2 OBJECTIVES: List and describe some activity related physical injuries. List some guidelines for preventing injuries during physical activity.Explain how to apply the RICE formula to the treatment of physical injuries.Identify different types of risky exercises.
3 VOCABULARY YOU SHOULD KNOW: Biomechanical principlesLigamentMicro TraumaOveruse injurySide StitchTendon
4 COMMON INJURIES ?? What are they in your sport?? strains blisters sprainscutsbruisesfracturesdislocations
7 OVERUSE INJURY Caused by repetitive movement. Blister most common ShinsplintsRunners Heel
8 COMMON INJURIES “Side Stitch” Pain in lower abdomen due to vigorous activity.Press heel of hand while bending forward or backward.Micro= small trauma = injury:Microtrauma:Often won’t show up on x-ray. “overuse”
9 PREVENTING INJURIES How many bones? Held together how??? Muscle contraction =body movement.Biomechanical principles=1) Don’t force in direction not designed to go!Muscle contraction =
11 Preventing Injuries Biomechanical principles= 1) Don’t force in direction not designed to go!2) Movement shouldn’t over stress bones, tendons, ligaments or muscles.3) Balance muscle development. (“antagonistic”)
12 PREVENTION GUIDELINES: 1) Start Slowly2) Listen to body3) Warm-up/Cool downs4) Be Fit5) Moderation6) Dress Appropriately
17 HyperEXTENSIONOpposite of “flexion”Opposite of “flexion”
18 EXERCISES TO AVOID: Twisting motion: Friction = wear n tear on joints/tissue.
19 ?? REVIEW QUESTIONS ??1) What are some exercise related physical injuries?2) How can you prevent injuries during physical activity?3) How can the RICE formula be used to treat physical injuries?4) What are some different types of risky exercises?