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1.Infinitive phrases used as adjectivesInfinitive phrases used as adjectives 2.Past participles used as adjectivesPast participles used as adjectives.

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Presentation on theme: "1.Infinitive phrases used as adjectivesInfinitive phrases used as adjectives 2.Past participles used as adjectivesPast participles used as adjectives."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1.Infinitive phrases used as adjectivesInfinitive phrases used as adjectives 2.Past participles used as adjectivesPast participles used as adjectives

3 1. Scientists say they have found a way to bring animals back from extinction. 2. Most extinct animals have no habitat to live in. Examples 1.Infinitive phrases used as adjectives

4 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. The first one has been done for you. 1. The homeless man has no house which he can live in. → The homeless man has no house to live in.

5 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. The first one has been done for you. 2. Ted can’t find a chair which he can sit on. → Ted can’t find a chair to sit on.

6 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. The first one has been done for you. 3. He is not a man who would do such a thing. → He is not a man to do such a thing.

7 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. The first one has been done for you. 4. I have many things that I would like to tell you. → I have many things to tell you.

8 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. The first one has been done for you. 5. The boy has no toy which he can play with. → The boy has no toy to play with.

9 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. The first one has been done for you. 6. I need someone whom I can talk to. → I need someone to talk to.

10 Exercise B: A reporter is interviewing a scientist. Complete the following dialogue between them with proper infinitive phrases and the given words. The first one has been done for you. R: Do you think cloning could be a way 1 to bring animals back from extinction (bring…back from/animal/extinction)?

11 Many scientists believe that someday this technology may be used 2 (clone/animal/that/been/ dead/thousands of/year). to clone animals that have been dead for thousands of years

12 S: Yes and no. Using the animals’ DNA, we scientists are learning 3 (clone/extinct/animal). Some of us are cloning an Indian ox that became extinct in to clone extinct animals

13 Others are trying to bring the mammoth back to the earth. However, even if extinct animals are brought back, most of them will have no habitat 4 (live) and no food 5 (eat). to live in to eat

14 I think we scientists can only afford 6 (clone/a very small percentage of/extinct/animal). to clone a very small percentage of extinct animals

15 Indicate whether the infinitive phrases in the dialogue are used as nouns, adverbs, or adjectives by putting 1-6 in the following blanks. The first one has been done for you. used as nouns used as adverbs 1, used as adjectives 3, 4, 2 6 5

16 Scientists plan to collect the DNA of these animals that are endangered. → Scientists plan to collect the DNA of these endangered animals. 2.Past participles used as adjectives

17 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. Follow the examples. 1. The DNA that is stored can be used to bring these animals back. → The stored DNA can be used to bring these animals back.

18 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. Follow the examples. 2. A mammoth that was perfectly preserved was discovered in → A perfectly preserved mammoth was discovered in 1999.

19 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. Follow the examples. 3. Nightingale led some nurses to Turkey to care for soldiers who had been wounded. → Nightingale led some nurses to Turkey to care for wounded soldiers.

20 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. Follow the examples. 4. The products that have been improved sell better now. → The improved products sell better now.

21 Exercise A: Rewrite the following sentences with the above pattern. Follow the examples. 5. After the flood, food and clothing were taken to the areas that had been affected. → After the flood, food and clothing were taken to the affected areas.

22 Exercise B: Complete the following passage with the words given in the box and the pattern above. Make some changes if necessary. The first one has been done for you. wound destroy preserve break clone

23 The popular movie “Jurassic Park” shows the coming of the age of cloning. In the movie, scientists made dinosaurs walk the earth again by using some perfectly 1 preserved DNA.

24 At first, some of the scientists worried if those 2 dinosaurs could survive since the world today was quite different from what it had been in the old days. cloned wound destroy preserve break clone

25 However, somehow they survived and bred ( 繁殖 ) quickly. Then, “Jurassic Park” was built and would be open to the public. wound destroy preserve break clone

26 Though the scientists felt proud of their achievement, something had gone wrong. From a 3 cage, they knew some dangerous dinosaurs had escaped. Soon, the hunting and killing started. broken wound destroy preserve break clone

27 Finally, only a few 4 scientists escaped from the 5 park. After seeing the movie, people may wonder what cloning will bring to us in the future—more possibilities or unexpected danger. wounded destroyed Back wound destroy preserve break clone


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