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Chapter Nine The Capital Markets Slide 9–3 Capital Markets Original maturity is greater than one year Best known capital market securities: –Stocks and.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Nine The Capital Markets Slide 9–3 Capital Markets Original maturity is greater than one year Best known capital market securities: –Stocks and."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Chapter Nine The Capital Markets

3 Slide 9–3 Capital Markets Original maturity is greater than one year Best known capital market securities: –Stocks and bonds Primary issuers of securities: –Federal and local governments –Corporations Largest purchasers of securities: –You and me

4 Slide 9–4 Capital Market Trading 1.Primary market for initial sale (IPO) 2.Secondary market –Over-the-counter –Organized exchanges (i.e., NYSE)

5 Slide 9–5 Want to be listed on the NYSE? You will need at least: stockholders, each owning at least 100 shares 2.A minimum of 1.1 million shares traded publicly 3.Pretax earnings of $2.5 million at the time of listing 4.$2 million in pretax earning in each of the two prior years 5.A total of $100 million in market value of publicly traded shares

6 Slide 9–6 Figure 9-1: Number of Listed Companies Yearly Comparison with NYSE, AMEX, and Nasdaq

7 Slide 9–7 Treasury Bonds

8 Slide 9–8 Treasury Bond Interest Rates No default risk Very low interest rates

9 Slide 9–9 Figure 9-3: Interest Rate on Treasury Bonds and the Inflation Rate, 1973–2002 Treasury Bond Interest Rates

10 Slide 9–10 Compare 20-Year Treasury Bonds to 90-Day Treasury Bills Figure 9-4: Interest Rates on Treasury Bills and Treasury Bonds, 1973–2002 (January of each year)

11 Slide 9–11 Municipal Bonds 1.Issued by local, county, and state governments 2.Used to finance public interest projects 3.Tax-free municipal interest rate = taxable interest rate  (1  marginal tax rate) 4.Two types –General obligation bonds –Revenue bonds 5.NOT default-free

12 Slide 9–12 Comparing Revenue and General Obligation Bonds Figure 9-5: Issuance of Revenue and General Obligation Bonds, 1984–2000 (End of year)

13 Slide 9–13 Corporate Bonds Face value of $1,000 Pay interest semi-annually Can be redeemed anytime the issuer wishes Degree of risk varies with each bond Interest rate varies with level of risk

14 Slide 9–14 Sample Corporate Bond Figure 9-2: Sohio/BP Corporate Bond

15 Slide 9–15 Figure 9-7: Corporate Bond Interest Rates, 1973–2002 (End of year)

16 Slide 9–16 Characteristics of Corporate Bonds Registered Bonds Restrictive Covenants Call Provisions –Higher yield –Sinking fund –Interest of the stockholders –Alternative opportunities Conversion

17 Slide 9–17 Types of Corporate Bonds Secured Bonds –Mortgage bonds –Equipment trust certificates Unsecured Bonds –Debentures –Subordinated debentures –Variable-rate bonds Junk Bonds

18 Slide 9–18 Debt Ratings

19 Slide 9–19 Trends in the Bond Market Figure 9-8: Bonds and Stocks Issued, 1983–2000

20 Slide 9–20 Stock 1.Represents ownership in a firm 2.Earn a return in two ways –Price of the stock rises over time –Dividends are paid to the stockholder 3.Stockholders have claim on all assets 4.Right to vote for directors and on certain issues 5.Two types –Common stock Right to vote Receive dividends –Preferred stock Receive a fixed dividend Do not usually vote

21 Slide 9–21 Figure 9-9: Wien Consolidated Airlines Stock Sample Corporate Stock Certificate

22 Slide 9–22 Stock Prices

23 Slide 9–23 30 Stocks in the Dow Jones Industrial Average

24 Slide 9–24 Stock Market Indexes Graph of Dow Jones Industrial Average

25 Slide 9–25 Public Issues of Stocks and Bonds Two principal ways to sell securities to the public –Investment bankers –Private placement


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