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Group Problem Solving and Facilitation Gemini Skills Workshop July 1998.

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Presentation on theme: "Group Problem Solving and Facilitation Gemini Skills Workshop July 1998."— Presentation transcript:

1 Group Problem Solving and Facilitation Gemini Skills Workshop July 1998

2 - 2 - GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Contents Group problem solving Problem solving/team building (PS/TB) approach Facilitation skills and the facilitator role

3 - 3 - GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Why Use Groups for Problem Solving? Collective experience is more powerful than individual experience Building on the ideas and knowledge of other creates positive synergy Efficiency and productivity are enhanced Group interactions ensure face-to-face interaction of all involved parties resulting in more effective communication Creates automatic ownership of solutions for those involved.

4 - 4 - GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential What is Effective Group Problem Solving? A planned and informed attack on a problem which is conducted in a cooperative manner and draws out the collective best from the assembled resources to achieve the best resolution of the problem through an action plan that has the commitment of the implementors

5 - 5 - GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Key steps in the problem solving process 1.Determine criteria 2.Determine decision process Implement Solution Follow-up and Measure Determine Decision Criteria Evaluate Solutions Identify Solutions Investigate Causes Clarify Problem 1.Determine what we know and what we don’t 2.Gather information 3.Identify constraints 4.Determine if you should proceed 1.Measure expected benefits 2.Collect feedback 3.Incorporate feedback into ongoing work 1.Identify possible causes 2.Design tests 3.Perform tests 4.Determine causes or re- test 5.Determine to proceed 1.Determine solution approach 2.Develop solutions 1.Compare with decision criteria 2.Decide on solution(s) 3.Validate 1.Prepare action plans 2.Prepare follow-up plan and measures 3.Implement There are many variations of this process, but these are the basic steps you should follow.

6 PS/TB Approach

7 - 7 - GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential What Is PS/TB? –Structured approach –Iterative participative process –Team building experience –GETS RESULTS—SOLVES PROBLEMS!

8 - 8 - GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential 7-Step Team-Building/Problem-Solving Approach 1.Headline the problem 2.Provide background 3.Generate ideas 4.Select ideas 5.Get benefits/concerns 6.Work critical concerns 7.Get action plan/next steps

9 - 9 - GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential PS/TB: Problem Statement –Initial statement of: problem, task, opportunity and challenge –Must be concise and accurate –Should be action oriented, "How to” Problem Statement

10 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential PS/TB: Background –Additional information –Clarification, definitions –Constraints –What we tried before (and the outcomes) –Motivating statements Background

11 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Problem Solving/Team Building Flow 1.Headline the problem 2.Provide background 3.Generate ideas 4.Select ideas 5.Get benefits/concerns 6.Work critical conditions 1.Headline the problem 2.Provide background 3.Generate ideas 4.Select ideas 5.Get benefits/concerns 6.Work critical conditions 1.Headline the problem 2.Provide background 3.Generate ideas 4.Select ideas 5.Get benefits/concerns 6.Work critical conditions 1.Headline the problem 2.Provide background 3.Generate ideas 4.Select ideas 5.Get benefits/concerns 6.Work critical conditions 7.Get action plan/next steps None Yes None

12 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential PS/TB: “Where to eat tonight?” Problem Statement: H2 identify and make plans needed for my wife and I to eat dinner out this evening Don’t want to cook Ate Chinese last night Don’t want to drive more than 30 minutes 1. Herr Gruber’s German Restaurant 2. McDonalds 3. Chi-Chi’s Mexican Restaurant 4. Madame Frenchy’s French Foods 5. Guiseppi’s Italian Cuisine 6. The Backfin Seafood Restaurant Background: Idea Generation/Restaurant:

13 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential PS/TB: “Where to Eat Tonight” (cont.) Concerns: Benefits of the Selected Idea: Selection: ID Critical Concerns: 6.The Backfin +10 minutes away +New place +Recommended by friends (great swordfish!) -IWIK how much it cost -H2 get specified directions -H2 deal with my wife’s allergy to fish -IWIK if there were a table available this evening -H2 deal with my wife’s allergy to fish

14 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential PS/TB: “Where to Eat Tonight?” (cont.) Idea Generation: Background: (New) Problem Statement: H2 deal with my wife’s allergy to fish If even she smell fish, she throws up 1.Oxygen tent 2.Gas mask 3.Fumigate the building Killer concern

15 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential PS/TB: “Where to Eat Tonight?” (cont.) Concerns: Benefits of the Selected Idea: Make New Selection: Restaurant ID Critical Concerns: Chi-Chi’s Mexican Restaurant +12 minutes away +Allergies no problem +Good past experiences +Great margaritas! -H2 know if there’s a table available with less than a 30 minute wait -No reservations -None Action Plan:-Plan to leave for Chi-Chi's at 5:00 p.m. tonight (to avoid the dinner rush)

16 Facilitation

17 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Good Facilitation Skills Apply in Many Meeting Situations Source:How to Lead Work Teams: Facilitation Skills, Fran Rees. Leader is responsible for decision making FacilitatingControlling 80% 20% 80% 20% 50% Team members and leader share responsibility for decision making Facilitating Leader’s Role: –Listen –Ask questions –Direct group process –Coach –Teach –Build consensus –Share in goal setting –Share in decision making –Empower others to get things done Controlling Leader’s Role: Tell Sell Direct Decide Delegate Solve problems Set goals Use authority to get things done

18 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Good Facilitation Includes Specific Behavioral Skills –Ask open ended questions –Positively respond to contributions from the group –Ask for more specific examples –Redirect comments or questions to other group members –Avoid stating your opinion while facilitating –Paraphrase for clarity and understanding –Role model and encourage good meeting behaviors

19 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Meeting Roles: Facilitator –Guides the process –Make it “safe” for everyone to participate –Records group ideas and decisions –Monitors time contract –Brings team back on-track when needed –Helps headline and clarify ideas –Aids team performance –Provides feedback

20 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential The Group Memory: Flipchart Recordings –Helps the group focus –Provides instant record of meeting content –Encourages participation –“Depersonalizes” ideas –Increases sense of accomplishment

21 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Meeting Roles: Client/ Team Leader –“Owns” the meeting—sets the objectives –Determines the participants –Provides support, information, and resources –Sets the tone –Encourages creativity –Makes decisions

22 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Meeting Behavior: The Leader Sets the Tone –Demand serious preparation, attention, and effort –Set high—but reasonable, achievable expectations –Speak in terms of “we” instead of “I” –Make the team realize that the task is important

23 GrpProbSolvFac v3.ppt Gemini Consulting Limited Proprietary and Confidential Meeting Roles: Resource/ Team Member –Generates ideas and recommendations –Adheres to the agenda –Practices good meeting behaviors –Completes assigned tasks –Participates actively


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