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Using Semicolons We will proofread sentences for the correct use of semicolons. proofread= look over, edit Prepronounce, Choral PS 2x.

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Presentation on theme: "Using Semicolons We will proofread sentences for the correct use of semicolons. proofread= look over, edit Prepronounce, Choral PS 2x."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using Semicolons We will proofread sentences for the correct use of semicolons. proofread= look over, edit Prepronounce, Choral PS 2x

2 An independent clause (or main clause) has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause can stand by itself as a sentence. Subject Verb The dolphins play in the ocean. These animals are intelligent. Verb Subject WB APK- Today we will proofread for semicolons that connect independent clauses

3 ; The semicolon signals a pause in a sentence. Definition: Semicolons separate complete thoughts and items within a sentence. Concept Choral read

4 Definition: Semicolons separate complete thoughts and items within a sentence. Only use a semicolon between independent clauses IF the independent clausesindependent clauses are closely related in meaning are not joined by and, but, for, nor, or, so, or yet (FANBOYS) The clouds are moving in ; let’s head home. Independent clause Concept *S underline notes

5 A period is used since the two clauses are not closely related. A semicolon is used between independent clauses that are closely related without using,FANBOYS Do not touch that tree frog; everyone stay together. Non-example These two clauses aren’t closely related. These two clauses are closely related. A semicolon can be used to join them. Example Do not touch that tree frog. Everyone stay together. Do not touch that tree frog ; it may be poisonous.

6 RAJ When is a semicolon used? P/S: “A semicolon is used…” R-A-J: Which is an example of correct semicolon usage? How did you know? PS x2 1.Jamie; was on time Carrie was late. 2.Some reptiles like a dry climate; others prefer a wet climate. 3.My parents’ anniversary is next week; and we are throwing a party for them. WB

7 Why are semicolons important? The letter below is hard to read because it is missing semicolons and colons. Dear Garden Club Members It’s that time of year again our vegetable garden awaits. Please show up at the site this Saturday morning at 730. If you can, bring the following hoe, shovel, weed-puller, and gloves. It is also tested on the CST. Dear Garden Club Members : It’s that time of year again ; our vegetable garden awaits. Please show up at the site this Saturday morning at 7 : 30. If you can, bring the following : hoe, shovel, weed-puller, and gloves. CFU: Why is learning about semicolons important? PS Volunteers Like other punctuation marks, semicolons are important because they help make writing clear.

8 1. Identify the two related independent clauses in each sentence. 2. Make sure sentences are not combined with,FANBOYS 3. Add the semicolon between the independent clauses. 1.Jamie was on time Carrie was late. ; I do: How did I determine where the semicolon goes? PS 2x These clauses are closely related. They can be joined by a semicolon.

9 1. Identify the two related independent clauses in each sentence. 2. Make sure sentences are not combined with,FANBOYS 3. Add the semicolon between the independent clauses. Some reptiles like a dry climate others prefer a wet climate. ; We do: How did we proofread for semicolons? P/S 2x

10 1. Identify the two related independent clauses in each sentence. 2. Make sure sentences are not combined with,FANBOYS 3. Add the semicolon between the independent clauses. My parents’ anniversary is next week we are throwing a party for them. You do: How did you determine where the semicolon went? P/S 2x ;

11 Proofread for semicolons where they are needed in the following sentences. 1.Bring a sweater it will be cold tonight. 2.Your grades have improved you will easily pass the course. 3.His mother is a doctor his father owns a computer store. 4.Suki finished her homework then she went to Dana’s house. Semicolons between independent clauses Additional Practice

12 Use a semicolon between independent clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb or a transitional expression.conjunctive adverbtransitional expression Kim loaded the camera incorrectly ; therefore, the film was ruined. therefore, I like cotton ; in fact, most of my clothes are made of cotton. in fact, Notice that the conjunctive adverb and the transitional expression are followed by commas. Variation 2

13 Semicolons between independent clauses Conjunctive adverbs Common Conjunctive Adverbs accordinglyfurthermoreinsteadnevertheless besideshowevermeanwhileotherwise consequentlyindeedmoreovertherefore A conjunctive adverb shows how ideas relate to each other. It expresses a relationship between two independent clauses and is followed by a comma. Choral read S circle

14 Semicolons between independent clauses Transitional expressions Common Transitional Expressions as a resultfor examplefor instancein fact in additionin conclusionin other wordsthat is A transitional expression shows how ideas fit together. It makes a connection between the ideas in two independent clauses and is followed by a comma. Choral read S circle

15 1. Identify the two related independent clauses in each sentence. 2. Make sure sentences are not combined with,FANBOYS 3. Add the semicolon between the independent clauses. ; Variation 2 : I do How did I know where to place the semicolon? How did I proofread for the semicolon? PS x2 Janet brought the paint as a result, she started working before we did.

16 1. Identify the two related independent clauses in each sentence. 2. Make sure sentences are not combined with,FANBOYS 3. Add the semicolon between the independent clauses. ; We planned to go to Miami however, our flight was canceled. We do: WB Word before ; word after How did we proofread for semicolons? PS x2

17 1. Identify the two related independent clauses in each sentence. 2. Make sure sentences are not combined with,FANBOYS 3. Add the semicolon between the independent clauses. ; Kevin will play the bass drum in the concert in addition,he will play the symbols. You do: WB Word before ; word after How did we proofread for semicolons? PS x2

18 More Practice In the following sentences, add semicolons or replace commas with semicolons where needed. If a sentence is already correct, label it C. 1.My dog can do many tricks for example, he can roll over and crawl on his belly. 2.The best defensive players are Carlos, Will, and Fred, however, Matt and Jamal are great on defense. 3.I have to study tonight; otherwise, I would go with you. 4.I’ve decided not to take French, instead, I plan to take Spanish. Semicolons between independent clauses

19 Closure When do we use a semicolon? WB How would you proofread for semicolons in the following sentences? WB Tell me one thing you learned today? Volunteer? Todd’s report is about Arizona mine is about Utah. I have to study tonight otherwise, I would go with you.

20 Independent Practice Warriner’s Handbook page #1-10


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