2DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES Kuttanad PackageDEPARTMENT OF FISHERIESGOVERNMENT OF KERALA
3Main strategies for conservation of fish biodiversity in Kuttanad area are Stock enhancement of indigenous species and release of hatchery reared seeds.Rehabilitation of vital habitats by establishing sanctuariesDevelopment of viable breeding techniques for the indigenous species under controlled conditions .
4Etroplus Suratensis or Karimeen the largest indegenous cichlid in Kuttanad the fishery of which is on the declineThe species exposed to high fishing pressure and environmental alternations and is categorned as vulnerable
5Etroplus Suratensis is essentially a brackish water fish that has become naturally acclimatized to inland waterAlthough the fish breeds naturally in confined condition, production is most erraticLack of required quantities of fish seed, the most serious constraint for expansion of cultureThis needs the establishment of a hatchery
6I. Establishment of Model Hatchery & Training Centre for Propogation & Farming of Karimeen in Ayiramthengu Fish FarmObjectivesEstablishment of model hatchery and training centre for seed production of KarimeenPromote backyard seed production in coastal areasEstablishment of a feed mill for production low cost feed
7Ayiramthengu farm situated in Ward 2 in Alappad Village Ayiramthengu farm situated in Ward 2 in Alappad Village. Farm is bounded by Kayamkulam kayal at East, T.S canal at West Total Area : acre Farm Area : acre Mangrove Area : acre
8Project componentsEstablishment of Model Fish hatchery and seed farm for breeding & farmingCaptive breeding and mass production of seeds of pearl spotSetting up of Model Fish Feed unit
9ActivitiesEstablishment of brood stock mgt ponds . The existing ponds, have to be strengthened to utilise as brood stock mgt ponds.Desiting and deepening of pondsEstablishment of Karimeen hatchery, construction of cement tanksEstablishment of modern diagnostic laboratory for water quality monitoring.Establishment of modern fish feed millEstablishment of training centre.
10Cost EstimateStrengthening of ponds : Rs. 210 lakhs Establishment of modern hatchery : Rs. 150 lakhs Establishment of laboratory : Rs. 170 lakhs Establishment of modern fish feed mill : Rs. 250 lakhs Establishment of training centre & : Rs. 700 lakhs guest house Storage facility & electrification : Rs. 190 lakhs Purchase of equipments & machinery : Rs. 215 lakhs Recurring contingency : Rs. 560 lakhs Total : Rs lakhs
11Phasing 1st year 2nd year 3rd year Total 1 Strengthening of Ponds 70 2152Establishment of modern hatchery501503Establishment of Laboratory101704Establishment of Modern Fish feed mill2505Establishment of training centre and guest house4501007006Storage facility & Electrification20-1907Equipments and Machinery1158Recurring expense26056014105504802445
12II. Revival of Productivity of Pearl Spot & Giant Prawns on Life cycle Approach ObjectiveTo revive & enhance the endemic fishes of pearl spot & giant prawn by setting up sanctuariesRanching of hatchery reared seeds of ‘scampi’
13StrategyDevelopment of designated areas in Vembanad as protected sanctuaries by installation of artificial roof & nest **Stocking of endemic fish species through ranching10 Hac area will be enclosed by planting coconut and bamboo piles at close intervals.
14Established by RARS, Kumarakom In situ conservationEstablished by RARS, Kumarakom
15In-situ conservation of E.suratensis in Vembanad lake
19. Restoration RanchingThere has been increase in fishing pressure for prawns. The revival of the fishing can be attributed by ranching of hatchery reared seeds.A scientific method for nursing in enclosure cages prior to release, to open waters is suggested for better survival
20Open water nurseries in Vembenad lake PP shade net cage nurseries
21Implementing Agency : Department of Fisheries Technical Support : RARS, KumarakomTotal cost for 2 : Rs. 100 lakhssanctuariesTotal cost for ranching : Rs. 100 lakhs
22Cluster based cage culture of Pearl Spot in Kuttanad area Strategy : Eco friendly farming of Karimeen in cages to utilise the carrying capacity of water bodies and argument fish production and generating income.Advantage :Low InvestmentMortality lowSimple management technique
23Project Area : Suitable open water bodies in Vembanad Lake Beneficiaries : Self help group residing near the water area Technical support : RARS, Kumarakom
24Size of cage : 2 x 1 x1.5 No. of cages : 1000 Stocking density : 200/ m3 culture period : 6 months Anticipated production per cycle : 8400 kg
25Cost Estimate Total Cost : Rs. 143. 60 lakhs 1st year : Rs. 43 Cost Estimate Total Cost : Rs lakhs 1st year : Rs lakhs 2nd year : RS lakhs 3rd year : Rs lakhs