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Male v. Female Skeleton Male larger hip bones more narrow more bone mass Female wider hip bones angle at symphysis pubis is greater less bone mass
Types of Joints Fibrous (immovable) sutures Cartilaginous (slightly movable) symphysis pubis between vertebrae Between ribs and vertebrae Connected with disks of fibrocartilage Synovial (movable)
Types of Joints - Synovial Covered with hyaline cartilage Bursae Fluid filled sacs b/w skin and processes
Types of Joints - Synovial Ball and socket Shoulder and hip Highly movable joint Allow movement in all directions Condyloid Metacarpals and phalanges Metatarsals and phalanges
Types of Joints - Synovial Gliding (sliding) Wrist and ankle Allows bones to slide in all directions Hinge Elbow Knee Allows bones to move back and forth
Types of Joints - Synovial Pivot Radius and ulna Saddle Thumb
Arthritis Inflamed, swollen joints Osteoarthritis Most common; old age Articular cartilage wears down
Arthritis Rheumatoid Autoimmune disorder Cartilage replaced by bone Very disfiguring
Arthritis Infectious/Acute Bacterial infection Lyme disease Gouty Result of uric acid being deposited b/c kidneys are not properly filtering Deposited in great toe first
Additional Disorders Rickets Soft bone condition in children Lack of calcium and/or vitamin D Osteomyelitis Acute or chronic bone infection Commonly caused by bacteria (at times – fungi)
Flexion - Extension decrease - increase angle Abduction - Adduction away - toward midline Rotation around an axis Pronation - Supination palm down -palm up Elevation - Depression raising - lowering
Moving a part around an axis Rotation. Bending the head back beyond the upright position is called ______ Hyperextension.
CHAPTER 7 Joints. articulations Joints (or articulations) Where two or more bones meet Functions: movement, hold skeleton together Classified by structure.
Joints & Movements Joints A. Articulations: functional junctions btwn bones B. enable a wide variety of body movements C. classified according.
Joint Anatomy Connected to another bone Hold skeleton together Allow flexibility.
Joints. What is an articulation? They are joints and occur wherever two bones meet.
Joint/Articulation Classified by: Structure (composition) Function (range of motion)
Joints. Fibrous joints Joints that are in close contact with one another. In the skull, these are called sutures.
Joints The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to move. A joint is usually formed of fibrous connective tissue and.
Clare Hargreaves-Norris Bones & Joints Access Human Biology.
Joints and Movements of the Body. Objectives Demonstrate knowledge of the joints of body. Demonstrate knowledge of the movements of the body.
Classification and mobility. Fibrous - no joint cavity, joined by fibrous tissue, mobility depends on the length of the tissue, most are immovable
ARTICULATIONS WHAT IS A JOINT? A site where two or more bones meet. Provides mobility Weakest point of skeleton.
Articulations. Articulations (Joints) Articulations – wherever 2 bones meet Classified by function –Synarthrosis (Immovable) –Amphiarthrosis (slightly.
Articulations of bones Functions of joints ◦ All joints hold bones together ◦ Allow for mobility Ways joints are classified ◦ Functionally ◦ Structurally.
Ch. 8 Warm-Up 1.What is another name for joints? 2.What are the 2 main functions of joints? 3.What do you think are the most common joint injuries?
Articulations and Movement. Articulations or Joints Articulation or Joint –Place where two bones come together –Freely movable to limited to no apparent.
JOINTS IN THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. What is a Joint? The area where two or more bones articulate (move). Joints give structure and flexibility to the skeleton.
Joints. Fixed (Fibrous joints) No movement occurs between the bones involved. Held in place by fibrous connective tissue On impact bone fracture rather.
Functions of Bones 1. Gives the body its shape 2. Support of the body’s weight 3. Protection of soft organs 4. Movement due to attached skeletal muscles.
Essentials of Human Anatomy Essentials of Human Anatomy The Skeletal System 2.
ARTICULATIONS Joints between bones Hold bones firmly to each other Permit movement Classified by degree of movement (range of motion) and type of substance.
Joints AS Level Anatomy and Physiology. Lesson Outcomes By the end of today’s lesson you will understand: The 6 main types of synovial joints The structure.
Chapter 8Joints. Joints Also called articulations; place where two or more bones meet Function- Hold skeleton together and give it mobility.
Articulations. Chapter 11 Joints Joints b) Fibrous Joints 1) connections between adjacent bones 2) syndesmoses to gomphoses 3) ex.suture c) Cartilagenous.
8-1 Chapter 09 Lecture *. 8-2 JOINT DAY 8-3 Articulations or Joints Articulation or Joint –Place where two bones come together –Freely movable to limited.
December 9, 2014 Objective: To describe how joints function and to differentiate between types of joints Journal: Have you or someone you know ever.
Joints. Functional Classification of Joints Synarthrosis -- An immovable joint separated by a thin layer of fibrous connective tissue Example: Sutures.
Chapter 9 Articulations. Point of contact between bones. Joint- mostly very movable but some are immovable or only allow limited motions. Movable joints.
Joints Articulations. Joint Classifications Structural Classification Fibrous Cartilaginous Synovial Functional Classification (Type of Movement) Synarthrosis.
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8. JOINTS aka Articulations 2 Functions: 1. Hold Bones Together 2. Allows otherwise rigid skeleton to have some.
JOINTS Allie Moyer & Kayla Jones. WHAT ARE THEY? o Joints are where two or more bones meet and are made up of a number of different parts that all work.
The Appendicular Skeleton Honors A&P. The Clavicle.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture.
Joints Joints are also known as arthroses or articulations Joints can be classified both structurally and functionally Structural Classification Fibrous.
Joints AKA “articulations” – functional junctions between bones Functions: –Bind parts of the skeletal system –Make bone growth possible –Permit parts.
Skeletal System Part II. Appendicular Skeleton ______ bones of the limbs and pectoral and pelvic girdles 126 In RED.
8-1 Anatomy and Physiology, Sixth Edition Rod R. Seeley Idaho State University Trent D. Stephens Idaho State University Philip Tate Phoenix College Copyright.
Go to the book web site and do the following questions. hill.com/sites/ /student_view0/ All of pre-test All of post test.
8 Joints Part A. Joints (Articulations) Weakest parts of the skeleton Articulation – site where two or more bones meet Functions of joints Give.
CHAPTER 9 “Joints” COMMON COURSE OBJECTIVES: Joints: Structural and functional classification Structure of a typical synovial joint Types.
Joints of the Skeletal System Articulations Junctions between bones Bind parts of skeletal system together Make bone growth possible Permit parts of the.
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Joints. F UNCTIONS OF THE S KELETON 1. Shape and support 2. Movement 3. Protection 4. Blood production.
Ch 9 Joints- Articulations -between bones, cartilage and bones, or teeth and bones.
Unit 1 – Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport.
Articulations Chapter 9. Introduction Skeleton composition –Many bones joined together (articulated) Articulation –Joints Advantages and disadvantages.
JOINTS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. FUNCTIONS OF JOINTS Bind parts of the skeletal system Allow bone growth Allow growth of the brain Allow changes in shape.
Joints of the Skeletal System Chapter Chapter 8 Joints of the Skeletal System Joints/Articulations Junctions between bones Ligaments connect bone.
1 Kinesiology. Daily Objectives Content Objectives Build a foundational knowledge of the articular system. Understand the Three classifications.
Joints A joint is the site of meeting of two or more bones. Joints are classified into three types (depending on the material that hold the articular.
Joints A joint, or articulation, is the place where two bones come together. Fibrous- Immovable; connect bones, no movement. (skull and pelvis). Cartilaginous-
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