Presentation on theme: " My name is Jenny Stark and… Louis CK Aziz Ansari."— Presentation transcript:
My name is Jenny Stark and… Louis CK Aziz Ansari
Addictions cause-of-addicti_b_ html cause-of-addicti_b_ html 80’s Experiment: A rat alone in a cage. One water bottle has drugs, the other is plain water. The rat becomes obsessed with the drugged water and eventually dies 80’s Experiment:
Bruce AlexanderBruce Alexander professor of Psychology in Vancouver called Bruce AlexanderBruce Alexander Built a rat community Rat cage with plenty of toys, food, tunnels, and friends Comparative: rats who were alone drank the drugged water Rats with friends tried the drugged water, but didn’t continue to drink it
Vietnam Heroin use was common amongst US soldiers 20% of soldiers Concern about these soldiers coming home and still being addicted 95% of the addicts discontinued use after returning home
Concepts of AddictionConcepts of Addiction Hedonistic A disease Alexander: It’s not you, but your cage
3 rd Experiment3 rd Experiment Rats were in a cage alone in a cage with the drug for 57 days They were then placed in the rat park They went through withdrawal, but…
Ended up kicking the habit and adapting back to their surroundings
Another more common experiment…
Prescription MedicinePrescription Medicine People who are prescribed opiates for injuries do not, in large percentages, become addicted to street heroin.
Street addicts are isolated & Someone who is getting over an injury is quite possibly going home to families, work, friends etc.
Professor Peter Cohen argues that human beings have a deep need to bond and form connections. It's how we get our satisfaction. If we can't connect with each other, we will connect with anything we can find -- the whirr of a roulette wheel or the prick of a syringe. He says we should stop talking about 'addiction' altogether, and instead call it 'bonding.' A heroin addict has bonded with heroin because she couldn't bond as fully with anything else. So the opposite of addiction is not sobriety. It is human connection.
War on DrugsWar on Drugs Prisons isolate drug users more Isolation (for drug offenses in prison) Difficult to find work once they are out of jail Leading to more isolation The War on Drugs also costs money (keeping money from social programs, schools etc.)
Portugal had one of the worst drug problems in Europe, with 1 percent of the population addicted to heroin. They had tried a drug war, and the problem just kept getting worse. So they decided to do something radically different. They resolved to decriminalize all drugs, and transfer all the money they used to spend on arresting and jailing drug addicts, and spend it instead on reconnecting them -- to their own feelings, and to the wider society. The most crucial step is to get them secure housing, and subsidized jobs so they have a purpose in life, and something to get out of bed for. I watched as they are helped, in warm and welcoming clinics, to learn how to reconnect with their feelings, after years of trauma and stunning them into silence with drugs.
One example I learned about was a group of addicts who were given a loan to set up a removals firm. Suddenly, they were a group, all bonded to each other, and to the society, and responsible for each other's care.
The results of all this are now in. An independent study by the British Journal of Criminology found that since total decriminalization, addiction has fallen, and injecting drug use is down by 50 percent
These studies help us think differently about ourselves Human beings are bonding animals
Isolation We have created an environment and a culture that cut us off from connection, or offer only the parody of it offered by the Internet. The rise of addiction is a symptom of a deeper sickness in the way we live -- constantly directing our gaze towards the next shiny object we should buy, rather than the human beings all around us.
--For too long, we have talked exclusively about individual recovery from addiction. We need now to talk about social recovery -- how we all recover, together, from the sickness of isolation that is sinking on us like a thick fog. --Bruce Alexander
Neil PostmanNeil Postman Amusing Ourselves to Death, 1986 Distinguishes Orwellian vision of the future—where totalitarian governments limit the rights of citizens from Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World where people medicate themselves into bliss Television reduces the quality of information and devalues rational arguments that can be found in the written word
Postman McLuhan's aphorism "the medium is the message", to "the medium is the metaphor" — he describes how oral, literate, and televisual cultures radically differ in the processing and prioritization of information; he argues that each medium is appropriate for a different kind of knowledge.aphorismthe medium is the message The faculties requisite for rational inquiry are simply weakened by televised viewing. Only in the printed word, he states, could complicated truths be rationally conveyed. --wikipedia
WHO IS OLIVIA POPE?
Who are all of the late night talk show hosts?
Name 3 Kardashians
Who are your Senators?Who are your Senators?
Barbara Boxer Dianne Feinstein
Who is the Supreme Court Chief Justice?
John G. Roberts, Jr. John G. Roberts, Jr.
Who are all of the Supreme Court Associate Justices?
Antonin Scalia Anthony Kennedy Clarence Thomas Ruth Bader Ginsburg Stephen Breyer Samuel Alito Sonia Sotomayor Elena Kagan Antonin ScaliaAnthony KennedyClarence Thomas Ruth Bader GinsburgStephen BreyerSamuel Alito Sonia SotomayorElena Kagan
David Simon David Simon and Ed BurnsDavid Simon and Ed BurnsDavid Simon The Corner, A Year in the Life of an Inner-City Neighborhood : is an observation of a single corner in Baltimore HBO’s The Wire is a panoramic drama dealing with many aspects of drug crime in inner- city Baltimore David Simon: Former Baltimore Sun reporter Ed Burns: Former Baltimore Homicide Detective
The CornerThe Corner book covers a year in the life of an inner city drug market at Fayette & Monroe Streets in Baltimore. Simon and Burns spent over a year interviewing and following around the people who lived on the Fayette & Monroe corner. Although written like a novel, the book is nonfiction; it uses the real names of those people and recounts actual events. --wikipediadrugMonroe
The WireThe Wire American crime drama television series set and produced in and around Baltimore, Maryland.setBaltimore The Wire introduces a different institution in the city of Baltimore. In chronological order they are: the illegal drug trade, the seaport system, the city government and bureaucracy, the school system, and the print news media.illegal drug tradeseaport Despite receiving only average ratings and never winning major television awards, The Wire has been described by many critics as one of the greatest TV dramas of all time.  The show is recognized for its realistic portrayal of urban life, its literary ambitions, and its uncommonly deep exploration of social and political themes. --wikipediaTV dramas 
How’s He Doing?How’s He Doing?
Realism The writers strove to create a realistic vision of an American city based on their own experiences. They received support from the mayor of Baltimore at the time saying they wanted to portray the city in a bleak way. They also indicated that the show was likely to have no impact on the city's problems. Why do it?
Serial Podcast (2014) Creators of This American Life Sarah Koenig A true story that takes place over 12 episodes First season is about Adnan Syed who is convicted of murdering of Hae Min Lee Ranked #1 on Itunes before its debut and stayed there for several weeks There was no ending planned—the story took them where it took them
David BordwellDavid Bordwell Theory of story film theorists such as Noel Burch as well as from art historian Ernst Gombrich, Ernst Gombrich classical film theory, the history of art cinema, classical and contemporary Hollywood cinema Bordwell's work considers the film-goer's cognitive processes that take place when perceiving the film's nontextual, aesthetic forms how films guide our attention to salient narrative information
Conventions Conventions are the generally accepted ways of doing something. There are general conventions in any medium, such as the use of interviewee quotes in a print article, but conventions are also genre specific.
Story Conventions Closure, Safety, Discourse Structure of CSI Structure of Law and Order What do those shows mean? What are they saying?