Presentation on theme: "Present tenses Future tenses Comparisons Vocabulary: Birth - Childhood and adolescence – Death Entertainment (films, leisure time) Nouns made from Adjectives."— Presentation transcript:
Present tenses Future tenses Comparisons Vocabulary: Birth - Childhood and adolescence – Death Entertainment (films, leisure time) Nouns made from Adjectives April 15 th 2013
PRESENT SIMPLE P ERMANENT SITUATIONS M RS AND M R T RENT LIVE IN O XFORD S CIENTIFIC FACTS T HE S UN RISES IN THE E AST S CIENTIFIC FACTS T HE S UN RISES IN THE E AST S ENSES T HIS CAKE SMELLS GOOD AND IT TASTES GOOD TOO ! B ELONGINGS T HIS VILLA BELONGS TO A VERY RICH FAMILY F IXED TIMES W HAT TIME DOES THE MUSEUM OPEN ? O PINIONS I DON ’ T AGREE WITH YOU BUT I’ LL DO IT ANYWAY H ABITS W E USUALLY WALK TO WORK K NOWLEDGE S HE DOESN ’ T KNOW THE NEW CEO OF OUR COMPANY
PRESENT CONTINUOUS A CTION IN PROGRESS I S J ANE TALKING ON THE PHONE ? U NFINISHED ACTIONS W E ARE LEARNING TO USE NEW SOFTWARE AT THE MOMENT A NNOYING OR SURPRISING HABITS WITH ALWAYS M Y NEIGHBOUR IS ALWAYS USING THE DISHWASHER AT NIGHT T EMPORARY ACTIONS / SITUATIONS I’ M COVERING FOR A COLLEAGUE AT WORK THIS MONTH P LANS AND ARRANGEMENTS IN THE FUTURE I’ M MEETING MY FRIENDS OUTSIDE THE THEATRE TONIGHT P LANS AND ARRANGEMENTS IN THE FUTURE I’ M MEETING MY FRIENDS OUTSIDE THE THEATRE TONIGHT
Future tenses A Predictions: will/going to 1. She will probably get an Oscar for her excellent performance (-> I believe this) 2. She is going to get an Oscar – the reviews are fantastic (-> I’m sure: I have information now – predictions from evidence) B Plans; arrangements; fixed events/timetables 1. We’re going to see that new movie tonight. (Plans and intentions) 2. We’re meeting our friends outside the cinema. (Definite future arrangements) 3. The film starts at eight o’clock. (Scheduled event) C Decisions 1. There’s a new film on. I’ll phone for tickets. (-> I decided this minute) 2. I’m going to phone for tickets later today. (-> I decided earlier) D Offers, requests, promises, threats: will 1. I’ll get the tickets, shall I? 2. Don’t worry! I won’t be late.
F UTURE CONTINUOUS W ILL BE + ING A CTIONS IN PROGRESS AT A FUTURE TIME : I’ll be lying on a beach this time tomorrow. P LANNED FUTURE ACTIONS : Will you be going to the meeting tomorrow? (polite) A CTIONS WHICH ARE ROUTINE : Will you be spending your holidays at the seaside as usual this year? F UTURE PERFECT W ILL HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE ACTION COMPLETED BEFORE A POINT IN THE FUTURE: We will have finished this book by the summer. We use the FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS (Will have been + ing) TO FOCUS ON THE DURATION OF AN ACTION: By the time I take my exam, I will have been learning English for six years.
Comparatives and superlatives 1 SYLLABLE /2 SYLLABLE IN Y : 1.The countryside is (a lot/ much) greener than the town. 2.I think New York is (by far) the liveliest city in the world. 2/3 SYLLABLES ADJECTIVES, MOST ADVERBS : 3.The country is (far/a great deal) less polluted than the city. 4.This is the most/the least exciting city I have ever visited. I RREGULAR adj./adverbs Good/well better (the) best Bad/badly worse (the) worst Littleless(the) least Much/many more (the) most Farfarther/further (the) farthest/furthest Latelater(the) last
C OMPARING SIMILAR THINGS 1.( NOT ) AS … AS : City life is/is not (nearly) as relaxing as life in the country. L IKE OR A S ? 2.Like all cities, New York is very noisy. (comparison) 3. As a teenager, I find city life really exciting. (function/ position) A DDING EMPHASIS : far, much, a lot, … R EPEATING COMPARATIVES 1.Cities are getting bigger and bigger. 2.The bigger cities get, the noisier they become. T OO, ENOUGH 1.Do we have enough money to go to the cinema? 2. I’m not old enough to buy my own flat. 3.The city is getting too dangerous.
Listening (part 1 & 2) To shout at Plenty of To draw attention I had a bit of an odd week Recipe To turn out (all right) To put on I used to have classes To make it Up-to-date To show off To tell off To be allowed (in/ to do sth/ sth/ ) To split up To stick together Handler To pick up (the ball; it’s an easy game to pick up) To lie down across
Past SIMPLE F INISHED ACTION IN THE PAST : When did you finished your homework? They didn’t go to college when they lived in the States. We spent a month in Australia last year. S TORY TELLING : Once upon a time there was a young girl who lived in a huge castle… U NFORESEEN SUDDEN ACTION HAPPENING WHILE ANOTHER IS IN PROGRESS : While I was walking along the river, I saw four beautiful swans. USED TO / WOULD We used to cycle the school when we were children. She would help everybody who was in need.
Past CONTINUOUS U NFORESEEN SUDDEN ACTION HAPPENING WHILE ANOTHER IS IN PROGRESS : While I was walking along the river, I saw four beautiful swans. A CTIONS IN PROGRESS IN THE PAST, EVEN CONTEMPORARY : While Bea was ironing, her husband was doing the washing up. I was swimming in the sea this time last week. R EPEATED ACTIONS IN THE PAST : He was always talking on his mobile when we were in the restaurant.
Past Perfect Simple Continuous A CTIONS THAT HAD HAPPENED BEFORE OTHER PAST ACTIONS : The students had already left the room when the headmaster arrived. (The students left the room. Then the headmaster arrived) A CTIONS THAT HAD BEEN HAPPENING BEFORE OTHER PAST ACTIONS : They had been trying to put out the fire for over an hour when the firefighters arrived. (They started trying to put out the fire an hour before and they were still doing it when the firefighters arrived).
Present perfect simple R ECENT ACTIONS : Look! I’ve bought a new mixer. We can make a lot of cakes now. A CTIONS THAT HAVE JUST HAPPENED : They have just called. A CTIONS THAT HAVE ALREADY HAPPENED OR HAVEN ’ T HAPPENED YET : She has ALREADY left the station but she hasn’t got home yet. L IFE EXPERIENCES : I’ve travelled quite a lot in my life. PAST PRESENT
Present Perfect Continuous S INCE + time when the action began: We have been working since eight o’clock F OR + length of time: We have lived here for ten years. Present Perfect Simple D URATION