Presentation on theme: "Click for Aid/CPR/AED Manual"— Presentation transcript:
1Click for Aid/CPR/AED Manual CPR ReviewClick for Aid/CPR/AED ManualClick for Quick reference adult (good for printing out and hanging on your wall)Click for quick references Child and Infant
2Why Should YOU Get Certified? Being certified in CPR and First Aid doesn’t only benefit yourself, but everyone around you because you never know when CPR will be needed. The American Red Cross has trained millions of people in first aid and CPR. These are the people who are dedicated to making the world a safer place for everyone! I hope you learned some important information about CPR and hopefully you want to get certified!
3How Do I renew my Certification? Certification for CPR and First Aid is easy to obtain!Just review the CPR PowerPoints to refresh your skills.Show up to take the test.You will have your new cards in one week!
4Noticing an emergency Unusual noises Unusual smells Unusual appearancesAlways use universal precautions to protect yourself and minimize risk of disease transmission
5The first important steps in giving CPR are…. The three C’s!!CHECKCALLCARE
7CHECKIs the scene safe?Check for anything unsafe, such as spilled chemicals, traffic, fire, and other hazardous items.Check a conscious person by: getting their consent, ask them about what happened, and do not touch or move painful areasIf no consent is given, DO NOT give care but do call 911Check an unconscious person by: tapping and shouting
8CALLCalling for help is often the most important action you can take to help an ill or injured person.If a person has trouble breathing Call 911 or the local emergency number (If there are other people at the scene, ask someone else to call for you to help!)If a person is unconscious call 911
9CAREOnce you have followed the first two C’s, you may need to give care until EMS personnel arrive. Follow these guidelines:Do no further harm. Move an injured person ONLY if the scene is unsafe, you need to reach someone more seriously injured, or you need to move the person to give care.If a person is in shock, DO NOT give them water.Help the person rest in the most comfortable position.Give any specific care needed.Let’s watch
10training department4/14/2017Chain of SurvivalIf the person in cardiac arrest is to have a 2nd Chance at Life, a series of critical events depicted by the “Chain of Survival” needs to occur. (Refer to the Slide.)Early Early Early Early Access CPR Defibrillation Advanced CareEarlyDefibrillationEarly CPR is important because it helps circulate the blood that contains oxygen to vital organs.training department
11Check the scene for safety Steps for Adult CPRCheck the scene for safetyMake sure there is nothing around that will cause you harm before approaching the victim. (gas, fallen power lines, etc.)
12Is person unresponsive? training departmentIs person unresponsive?4/14/2017Are youokay?Check the victim for a responseACTIVATE EMS CALL 911training department
13Maintain the airway open training department4/14/2017Open the airway&Maintain the airway open◦ place your hand on his forehead and gentlytilt his head back keeping your thumb and index finger free to close his nose if rescuebreathing is requiredHead tilt and chin lifttraining department
14training department4/14/2017Check for breathingKeeping the airway open, look, listen and feelfor normal breathing (Figure 2.6).• Look for chest movement.• Listen at the victim’s mouth for breathsounds.• Feel for air on your cheek.Look listen and feel for normal breathing & LOOK FOR SIGS OF LIFE for no more than 10 seconds.training department
16Place the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand. training department4/14/2017Land markpress down on thesternum 1 ½ to 2 incheskneel by the side of the victim◦ place the heel of one hand in the centre ofthe victim’s chest (Figure 2.8)◦ place the heel of your other hand on top ofthe first hand (Figure 2.9)◦ interlock the fingers of your hands andensure that pressure is not applied over thevictim’s ribs (Figure 2.10). Do not apply anypressure over the upper abdomen or thebottom end of the bony sternum (breastbone)◦ position yourself vertically above the victim’schest and, with your arms straight,Place the heel of one hand inthe centre of the victim’s chest.Place the heel of your otherhand on top of the first hand.press down on the sternum 4—5 cmtraining department
17training department4/14/201730 : 2After 30 compressions open the airway again using head tilt and chin lift give two breaths while watching the chest rise. Rescue Breaths should last for 1 second.Compression to ventilation ration is now universal – 30:2 for all single rescuers, except newborns.To give effective chest compressions, all rescuers should, “push hard and push fast” – Compress the chest at the rate of about 100 compressions per minute for all victims.Adult single and double rescuer-- 30 compressions to 2 in ventilations in 23 seconds (about 17 seconds for 30 compressions)Child and infant single rescuer 30:2Double rescuer 15:2Allow chest to recoil completely after compressionstraining department
18CPR-AdultThis Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for an adult! Click to watch the video! (you need to do this from your home computer because the web site is blocked on the school computers) I have videos you can barrow if you can’t get the link to work.Let’s watch
19Heart AttackChest PainDiscomfort tat lasts for more than 3-5 minutes
20Key Points to Adult CPRWere you paying attention? I hope so! Here are some Key point you NEED to remember!Check the person for consciousnessCall for help!Open the airway and look, listen, and feel for signs of life for no more than 10 seconds.Give 30 chest compressions with both hands then open the airway and give 2 rescue breaths each lasting 1 second.Continue the 30/2 ratio (5 cycles in 2 minutes) until EMT arrives or you are too exhausted to continue.Do NOT stop CPR to check for signs of life until an AED is ready, a trained responder arrives or the victim breathes on their own.
21Child CPR One year of age up to 8 training department4/14/2017Child CPROne year of age up to 8Ensure the safety of rescuer and child.Check the child’s responsiveness. Are they alertHave someone CALL 911 and get an AEDCare: open the child’s airway by tilting the head and lifting the chin.Keeping the airway open, look, listen and feel for normal breathing (NO MORE THAN 10 SEC)If the child is not breathingGive two initial rescue breaths each lasting 1 secondIf there is no pulse: The rescuer should provide 5 cycles (a cycle is 30 compressions and 2 breaths) of CPR (about 2 minutes)start chest compressions (1 to 1 ½ in.).Early CPR can keep vital organs aliveplace your hand on hisforehead and gently tilt his head backat the same time, with your fingertip(s)under the point of the child’s chin, lift thechin. Do not push on the soft tissues underthe chin as this may block the airway;Pinch the soft part of the nose closed with theindex finger and thumb of your hand on his forehead.• Open his mouth a little, but maintain the chinupwards.• Take a breath and place your lips around themouth, making sure that you have a good seal.training department
22Land mark To perform chest compression in children over training departmentLand mark4/14/2017To perform chest compression in children over1 year of age, Position yourself vertically above the victim’s chestplace the heel of one hand over the lower third of the sternum ( NIPPLE LINE LEVEL)with your arm straight, compress the lower third of the sternum. 1 in. to 1 ½ in. (avoid compressing the upper abdomen),training department
23CPR-ChildThis Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for a child! Click to watch the video!Let’s watch
24Key Points to Child CPRHere are some key points to Child CPR in case you missed them!The same first 3 steps apply for children as adults when giving CPR. (check for consciousness, call for help, care, open airway check for signs of life)After opening the airway, give 2 rescue breaths (1 every 3 seconds)Check for signs of lifeIf there are no signs of life, follow with 30 chest compressions with only one hand.Check for signs of life every 2 minutesContinue 30 to 2 ratio until EMT arrives.
25training department4/14/2017Infant CPRtraining department
26Infant CPR Check the scene safety training departmentInfant CPR4/14/2017Check the scene safetyopen the infant’s airway by tilting the head back ( do not hyperextend the neck )Keeping the airway open, look, listen and feel for normal breathing (NOMORE THAN 10 SEC)If the infant is not breathingGive two initial rescue breaths (1 breath every 3 seconds)The rescuer should provide 5 cycles (a cycle is 30 compressions and 2 breaths) of CPR (about 2 minutes)CALL 911 and start chest compressions (1/2 to 1 in)(100\min).Stop and check for signs of life every 2 minutestraining department
27Land mark 30\2 Compress the sternum straight down. training department4/14/2017Land mark30\2Compress the sternum straight down.Put one hand on the forehead and two fingers.½ in to 1 in.training department
28CPR- InfantThis Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for an infant! Click to watch the video! relatedLet’s Watch
29Key Points to Infant CPR Important things you need to know about Infant CPR!Checking for consciousness on a baby is different from an adult or child, you must tap their foot.Check for consciousness, call for help, open airway check for signs of life.An infant needs CPR if there is no breathing and no pulse.Give 2 rescue breaths then listen for signs of life. Follow with 30 chest compressions with only 2 fingers and not as much force.Continue 30 to 2 ratio until EMT arrives.
30CHOKINGNow we will learn how to treat an adult, child, and infant who are choking and not able to cough, speak, or breathe. Signs of trouble breathing are: Noisy or painful breathing, Wheezing, agitation, pale skin, slow or rapid breathing
31Conscious Choking Adult & ChildStep 1 Check scene, then check person. Step 2 Have someone call 9111 Step 3 care Obtain Consent to care for the person. Step 4 Lean the person forward and give 5 back blows with the heel of your hand.
32Choking Adult & Child Continued… Step 5Give 5 quick, upward abdominal thrusts. Place your fists just above the navel.Step 6Continue back blows and abdominal thrusts until-object is forced outperson can breathe or cough forcefully(encourage them to continue coughing)person becomes unconsciousWHAT TO DO NEXT:If person becomes unconscious- CALL 911
33Conscious Choking Infant Step 1 Check scene, then check person. Step 2 Have someone call 9111 Step 3 care Obtain Consent to care for the person. Step 4 Lay the baby face down on your forearm and give 5 back blows with the heel of your hand. (make sure head is lower than chest)
34Choking Infant Continued… Step 5Give 5 quick, chest thrusts. Place your fingers in the middle of the chest.Step 6Continue back blows and abdominal thrusts until-object is forced outperson can breathe or cough forcefully(encourage them to continue coughing)person becomes unconsciousWHAT TO DO NEXT:If person becomes unconscious- CALL 911
35Conscious Choking Infant Follow the same 1-6 steps of a choking adult for a choking child, and infant. REMEMBER TO CALL 911!!
36training department4/14/2017What does an AED do?The AED is programmed to analyze the heart’s electrical activity, and decide whether the electrical shock would help. It then builds up an electric charge and deliver to the patient when you push the button. If a victim truly has no pulse, the AED is the only thing that will bring the victim back to life. CPR only keeps blood and oxygen flowing through the body. CPR alone does NOT restart the heart!Each minute defibrillation is delayed reduces the chance of survival by 10%Early defibrillation can save the lives of more people in cardiac arrest.training department
37Patient Symptoms when in need of an AED training department4/14/2017Patient Symptoms when in need of an AEDUnconsciousNo BreathingNo Signs of lifeResulting in…No Oxygen to the Brain or Body Organstraining department
38Sudden Death Reversal Rates training department4/14/2017Sudden Death Reversal RatesCPR (only) ……………………… 0-2%EMS/ER …………………… 5-15%CPR+AED…… %The numbers speak for themselves. (Read the Slide.)training department
39training department4/14/2017AED Don'tsDon’t use the AED to monitor people who are awake or have a pulseDon’t attach the AED to people in anticipation of arrest.Don’t defibrillate the patient when both the patient and the defibrillator are in contact with metal or water .Don’t analyze with the AED while chest compression are in progress.training department
40Electrode placement Adult training department4/14/2017Electrode placement AdultRemove electrodes from package (check expiration date).Apply to victims :upper right chestleft lower side of chestWet victims should be toweled dry.Hairy chest may need shaving.Can be used with pacemaker, electrode on right side should be beneath pacemaker.training department
41AED For Adult and ChildThis is a video that takes you through the entire process of CPR and use of an AED on an adult. Pay close attention to make sure you remember all this important information! Click here to watch video! related
42Steps to Using AEDStep 1-3 Turn on AED Wipe chest dry Plug in connector if necessary Step 4 Make sure no one, including yourself, is touching the victim Say “everyone stand clear!” Push shock button if necessary WHAT TO DO NEXT- After shock, give 5 cycles or about 2 minutes of CPR.
43Don’t Touch Patient During Analysis training department4/14/2017WARNING!Don’t Touch Patient During AnalysisStart chest compressions for 2 minutes immediately after defibrillation. Without pulse checkTrainning Sectiontraining department
44What We’ve Learned… The three C’s- Check, Call, Care! We learned how to perform CRP on an adult, a child, and an infant.We learned how to treat a choking adult, child, and infant.We also learned how to use the AED!
45Pacoima EmployeesTake a look at the “CPR test review” PowerPoint For questions or more information, see Stacey Delpit Room 8, 4th grade (I have CPR books you can check out or purchase for $15)
46Works Cited Videos from www.youtube.com All information about CPR, AED, Choking, and the three C’s from 3rd Edition Participants Manual provided by American Red Cross Title: First Aid/CPR/AED for Schools and Community.