How did the various English colonists come to see themselves as “Americans”?
English : Colonials 1700 - 20:1 1775 - 3:1 1775 2.5 million people in 13 colonies 90% pop. is rural VA, MA, PA, NC, MD are most populous 6% are Germans 7% Scots-Irish 20% African ???? Native American Middle Colonies most multi-ethnic
Sugar Act of 1764 – control trade b/w colonies and West Indies (threatened to increase price of Rum!) Stamp Act of 1765 A DIRECT TAX Quartering Act of 1765 – troops from Fr&Ind War Townsend Acts of 1767- INDIRECT duty tax, esp.on tea March 5, 1770 – “Boston Massacre” –John Adams Role / result “Intolerable Acts” of 1774 – targeted Boston (4,000 troops return to Boston April 1775, Lexington and Concord Impending Storm
Colonial Resistance Stamp Act Congress of 1765 – attempt at colonial unity –Sons of Liberty (Sam Adams) 1772 – Sam Adams forms first Committee of Correspondence “non-importation” and “tar and feathers” Dec. 16, 1773 – Boston Tea Party Continental Congress called in 1774-complete boycott April 1775 Colonial Militia fight at Lexington & Concord
Advantage? Disadvantage?p108 GREAT BRITAIN Pop. of 7.5 million Prof. Army of 50,000 Hessian mercenaries Royal treasury Royal navy Divided parliament Long lines of supply Poor generalship More cannon, arms, &powder Many Colonials remain loyal Emancipated slaves join GB COLONIALS Pop. Of 2.5 million Small, untrained militia No centralized govt. No treasury No navy Angry France, Irish problem for GB Defending homes Washington, Franklin Few armories, little powder
Growing Conflict LEXINGTON AND CONCORD INTOLERABLE ACTS BOSTON TEA PARTY COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE BOSTON MASSACRE TOWNSHEND ACT STAMP ACT SUGAR ACT
How did the various English colonists come to see themselves as “Americans”? Stamp act Congress (Oct 1765) Non Importation (boycotts, tar and feather)1767 Committees of Correspondence (1773) First Continental Congress (Sept 1774) Second Continental Congress (May 1775)