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© 3/7/2013, Jeffrey Bame – Content of this presentation may not be used without explicit permission.

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Presentation on theme: "© 3/7/2013, Jeffrey Bame – Content of this presentation may not be used without explicit permission."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 3/7/2013, Jeffrey Bame – Content of this presentation may not be used without explicit permission.

2 “When Jesus went into the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, ‘Who do people say that the Son of Man is?’ They replied, ‘Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.’ He said to them, ‘But who do you say that I am?’ Simon Peter said in reply, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ Jesus said to him in reply, ‘Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.’” – Matthew 16:13-19

3 Tonight’s Outline A.The Papacy 1.Who is the pope? 2.Origins of the papacy 3.Powers of the Pope 4.The College of Cardinals 5.How A Papal Conclave Works B.Celebration of the Eucharist

4 1. Who is the pope?  The word “pope” comes from the Latin “papa” – a child’s word meaning “father”.  The title “pope” is a familiar and unofficial one – this word does not actually appear in Canon Law or official documents of Church governance. His official titles include:  “Supreme Pontiff” or Pontifex Maximus  Bishop of Rome  Vicar of Jesus Christ  Servant of the Servants of God  Successor of the Prince of the Apostles

5 Pop(e) Quiz Question 1: How many popes has the Church had in her history?

6 Pop(e) Quiz Answer: Pope Benedict XVI was the 265 th pope in the history of the Church.

7 Tonight’s Outline A.The Papacy 1.Who is the pope? 2.Origins of the papacy 3.Powers of the Pope 4.The College of Cardinals 5.How A Papal Conclave Works B.Celebration of the Eucharist

8 2. Origins of the Papacy  Double apostolicity of Rome  Peter’s first successors: Linus, Anacletus, Clement  Clement (~90) and early Church writings  313 – Decree of Milan (Christianity becomes legal)  380 – Christianity is official religion of Rome  Pope Leo the Great (Council of Chalcedon 451)  Political authority during the Middle Ages  First Vatican Council (1870) – dogma of papal infallibility  1929 – Lateran treaty establishes Vatican City State

9 Pop(e) Quiz Question 2: Can you name the last 10 popes, working backwards?

10 Pop(e) Quiz 1. Benedict XVI ( )

11 Pop(e) Quiz 2. Blessed John Paul II ( )

12 Pop(e) Quiz 3. John Paul I (1978)

13 Pop(e) Quiz 4. Venerable Paul VI ( )

14 Pop(e) Quiz 5. Blessed John XXIII ( )

15 Pop(e) Quiz 6. Venerable Pius XII ( )

16 Pop(e) Quiz 7. Pius XI ( )

17 Pop(e) Quiz 8. Benedict XV ( )

18 Pop(e) Quiz 9. Saint Pius X ( )

19 Pop(e) Quiz 10. Leo XIII ( )

20 Tonight’s Outline A.The Papacy 1.Who is the pope? 2.Origins of the papacy 3.Powers of the Pope 4.The College of Cardinals 5.How A Papal Conclave Works B.Celebration of the Eucharist

21 3. Powers of the Pope  “The Roman Pontiff, as the successor of Peter, is the perpetual and visible source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole company of the faithful.” (Lumen Gentium 23)  “For the Roman pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ and as pastor of the entire church, has full, supreme and universal power over the whole church, a power which he can always exercise freely.” (Lumen Gentium 22)

22 3. Powers of the Pope  Papal infallibility – “the Roman Pontiff, when he speaks ex cathedra, that is, when carrying out the duty of the pastor and teacher of all Christians in accord with his supreme apostolic authority he explains a doctrine of faith or morals to be held by the universal Church, through the divine assistance promised him in blessed Peter, operates with that infallibility with which the divine Redeemer wished that His church be instructed in defining doctrine on faith and morals; and so such definitions of the Roman Pontiff from himself, but not from the consensus of the Church, are unalterable.”  Key phrase is “doctrine of faith or morals”

23 Pop(e) Quiz Question 3: How old was the pope who lived the longest?

24 Pop(e) Quiz Answer: Pope Leo XIII ( ) was the longest reigning pope, with the possible exception of Peter. He died in 1903 at the age of 93.

25 Tonight’s Outline A.The Papacy 1.Who is the pope? 2.Origins of the papacy 3.Powers of the Pope 4.The College of Cardinals 5.How A Papal Conclave Works B.Celebration of the Eucharist

26 4. The College of Cardinals  Cardinals are appointed by the Pope as advisors (in a similar way that the president appoints a cabinet)  Since 1059, the College of Cardinals elects the pope  Canon Law now requires that a man be a priest or bishop to be named Cardinal, and non-bishops must be immediately ordained  The College of Cardinals governs the Church during an interregnum period  Cardinals under the age of 80 can take part in a papal conclave – the size of this body is limited to 120. Right now, there are 117 cardinals out of a total of 209 that are under the age of 80.

27 4. The College of Cardinals  The United States has 11 cardinal electors, second only to Italy’s 28  Cardinal DiNardo was named cardinal in 2007, the first cardinal named to the American South. At the age of 65, he is the youngest of the American cardinals.  Other American cardinals:  Archbishops: Dolan (NY), George (CHI), Mahoney (LA), O’Malley (BOS), Rigali (PHI), Wuerl (DC)  Roman Curia: Burke, Harvey, Levada, O’Brien

28 Pop(e) Quiz Question 4: How long has it been since a pope was chosen who was not a bishop or even a priest?

29 Pop(e) Quiz Answer: Giovanni di Lorenzo de'Medici (Pope Leo X) was a deacon when he was chosen in 1513.

30 Tonight’s Outline A.The Papacy 1.Who is the pope? 2.Origins of the papacy 3.Powers of the Pope 4.The College of Cardinals 5.How A Papal Conclave Works B.Celebration of the Eucharist

31 5. How a Papal Conclave Works  Cardinal electors locked in Sistine Chapel – no communications access  2 votes each morning and evening (4/day) - votes are hand-written and placed in urns (oath taken)  Votes counted (three appointed cardinals) and verified (three others). Ballots are threaded and then burned after being saturated with chemicals (black smoke = no pope; white smoke = pope)  2/3 consensus required for a pope to be elected, runoff if conclave continues past 12 days  “Habemus papem!”

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33 Tonight’s Outline A.The Papacy 1.Who is the pope? 2.Origins of the papacy 3.Powers of the Pope 4.The College of Cardinals 5.How A Papal Conclave Works B.Celebration of the Eucharist

34 © 3/7/2013, Jeffrey Bame – Content of this presentation may not be used without explicit permission.


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