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Weather Forecasting Assignment For more information please see the links under today’s date on our class webpage.

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Presentation on theme: "Weather Forecasting Assignment For more information please see the links under today’s date on our class webpage."— Presentation transcript:

1 Weather Forecasting Assignment For more information please see the links under today’s date on our class webpage

2 Astrology and Horoscopes Astrology is the study of how the planets and stars affect human affairs. A horoscope consists of a geocentric map of the solar system at a given moment in time based on a person’s date, time, and place of birth.

3 Astrology and Horoscopes The calculations involved in constructing a horoscope are based on geocentric models of the solar system (i.e., earth is at the center). The interpretation of horoscopes is based on oral and written wisdom passed down across generations by respected astrologers. Many of the modern horoscopes that we are familiar with are highly simplified versions based on a person’s zodiac sign (e.g., Aquarius, Leo, Capricorn).

4 How do these methods fare? How do astrological methods compare with those discussed in this course? What would it take to establish the validity of an astrological theory? Are these methods (or the evidence derived from them) part of what is advertised?

5 Testing Astrology What would it take to test astrological principles?

6 Testing Astrology What would it take to test astrological principles? –Different astrologers drawing upon the same framework should make similar predictions. –The person types based on the Zodiac should be accurate (Aries: high extraversion; Gemini: high extraversion, high agreeableness; Pisces: high openness). –Horoscope should be correct, within reason.

7 How accurate are horoscopes? Horoscope class exercise

8 True AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Tension creeps into the workday, but you can turn it around by spending quality time in the open air (which brings fresh ideas your way that will make money later in the year). Tonight, tell a loved one what he or she wants to hear. PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): There are two ways to get energy moving forward in your career now. No. 1: Forget about who did what to whom, and start new. No. 2: Call around before you make any costly decisions. You make allies by asking for help. False AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): There are two ways to get energy moving forward in your career now. No. 1: Forget about who did what to whom, and start new. No. 2: Call around before you make any costly decisions. You make allies by asking for help. PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): Tension creeps into the workday, but you can turn it around by spending quality time in the open air (which brings fresh ideas your way that will make money later in the year). Tonight, tell a loved one what he or she wants to hear.

9 ValidNot Valid True False Type of horoscope Validity of Horoscope 40% 44% These two “it felt valid” rates are fairly similar

10 For the purposes of discussion, we’ll focus today on the personality and health information you provided as part of your homework for today’s class. We’ll examine whether –(a) certain characteristics (e.g., extraversion, subjective well-being, physical health) vary as a function of sign and –(b) whether these characteristics vary in some of the ways that have been hypothesized by certain astrologers.

11 Just a reminder… Aquarius - January 21 - February 19 Pisces - February 20- March 20 Aries - March 21 - April 20 Taurus - April 21 - May 21 Gemini - May 22 - June 21 Cancer - June 22 - July 22 Leo - July 23 -August 21 Virgo - August 22 - September 23 Libra - September 24 - October 23 Scorpio - October 24 - November 22 Sagittarius - November 23 - December 22 Capricorn - December 23 - January 20Aquarius Pisces Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn The data are based on the personality ratings provided by 130 students who have participated in this exercise over the past few years.

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20 Specific Predictions Aries: Extraverted Taurus: Agreeable Gemini: Kind of Open Cancer: Agreeable, Open Leo: Open, Disagreeable Virgo: Open and Disagreeable (critical thinkers) Libra: Introverted Scorpio: Disagreeable Sagittarius: Open and Agreeable Capricorn: Conscientious Aquarius: Open and Introverted Pisces: Agreeable, not conscientious from

21 Aries: Extraverted Libra: Introverted Extraversion AquariusAriesCancerCapricornGeminiLeoLibraPiscesSagittariusScorpioTaurusVirgo Sign

22 Capricorn: Conscientious

23 Gemini: Kind of Open Leo: Open, Disagreeable Virgo: Open and Disagreeable (critical thinkers) Sagittarius: Open and Agreeable Aquarius: Open and Introverted

24 Taurus: Agreeable Cancer: Agreeable, Open Scorpio: Disagreeable Pisces: Agreeable, not conscientious


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