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An AV guy looks at P O W E R P O I N T Nick Dvoracek University of Wisconsin Oshkosh.

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Presentation on theme: "An AV guy looks at P O W E R P O I N T Nick Dvoracek University of Wisconsin Oshkosh."— Presentation transcript:

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2 An AV guy looks at P O W E R P O I N T

3 Nick Dvoracek University of Wisconsin Oshkosh

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5 What’s wrong with PowerPoint …and what you can do about it.

6 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it The titles are too damn big

7 Title of the slide First level paragraph of text – Second level paragraph of text · Third level paragraph of text 44 point 32 point

8 So what’s wrong with that Difference is greater than necessary to distinguish title Implies title is always the most important part of the slide. Difference is greater than necessary to distinguish title Implies title is always the most important part of the slide.

9 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it The text is too damn small especially in lower bullet points

10 Title of the slide First level paragraph of text – Second level paragraph of text · Third level paragraph of text 44 point 32 point 28 point 24 point

11 So what’s wrong with that 32 pt. is at the lower end of legibility Implies indented levels are less important information. from the back of the room

12 Special Precautions 44 point Don’t lick fingers after using 32 point 28 point It could kill you.

13 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it A little about type

14 Type issues The medium is the massage

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16 Go to your room! Footlight Go to your room! Helvetica Go to your room! Arial Black Type issues The medium is the massage

17 My, don’t you look pretty tonight! Footlight My, don’t you look pretty tonight ! Helvetica My, don’t you look pretty tonight! Arial black Type issues The medium is the massage

18 ProportionalMonospaced sCourier L e t t e r sL etet Times r

19 DecorativeTextTimes Letters Helvetica Vivaldi Lucifer’s Pension Type issues The medium is the massage

20 Adg Helvetica Serif Sans-Serif Times Type issues The medium is the massage

21 From Websters

22 From The Oxford English Dictionary

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24 From Websters

25 Adg Helvetica Serif Sans-Serif Times Type issues The medium is the massage baseline Body size

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27 $ Adg Helvetica SerifSans-Serif Times x- height Type issues The medium is the massage

28 Tend to have a technical, impersonal character Helvetica (Arial) has gotten somewhat generic Adg Helvetica Sans-Serif Type issues The medium is the massage

29 Adg Times Serif Tend to have a personal, humanistic character Small sizes can be hard to read on the screen. Type issues The medium is the massage

30 Bigger type is easier to read If you need to use smaller type, you probably have to much on the slide. 36 pt minumum for all text. 24 pt. minumum for graphics Type issues Legibility

31 However - Leave some air. Very large type with no spaces in between filling the entire space is very oppressive and more difficult to read Type issues Legibility

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33 Normal upper and lower case is easier to read than ALL CAPITALS Type issues Legibility

34 Normal upper and lower case is always easier to read than ALL CAPITALS Type issues Legibility

35 Normal upper and lower case is always easier to read than ALL CAPITALS Use bold, italics, size, colors for emphasis Type issues Legibility

36 Legibility LEGIBILITY Upper and lower case words form unique shapes All upper case words are all rectangles

37 Type issues Legibility Legibility LEGIBILITY All upper case takes up more room without adding legibility

38 Type issues Compatibility If you are presentating on a different computer, it musthave the same fonts installed. Arial and Times New Roman are nearly universal on Windows Helvetica and Times on the Mac

39 Type issues Mixing typefaces Combine normal, bold, italic, bold italic within a typeface freely Use to define function For emphasis Never underline

40 Type issues

41 Type issues Mixing typefaces If you mix typefaces, choose two that contrast Arial Black & Footlight MT Light Not Times and Palatino

42 Type issues Compatibility In Windows, you can save TrueType fonts with your document. From the Save dialogue This can really screw things up when you move to a Mac Virtual PC

43 If you need smaller type to fit on a slide 3 Use more than one slide 3 Repeat the title if necessary 3 Duplicate the slide to avoid retyping If you need smaller type to fit on a slide 3 Use more than one slide 3 Repeat the title if necessary 3 Duplicate the slide to avoid retyping Virtual PC

44 The strength of presentations Use to focus & direct attention

45 The strength of presentations One idea per slide 1 what 1 what Don’t dilute your message

46 or Put as little as you can on each slide !

47 Nicholas Negroponte Being digital Atoms Bits Costly Costly to copy Costly to move Costly Costly to copy Costly to move Cheap - D or Ctrl-D You’ve got mail! Cheap - D or Ctrl-D You’ve got mail! Slides, overheads.htm,.ppt,.jpg

48 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it The idea is sequencing

49 Presentation problems Reading Making others read Showing off Reading Making others read Showing off Hiding Pontificating Title, point, point, point Hiding Pontificating Title, point, point, point

50 Presentation problems Reading Making others read Showing off Reading Making others read Showing off Hiding Pontificating Title, point, point, point Hiding Pontificating Title, point, point, point

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52 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it The idea is sequencing … not animation

53 Don’t let your presentation compete with your message

54 Effects are assigned to 3 Slide transitions 3 Custom animation Effects are assigned to 3 Slide transitions 3 Custom animation

55 Movement effects are attention getting 3 if used sparingly Movement effects are attention getting 3 if used sparingly The default effect is Fly from left Virtual PC

56 Motion sickness Caused by difference between 3 visual field 3 inner ear perception Motion soon becomes repetitive Nobody notices anymore Until someone throws up Caused by difference between 3 visual field 3 inner ear perception Motion soon becomes repetitive Nobody notices anymore Until someone throws up

57 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it Everything has the same emphasis Can’t tell what’s important

58 Title Point

59 Save flashy transitions and effects for Gives pacing and dynamics to your presentations emphasis emphasis Gives pacing and dynamics to your presentations

60 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it And while we’re on the subject of effects My pet peeve

61 You call this a dissolve?

62 Oh, well.Smooth yet unobtrusive

63 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it Background issues

64 Background issues Contrast Use light objects on a dark backgound

65 Background issues Contrast Or dark objects on a light backgound

66 Background issues Contrast Low contrast is difficult to read Even with strongly contrasting colors Low contrast is difficult to read Even with strongly contrasting colors

67 The big picture

68 Background issues Contrast Dark objects on a light backgound

69 Background issues Contrast Use light objects on a dark backgound

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71 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it Don’t put things on screen you’re not talking about

72 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it Don’t leave things on screen you’re not talking about

73 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it Seventeen templates One hundred bazillion users

74 Modify the master slide Custom animation can be applied to the master slide Save your own template Custom animation can be applied to the master slide Save your own template Virtual PC

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76 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it It’s too text oriented

77 Show me! Don’t tell me!

78 Use diagrams models maps Winneburg Oshburg Appleburg

79 Pictures Cool

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81 Charts

82 What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it What’s wrong with PowerPoint and what you can do about it The defaults for data graphs are goofy

83 The charting authority Edward Tufte “The visual display of quantitative information” Edward Tufte “The visual display of quantitative information”

84 The charting authority Emphasize the data ink 3 The line, bars, pie Eliminate “chart junk” 3 Excessive labeling of axes, grids, borders, clip art Emphasize the data ink 3 The line, bars, pie Eliminate “chart junk” 3 Excessive labeling of axes, grids, borders, clip art

85 Chart Simplification

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90 Quarter

91 Save your own chart template Adjust a chart for your preferences Save it as a custom chart type or Save it as a template Open it and change the data Copy the slide your new presentation Adjust a chart for your preferences Save it as a custom chart type or Save it as a template Open it and change the data Copy the slide your new presentation Virtual PC

92 Group Align Layer Power The power of computer graphics is at your fingertips

93 Less is moreOshburgOshburg WinneburgWinneburgAppleburgAppleburg

94 To learn how Handouts available at Handouts available at


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