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Presentation to Agriculture and Rural Development Committee, European Parliament on 29 th September 2010 The EU Egg Industry – Welfare of Laying Hens EUWEP.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation to Agriculture and Rural Development Committee, European Parliament on 29 th September 2010 The EU Egg Industry – Welfare of Laying Hens EUWEP."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation to Agriculture and Rural Development Committee, European Parliament on 29 th September 2010 The EU Egg Industry – Welfare of Laying Hens EUWEP

2 2 The Key Issues Egg Industry is working hard to meet full requirements of Council Directive 1999/74/EC by 1 st January 2012 –Legislation must be implemented, whilst avoiding problems Major producers most able to meet deadline on ban on Conventional Cages –Smaller producers unlikely to, or leave industry EUWEP has real concerns that rate of conversion to either enriched cages or non-cage systems of production is not happening fast enough to ensure full compliance across the EU If eggs produced by hens, which continue to be housed in a conventional cage, were precluded from being marketed from 1 st January 2012, the result would be a massive egg shortage resulting in a significant increase in egg prices Need to ensure orderly move to either enriched systems or non- cage systems, to prevent market distortion EUWEP

3 3 Total 354.67 million hens Data from 26 member states 154.6m ‘other’ hens not included EUWEP Source: EUWEP / from DG AGRI data Updated on 28 th May 2010

4 4 Total 353.53 million hens Assumption - Enriched cage growth to 30m hens 147.6m ‘other’ hens not included EUWEP Source: EUWEP / from DG AGRI data Updated on 28 th May 2010

5 5 Total 353.53 million hens 29% of Laying hens non- compliant on 1 st January 2012 Assumptions - Enriched Cage hen numbers increase to 130m - Barn increases to 70m hens - FR increases to 40m hens Source: EUWEP EUWEP Updated on 28 th May 2010

6 6 What is the likely consequence if 29% of EU hens remain in conventional cages on 1 st January 2012? Scenario 1 - Member states enforce legislation 83 million egg a day needing to be disposed of … Leading to … an egg shortage of 83 million eggs a day! But this cannot be filled by imports from non-EU countries as currently only Switzerland, Croatia and Norway authorised to export shell eggs to EU (due to EU’s Salmonella legislation) Prices to consumers would increase sharply In the medium term, EU production is likely to be replaced by imports of eggs and egg products produced to inferior animal welfare standards This would not benefit laying hen welfare, consumers, industry employment, cereal growers, the environment, EU food security, or the wider economy EUWEP

7 7 What is the likely consequence if 29% of EU hens remain in conventional cages on 1 st January 2012? Scenario 2 - If more time is given to convert… If member states do not enforce legislation, or more time is allowed to convert from conventional cages … Then conventional cage production would continue … Causing widespread market disruption, severely affecting the viability of many (compliant) businesses as prices and therefore producer returns are depressed –This would affect producers in all systems of production - Cage, Barn, Free Range, Organic ‘Unfair’ on those producers who have invested … A different approach is needed EUWEP

8 8 Suggested Approach (1) Need to avoid a massive egg shortage in the EU and avoid a significant increase in prices to consumers If there are some producers who need additional time to phase-out conventional cages, this should be provided –but, maximum of 1-2 laying flock cycles to encourage early compliance –stocking density in CCs must also be reduced to 750cm² per hen During this time there must be an intra-EU trade ban on table eggs (from conventional cages) to prevent those producers who have made the investment from being commercially disadvantaged –In other words, eggs from conventional cages continuing to operate under this time-limited derogation could only be marketed as table eggs in the member state of production A clearly set out plan to convert conventional cages to either enriched cages or non-cage systems must be put in place –Must be approved by the national competent authorities –Strict penalties for non-compliance introduced EUWEP

9 9 Suggested Approach (2) Enforcement … To allow enforcement authorities to differentiate between eggs from enriched cages and conventional cages, eggs from an enriched cage would be marked with a No3 from 1 st January 2012 and eggs from a conventional cage would be marked with a No4 or other mark. –All egg marking must take place on the production unit Control is vital. Need increase in FVO inspection visits in 2012 to check for compliance –If non-compliance noted, immediate action to be taken EUWEP

10 10 Conclusion Doing nothing is no longer an option! Council/Parliament/Commission must intervene if all laying hens currently housed in conventional cages in the EU are not converted by 1 st January 2012 –to ensure that EU consumers can continue to be offered affordable, high quality, safe, EU produced eggs EU standards are now among the highest in the world Must maintain EU model of production to avoid egg production being ‘exported’ to non-EU countries (and then import eggs and egg products from non-EU countries) Commission has been asked to closely monitor the development of egg production systems in each member state up to 2012 –Member states must be required to report hen numbers housed in both ‘enriched cages’ and ‘conventional cages’ separately EUWEP

11 11 Annex For background Information EUWEP

12 Annex - EU Egg Industry Background (2009p) Egg Production (source: EC) –EU – 277.427 million tonnes System of Production (source: EUWEP estimate) –Conventional cage 62.5%, Enriched cage 8.5%, Free range 9.2%, Barn 17.1%, Organic 2.7% Number of Laying Hens (source: EC) –EU–27 354 million (+ 148m ‘other’ hens) Egg consumption (EU-27) (source: EC) –235 eggs/capita/annum, or 14.68 kg/capita/annum Exports – 140,000 tonnes (1.9% of production) (source: EC) Imports – 40,000 tonnes (0.5% of production) (source: EC) EUWEP

13 More space per hen, higher cost……. (Source: Van Horne, LEI) EUWEP

14 Production cost eggs 2008, EU and non-EU (Eurocent/kg) (Source: Van Horne, LEI) EUWEP

15 EU Import levies on whole egg powder 2008 (Eurocent/kg) (Source: Van Horne, LEI) EUWEP

16 EU Import levies whole egg powder 2012 (Eurocent/kg) (Source: Van Horne, LEI) EUWEP

17 17 EU E nriched Colony (Source: Big Dutchman) EUWEP

18 Number of EU Laying Hens by System of Production (‘000) (2004 – 2012F) 34.2 m Romanian ‘back-yard’ hens included as FR Non-compliant hens from 1/1/12 Enriched cage included for first time EUWEP Source: EUWEP / from DG AGRI data Updated on 28 th May 2010


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