present to poked, the past tense.

9 Word Knowledge Sentences On June 21 Matt saw Greenland for the first time. On June 21 Matt saw Greenland for the first time. (Identify proper nouns) They did find some unfriendly walruses They did find some unfriendly walruses what part of speech is unfriendly, which word does it describe what part of speech is unfriendly, which word does it describe (unfriendly is an adjective and it describes the noun walruses) (unfriendly is an adjective and it describes the noun walruses) My grandfather has seen many changes in his lifetime. My grandfather has seen many changes in his lifetime. (which are compound words)

10 Vocabulary Ex-pe-di-tion Ex-pe-di-tion Art-ic Art-ic Gla-ciers Gla-ciers Constellation Constellation Insulation Insulation

11 Expedition Before he made this famous expedition he went on several trips to the artic with Robert Perry. Before he made this famous expedition he went on several trips to the artic with Robert Perry. Astronauts go on expeditions to find out more about space. Astronauts go on expeditions to find out more about space. Expedition – a journey made to accomplish something Expedition – a journey made to accomplish something Synonyms-outing, trip, excursion Synonyms-outing, trip, excursion

12 Arctic “It was June 1891,” Matt Henson wrote, “that I started my first trip to the arctic regions. “It was June 1891,” Matt Henson wrote, “that I started my first trip to the arctic regions. The trip to Greenland was Matt Henson’s first trip to the arctic journey. The trip to Greenland was Matt Henson’s first trip to the arctic journey. Arctic – having to do with the North Pole Arctic – having to do with the North Pole Synonyms-north, polar Synonyms-north, polar

13 glaciers Matt saw glaciers that looked like thick, flowing cream, frozen into white walls. Matt saw glaciers that looked like thick, flowing cream, frozen into white walls. Glaciers, huge, slow moving masses of ice, can cause damage to large ships. Glaciers, huge, slow moving masses of ice, can cause damage to large ships. Glaciers-large, slow moving masses of ice Glaciers-large, slow moving masses of ice Synonyms- none Synonyms- none

14 constellation While he watched the starts the Eskimos explained that the constellation he called the Pleiades was really a team of dogs chasing a polar bear. While he watched the starts the Eskimos explained that the constellation he called the Pleiades was really a team of dogs chasing a polar bear. The Little Dipper is a constellation, a group of fixed stars that have a name. The Little Dipper is a constellation, a group of fixed stars that have a name. Constellation – a group of fixed stars that have a name Constellation – a group of fixed stars that have a name

15 Insulation Even though Matt always covered the inside of his boots with soft dry moss for insulation, his heels froze. Even though Matt always covered the inside of his boots with soft dry moss for insulation, his heels froze. Insulation is used in houses to make sure they don’t lose heat. Insulation is used in houses to make sure they don’t lose heat. Insulation - a material that keeps heat from being lost Insulation - a material that keeps heat from being lost

16 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day 1 ( )- arctic, climate, crack, expedition, explore, explorer, Greenland, ice, North Pole, skill, supply, survive, unload Point to photograph on page 235 Point to photograph on page 235 How many woman are shown in this picture? _____________ shows_____________. (The picture shows one woman.) How many men are shown in the picture? _____________ shows ______________. (The pictue shows six men.) What is the main idea of this picture? The _____ shows that ______ woman and ______ men were in the expedition. (The picture shows that one woman and and seven men were in the expedition.)

17 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day 1 ( )- arctic, climate, crack, expedition, explore, explorer, Greenland, ice, North Pole, skill, supply, survive, unload Point to the picture on page 337 Point to the picture on page 337 Does the map show that Peary’s expedition happened in 1892 or 1982? Does the map show that Peary’s expedition happened in 1892 or 1982? The map shows that Peary’s ______ happened in ___________. The map shows that Peary’s ______ happened in ___________. (The map shows that Peary’s expedition happened in 1892.) (The map shows that Peary’s expedition happened in 1892.)

18 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day 1 ( )- arctic, climate, crack, expedition, explore, explorer, Greenland, ice, North Pole, skill, supply, survive, unload Does the map show that they explored Ellesmere? The map shows that the expedition explored a very large island named _____________. (The map shows that the expedition explored a very large island named Greenland.) What is the main idea of this map? The ______shows that Perry's ________ explored Greenland in ______. (The made shows that Perry's expedition explored Greenland in 1892.)

19 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day Polar bear, seal, reindeer, caribou, fox, Inuits, Eskimos, survive, hunt, fur, walrus Main Idea (340): The expedition needed the Eskimos to help them survive in Greenland. Detail: The expedition needed ____ men to help them __ Animals for ___ and furs. Detail: The expedition needed ___ woman to use the animal_____ to make warm______ to wear. The expedition needed the fur ____ to survive in the _____ climate of the _______. (1) The expedition needed Eskimo men to help them hunt Animals for meat and furs. (2) The expedition needed Eskimo woman to use the animal furs to make warm clothes to wear. (3) The expedition needed the fur clothes to survive in the cold climate of the Artic.

20 Main Idea: The expedition needed the Eskimos to help them survive in Greenland. While Matt finished the small wooden house, the other men went to find Eskimos to join their group. (The men would have to use sign language because none of them spoke Eskimo.) Peary (1) needed Eskimo men to help hunt polar bears and seals and walruses and reindeer and caribou and foxes for furs and meat. He (2) needed Eskimo women to chew the furs and sew them into pants and coats. The thickest wool coat from home would be useless in the Arctic; (3) they had to have clothing made of the same fur that kept the arctic animals warm. In exchange for their work. Peary would give the Eskimos pots and pans, needles, tools, and other useful items.

21 Day 3 ( )blubber, whip, fuel, chew, sledge, sinew, igloo Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Passage The Eskimos used everything around them to survive in the Artic. The Eskimos used the animal skins and ___ to make ____ and boots. The Eskimos used animal ____ and sinew to make needles and_____. The _____ used sledges pulled by ____ to travel. The Eskimos used the animal skins and furs to make clothes and boots. The The Eskimos used animal bones and sinew to make needles and thread. The Eskimos used sledges pulled by dogs to travel.

22 Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Pages serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous ____ did not _____ because______. ____ did not _____ because______. Why didn’t Matt cross the ice cap? Why didn’t Matt cross the ice cap? Matt did not cross the ______ because his _____ froze. Matt did not cross the ______ because his _____ froze. (Matt did not cross the ice cap because his heel froze.)  Why didn’t the Eskimos cross the ice cap?  The________ did not cross he ice cap because they_______ an evil spirit there. (The Eskimos did not cross he ice cap because they feared an evil spirit there.)

23 Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Pages serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous Why didn’t the rest of the men in the expedition cross the ice cap? Why didn’t the rest of the men in the expedition cross the ice cap? The rest of the ____did not cross the ________ because it was too hard and dangerous. The rest of the ____did not cross the ________ because it was too hard and dangerous. (The rest of the men did not cross the ice cap because it was too hard and dangerous.) (The rest of the men did not cross the ice cap because it was too hard and dangerous.)

24 Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Day 4 Identify Main Idea and Details (Reading 3.2) Pages serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous What is the main idea that these details support? What is the main idea that these details support? Only two ______ in the ________actually crossed the ice cap. Only two ______ in the ________actually crossed the ice cap. (Only two men in the expedition actually crossed the ice cap.) (Only two men in the expedition actually crossed the ice cap.)

25 Day 4 Comprehension Review Questions: Day 4 Comprehension Review Questions: Pages serious, share, law, war, fear, cross, ice cap, frozen, heel, dangerous What did Matt learn how to build when he went hunting with the Eskimos? What did Matt learn how to build when he went hunting with the Eskimos? How do you think sharing helped the Eskimos live without laws and wars? (Answers will vary!) How do you think sharing helped the Eskimos live without laws and wars? (Answers will vary!) Who were the first men to cross the ice cap of Greenland? Who were the first men to cross the ice cap of Greenland? What island did the expedition explore? What island did the expedition explore? Who taught the explorers how to survive in the Arctic? Who taught the explorers how to survive in the Arctic? Who led the expedition and was one of the first men to cross the ice cap in Greenland? Who led the expedition and was one of the first men to cross the ice cap in Greenland? What would you like about visiting the Arctic? What would you not like? Why? What would you like about visiting the Arctic? What would you not like? Why?

26 Day 5: Matthew Henson Quiz Picture pages Picture pages What main idea about the Eskimos does this picture show?  Picture pages 343 What main idea about the expedition does this picture show?  Picture 353 What main idea about the Eskimos does this picture show?  Map on page 337 Why didn’t the expedition find a way to get to the North Pole?


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