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Male v. Female Skeleton Male larger hip bones more narrow more bone mass Female wider hip bones angle at symphysis pubis is greater less bone mass
Types of Joints Fibrous (immovable) sutures Cartilaginous (slightly movable) symphysis pubis between vertebrae Between ribs and vertebrae Connected with disks of fibrocartilage Synovial (movable)
Types of Joints - Synovial Covered with hyaline cartilage Bursae Fluid filled sacs b/w skin and processes
Types of Joints - Synovial Ball and socket Shoulder and hip Highly movable joint Allow movement in all directions Condyloid Metacarpals and phalanges Metatarsals and phalanges
Types of Joints - Synovial Gliding (sliding) Wrist and ankle Allows bones to slide in all directions Hinge Elbow Knee Allows bones to move back and forth
Types of Joints - Synovial Pivot Radius and ulna Saddle Thumb
Arthritis Inflamed, swollen joints Osteoarthritis Most common; old age Articular cartilage wears down
Arthritis Rheumatoid Autoimmune disorder Cartilage replaced by bone Very disfiguring
Arthritis Infectious/Acute Bacterial infection Lyme disease Gouty Result of uric acid being deposited b/c kidneys are not properly filtering Deposited in great toe first
Additional Disorders Rickets Soft bone condition in children Lack of calcium and/or vitamin D Osteomyelitis Acute or chronic bone infection Commonly caused by bacteria (at times – fungi)
Flexion - Extension decrease - increase angle Abduction - Adduction away - toward midline Rotation around an axis Pronation - Supination palm down -palm up Elevation - Depression raising - lowering
GCSE PE THEORY TYPES OF SYNOVIAL JOINT AND MOVEMENTS THEY MAKE.
P2P2. Joint movement – what are joints? A joint is a place where two or more bones meet. Without joints, our bodies would not be able to move. Joints,
Body Movements. Muscles and Body Movements Movement results when a muscle moves an attached bone Movement results when a muscle moves an attached bone.
Muscles and Body Movements Movement results when a muscle moves an attached bone Muscles are attached to at least two points Origin (anchor) Attachment.
Frolich, Human Anatomy, Mechanics of Movement HOW MOVEMENT HAPPENS: Muscles Pull on Tendons to Move Bones at Connections called Joints or Articulations.
Skeletal System Functions: Supports the body; Protects organs (ribs, sternum, skull); Place for muscles to attach; Stores Ca; Makes blood (hematopoiesis)
© Boardworks Ltd of 37 Presentation By Jaspreet Rekhi Introducing Sites: -
SKELETAL SYSTEM. Functions: 1. Physical support and protection of the internal organs 2. Responsible for body movement together with muscles 3. Serves.
Anatomy / Physiology Overview Skeletal System. Defined as the framework of bones, cartilage, ligaments and other connective tissues in the human body.
Frolich, Human Anatomy, Mechanics of Movement Review motor unit Review bony tissue and cartilagebones How movement happens Tendons and ligaments (review.
SKELETAL SYSTEM ORGANS THAT ARE CALLED BONES NUMBER OF ADULT BONES 206.
Joints (general) Joints of the upper limb Joints of the lower limb Chapter 9 of Tortora Human anatomy Lecturer: Dr. M. Samsam University of Central Florida,
OBHS Physical Education OBHS Physical Education ANATOMY – The Skeletal System.
Ball and Socket Structure A bone with a round end fits in a cup- shaped socket that does not move.
Mini Quiz 10 Skeletal and Muscular 1. What are two ways joints are classified? 2. What is the name given to the fibrous tissue sac filled with fluid found.
Chapter 10: Movement and Forces 10.1 The skeletal system provides movement and protection 10.2 The muscular system makes movement possible 10.3 Muscles.
ELAINE N. MARIEB EIGHTH EDITION 5 Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Lecture Slide Presentation by.
GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU The Muscular, Skeletal, Respiratory.
Anat 1 Chapter 8 : Articulations. 1. Synarthrosis (no movement) 1. Bony Fusion (Synostosis) 2. Fibrous (Suture and Gomphosis) 3. Cartilaginous (Synchondrosis)
PowerPoint ® Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing.
10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt Joints.
Skeletal System. Bones: 22 skull22 skull 27 hand27 hand 26 foot26 foot.
The bones of embryos are made largely of cartilage. They are soft. The process of ossification uses calcium to create bone as the child grows and.
Movements That Occur at Joints. Flexion- Bending part of a joint as that the angle between them decreases Extension- Straightening parts of a joint so.
Introduction to 1.2 Totally Ultimate 1.2 Totally Ultimate Demonstrate knowledge of body structure and function in a physical activity (Ultimate) Students.
This file reviews materials in Exercises 9, 10, 11 and it prepares students for the coming lab test. Ex. 9 (Appendicular skeleton) Ex. 10 (Fetal skeleton)
NervousSystem Integumentary System Skeletal System Muscular System Circulatory System Respiratory System Digestive System Excretory System Endocrine System.
Chapter # - Chapter Title $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Topic 1Topic 2Topic 3Topic 4 Topic 5 FINAL ROUND.
1 Axial (the center or axis) Appendicular (legs and arms) Skeletal Organization Skeleton is divided into two divisions!
The Skeletal System Lesson 3 by Jim Alton Objective Name the classification of bones Diagram the interior of a bone Explain how bones and muscles attach.
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