4JARGON, DIALECT, AND SLANG Presentation created by Kevin Kloth,Savannah Middle School Savannah, MOModified by M. Singleton
5OverviewFigurative language refers to words or phrases that add extra meaning or emotion to what we say or write.Figurative language uses words in other ways than their literal senseFigurative language can be used to suggest a picture (image), create a sensory reaction, or create other special effects like rhythm.
6Examples of Figurative Language Think of some of the figurative language you already know.How do similes and metaphors add meaning or emotion to a story?How about personification?Alliteration?Imagery?
7Examples of Figurative Language How do similes and metaphors add meaning or emotion to a story? a creative way to express emotion change the mood (lighten or darken) reveal the attitude of the character create an instant word picture reveal age, locale, or character traits reveal how a character thinks or feelsExample: “I’m very happy.” vs. “I’m as happy as a flea at a dog show.”
8Examples of Figurative Language How does personification add meaning or emotion to a story? a creative way to express emotion. develop the tone or mood reveal the attitude of the character reveal how a character thinks or feelsExample: “The pop machine ate my dollar.” “The copier hates me.”
9Examples of Figurative Language How does alliteration add to a story? creates rhythm creates / effects mood emphasizes words / phrasesExample:"The sun for sorrow will not show his head" (The Prince, Act 5 Scene 3)
10Examples of Figurative Language How does imagery add meaning or emotion to a story? a creative way to express emotion. develop the tone or mood creates a picture in the reader’s mind encourages use of other sensesExample:“I'll tell you how the sun rose,-- A ribbon at a time. The steeples swam in amethyst, The news like squirrels ran. …”- Emily Dickinson
11Jargon, Dialect, and Slang Jargon, dialect, and slang are types of figurative language.An author can use all of these to add meaning or emotion to the story he or she is telling.It can also be used to reveal important character traits.
12JargonJargon refers to the language and technical terms used by people of the same profession or group.By profession, we mean:
13JargonJargon refers to the language and technical terms used by people of the same profession or group.By profession, we mean:any vocation or business
14Examples of jargonMany professions use words or phrases that an average person would not know the meaning of.Doctors and nurses use many phrases when talking to each other that an average person would not understand:AnteriorGranulomaSubduralPericardial effusionRenogram
15Examples of jargonMany other professionals often use jargon. Some common professions that use jargon:PoliceLawyersScientistsBusinessmen and businesswomenAthletes
16Examples of Jargon B&E – Breaking and Entering DUI – Driving Under the Influence
17DialectDialect is language spoken by the people of a particular place, time or social groupWhat are some examples of how people use different words now than they did two hundred years ago?What are some examples of how people in the Midwest use different words than people in the South?What are some examples of how wealthier people might use different words than less affluent people would?
18Examples of DialectLook at the following two ways someone might say “Hi” to a group of friends when they walk into a room. Which speaker is most likely from America? Which speaker is most likely from England?Well, hey there, mates. You catch the game on the tele this evening?Hey guys, what’s up? Did you watch the Chiefs game last night?
19Examples of Dialect Hey, do you all want to go to dinner tonight? Look at the following two ways someone might invite a group of friends to dinner. Which speaker is most likely from the Midwest? Which speaker is most likely from the South?Hey, do you all want to go to dinner tonight?Howdy there. Do y’all want to go grab some dinner?
20Examples of DialectLook at the following two passages. Which passage was most likely written recently? Which passage was probably written hundreds of years ago?It could have betokened nothing short of the anticipated execution of some noted culprit, on whom the sentence of a legal tribunal had but confirmed the verdict of public sentiment.From The Scarlet LetterThe day was for the most part routine for Germany’s eighty-two million citizens. Train stations were buzzing, coffee shops busy, government offices going about their business.From The New York Times
21hypos stimulus, burst of energy (hyper) gay happy What are some examples of how people use different words now than they did two hundred years ago?200 years ago Nowhypos stimulus, burst of energy (hyper)gay happyaforesaid said beforemolested disturbed, bothered“MANY years ago, I contracted an intimacy with a Mr. William Legrand. He was of an ancient Huguenot family, and had once been wealthy; but a series of misfortunes had reduced him to want. To avoid the mortification consequent upon his disasters, he left New Orleans, the city of his forefathers, and took up his residence at Sullivan's Island, near Charleston, South Carolina.”The Gold Bug by Edgar Allan Poe
22Slang is informal words used in casual conversation. By informal, we mean:
23Slang is informal words used in casual conversation. By informal, we mean:without formality; casual
24SlangBelow are examples of how we can turn formal sentences (left) into slang sentences (right).Yes Yep.That was unusual That was random.My parents are here to pick me up My ride’s here.Our team needs to play Our team needs to take careour best tonight of business tonight.