IACUC Administrator Vet Review DMR IACUC Committee Approved for 3 years Approved for 3 years Amendments? Administrative DMR Committee PAM every 6 months 2 years, 9 months Time to renew!
Definitions IACUC – Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee OAR – Office of Animal Resources PHS & NIH – Public Health Services & National Institutes of Health OLAW – Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare AAALAC – Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International The Guide – The Guide to the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals USDA – United States Department of Agriculture APHIS – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services AWA – Animal Welfare Act Compliance – Following all regulations set forth in the PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, the Guide and AWA Reportable Event – Departure from guidelines that is reported to Grantors
USDA (United States Department Of Agriculture) Regulatory Oversight of Animals Used in Research PHS (Public Health Services) AAALAC, International (Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International) UNIVERSITY OF IOWA IACUC (Institutional Animal Care & Use Committee) AP or Protocol (Animal Protocol) Investigator NIH (National Institute Of Health) OLAW (Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare) APHIS (Animal and Health Plant Inspection Services) AWA (Animal Welfare Act) “The Guide” (The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals)
http://nexus.od.nih.gov/nexus/nexus.aspx?ID=473&Month=06&Year=2010 The new “Guide” is out The IACUC and PAM are here to “guide” you through the new Guide: Educate Resource Connect
Information on Animal Protocols remains up-to-date and in compliance. Foster a teamwork environment between the laboratories and IACUC. Allow for an exchange of information and education. Create consistency in policies which allows consistency in research performed at the University. Our purpose is to allow your research to proceed without interruption or jeopardy!
Uncovered cages in public areas All cages and transport vehicles, regardless of whether they contain animals or not, must be covered when outside of Animal Resources facility. Animals\caging must not be visible. Carry no more than 2 mouse/rat cages. Must use cart for more than 2 mouse/rat cages. Material covering the cage must be oxygen permeable. A plastic garbage is not an acceptable method!!
Animals cannot be kept outside of the animal husbandry facilities for more than 12 hours (USDA species) or 24 hours (rodents) without IACUC approval. This is a federal requirement!!! This request requires the convening of the full IACUC before approval can be granted!! Animals being housed in laboratories without prior approval
You are responsible for cleaning up after your animals! University custodians are not allowed to handle animal waste. Not cleaning up animal waste
Animals should remain in original housing cage. DO NOT COMBINE animals from any other cage. Filter top must remain on cage. Gently insert tube through water hole flap. Turn on CO2 gas to Level 15. Maintain gas flow until breathing stops, AND Continue gas flow for 1 additional minute. Turn off CO2 gas. DO NOT TOUCH! Proper Use of CO 2 in Euthanasia Procedures
Remove tube. Leave animals in cage with CO2 for at least 5 more minutes. Filter top must remain in place Flap must remain closed Flap must remain closed Perform confirmation of death as described in the approved Animal Protocol. After confirmation of death has been performed, place animals in plastic bag. Tie a knot in the bag. Place bag into a red container in the cooler.
Confirmation of death must be performed on every animal It is required that a confirmation of death be performed on every animal being euthanized. The method of confirmation must be identified in the approved Animal Protocol. Examples: Animals under 500 gm: Cervical dislocation Decapitation 15 minutes in a CO 2 charged chamber post-respiratory arrest Thoracotomy Vital tissue harvest (must include brain, heart and/or lungs) Animals over 500 gm: Bilateral thoracotomy Vital tissue harvest (must include brain, heart and/or lungs)
No photos are allowed in the animal housing facility with a cell phone or any other camera, except with written authorization from the Office of Animal Resources. Misuse of animal access: Cameras/cell phones
Do not allow people you do not know personally into the facilities. Do not admit other people into the animal facility or animal rooms. You are authorized only in animal rooms where your animals are housed. Misuse of animal access: Entering facilities
All persons performing survival surgeries must be observed performing one surgery The Definition of Surgery: Disruption of any integumentary surface of a living animal by any means other than a hypodermic needle, biopsy needle, ear punch, or tail snip is considered surgery. Surgical reports must be maintained! Surgical records are a record of what actually happened, not a reiteration of what is stated in the Animal Protocol Date Animal Protocol number Animal ID Procedure Anesthetic agents Time of induction Time of recovery Date(s) and time(s) of analgesia Post-op monitoring Date when sutures are removed or are no longer present If it’s not written down, it didn’t happen!!
Performing procedures on The wrong animal or Animal Protocol (AP) Before performing any procedures, double-check the AP number on the animal cage to the approved AP to verify that the procedure is approved under that AP number.
Performing unapproved procedures: Before performing any procedures, double-check that the procedure to be performed is approved under that AP number. A description of the procedure must be approved on an AP before it can be performed.
Unapproved Personnel: Before performing any procedures, double-check that the person who is about to perform a procedure is listed on that AP number. It is required that each person working with animals must be listed on each AP. You ARE NOT approved if: You are listed on one approved AP, but are handling the animals approved under another Your PI is listed on an approved AP, but you are not An amendment has been sent in, but not yet approved
Incorrectly Transferring Animals Between PIs Animals transferred to a different PI and AP cannot be used until transfer has been approved!!! Signatures from both labs must be obtained. Originating labReceiving lab
1.Originating PI/lab tech labels each cage to be transferred with a Purple Transfer Card (obtained from the Area Supervisor). 2.Originating PI/lab tech fills out the top section of a yellow mouse slip for “Transfer Mice.” Originating lab must sign transfer slip. 3.Receiving PI/lab tech must fill out the bottom section of the transfer slip. Receiving PI/lab must sign the transfer slip. 4.After both signatures have been obtained: 1.Give to area Supervisor, OR 2.Give to area Caretaker, OR 3.Leave slip on one of the labeled cages to be transferred. How to Transfer Animals Between PI/Labs Receiving PI/lab CANNOT touch, use or move the transferred animals until the Receiving PI/lab has received an email from OAR stating that the transfer has been approved.
1.PI/lab fills out yellow mouse slip for “Transfer Mice.” 2.If OAR is moving the animals: 1.Label cages with a Purple Transfer Card (obtained from the area Supervisor) to be moved by OAR 2.Leave slip on one of the labeled cages to be moved, OR 3.If the PI/lab is moving the animals: 1.Obtain a signature from the area Supervisor/Caretaker (to ensure the building/room change is suitable and available) 2.PI/lab can then move the cages 3.This option is only available when a car or van is not required for the move How to Transfer Animals Between Rooms