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Chapter 41 Cash, Short-term Investments and Accounts Receivable Chapter 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 41 Cash, Short-term Investments and Accounts Receivable Chapter 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 41 Cash, Short-term Investments and Accounts Receivable Chapter 4

2 Chapter 8 Stockholder’s Equity

3 Chapter 83 3 Chapter 8 Learning Objectives Describe the important characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of a corporation. Identify the key rights and privileges of common and preferred stockholders. Account for the issuance of corporate stock. Account for treasury stock transactions, cash and stock dividends, and stock splits. Understand how Retained Earnings is affected by net income (loss), dividends and prior period adjustments. Prepare a statement of stockholders’ equity. Define the key information needs of decision makers regarding stockholders’ equity, including dividend yield and return on equity.

4 Chapter 84 Limited Liability Transfer of Ownership Ability to generate large amounts of Capital Ability to retain professional management teams Key Advantages of the Corporation

5 Chapter 85 Benefits of Listing on a Stock Exchange

6 Chapter 86 Double Taxation of Corporate Profit Governmental Regulation Difficulty in Borrowing Funds Key Disadvantages of Corporations

7 Chapter 87 STOCK TERMS Common Stock Preferred Stock Authorized Issued Outstanding Treasury Par Value

8 Chapter 88 Voting Preemptive right to receive distributions – Dividends Proportionate share of net assets after liquidation Rights of Shareholders

9 Chapter 89 Relationships Among Stock Categories

10 Chapter 810 The Three C’s of Preferred Stock Cumulative Callable Convertible

11 Chapter 811 Stock Issuances Corporations issue stock in many different transactions and for many different amounts per share. If the stock has a par value, the balance of the stock account is only the total par value of the number of shares issued. Because corporations can’t recognize gains or losses on the sale of their own stock, any proceeds above par value are credited to Additional Paid-In Capital on Common Stock, which is a stockholders’ account.

12 Chapter 812 Stock Issuance Example Moonbeam Corporations issues 100 shares of $10 par-value common stock for $18 per share and prepares the following entry.

13 Chapter 813Chapter 813 Gilbert Company issues 50,000 shares of $5 par value common stock for $7 per share. Gilbert will credit Additional PIC on Common Stock for a. $250,000. b. $350,000. c. $100,000. d. $50,000.

14 Chapter 814Chapter 814 Gilbert Company issues 50,000 shares of $5 par value common stock for $7 per share. Gilbert will credit Additional PIC on Common Stock for a. $250,000. b. $350,000. c. $100,000. d. $50,000.

15 Chapter 815 ESOPS Good Investment Increase Price Consolidate Ownership Treasury Stock

16 Chapter 816 Treasury Stock Transaction Examples

17 Chapter 817Chapter 817 Gilbert Company sells 50 shares of treasury stock to employees for $20 per share. The treasury stock has a cost of $17 per share. Gilbert will credit a. Treasury Stock for $1,000. b. Additional PIC on TS-Common for $1,000. c. Additional PIC on TS-Common for $150. d. Additional PIC on TS-Common for $850.

18 Chapter 818Chapter 818 Gilbert Company sells 50 shares of treasury stock to employees for $20 per share. The treasury stock has a cost of $17 per share. Gilbert will credit a. Treasury Stock for $1,000. b. Additional PIC on TS-Common for $1,000. c. Additional PIC on TS-Common for $150. d. Additional PIC on TS-Common for $850.

19 Chapter 819 Stock Transactions

20 Chapter 820Chapter 820 Heedy Company issued 5,000 shares of $5 par value, common stock on March 1 for $20 per share. On June 30, Heedy Company acquires 2,000 treasury shares for $7 per share. On October 31, Heedy company sells 1,000 shares of treasury stock for $8 per share. Prepare entries needed for the above transactions.

21 Chapter 821Chapter 821 DateDescriptionDebitCredit March 1Cash100,000 Common Stock 25,000 Add’l PIC on Common Stock 75,000 June 30Treasury Stock 14,000 Cash 14,000 Oct. 31Cash 8,000 Treasury Stock 7,000 Add’l PIC on TS-Common 1,000

22 Chapter 822 Dividends – the Three D’s Date of Record Declaration Distribution

23 Chapter 823 Dividends Cash Dividend Property Dividend Stock Dividend Stock Split Liquidating Dividend Dividend Reinvestment Plan

24 Chapter 824 Cash Dividends Example Assume on May 31, the board of directors of Catlin Corporation decided to declare an annual dividend. There are 1,900 shares of preferred stock and 153,940 shares of common stock outstanding. The board declares a $2 dividend on the preferred stock and a $0.25 per share dividend on the common stock. Date of payment is June 25. Catlin Corporation records the following entries to declare and pay the cash dividend.

25 Chapter 825 Cash Dividends Example Continued

26 Chapter 826Chapter 826 On March 25, Gilbert Company declares a total cash dividend of $5,700 to stockholders on record April 5, with a payment date of April 20. The Cash account will a. decrease on April 5. b. decrease on March 25. c. increase on April 20. d. decrease on April 20.

27 Chapter 827Chapter 827 On March 25, Gilbert Company declares a total cash dividend of $5,700 to stockholders on record April 5, with a payment date of April 20. The Cash account will a. decrease on April 5. b. decrease on March 25. c. increase on April 20. d. decrease on April 20.

28 Chapter 828 Stock Dividend Example Assume that on October 5, the board of directors of Melbourne, Inc. declares a 10% stock dividend. The company has 1,000,000 shares of $3 par value common stock outstanding. The stock is selling for $16 per share on October 5. On November 21, the additional shares of stock are distributed to the stockholders. Melbourne prepares the following entries to record declaring and distributing the stock dividend.

29 Chapter 829 Stock Dividend Example Continued

30 Chapter 830 Stock Dividend Example Continued

31 Chapter 831Chapter 831 On March 25, Gilbert Company declares a 10% stock dividend to stockholders on record April 5, with a distribution date of April 20. Total stockholders’ equity will a. decrease on April 5. b. not change. c. increase on April 20. d. decrease on April 20.

32 Chapter 832Chapter 832 On March 25, Gilbert Company declares a 10% stock dividend to stockholders on record April 5, with a distribution date of April 20. Total stockholders’ equity will a. decrease on April 5. b. not change. c. increase on April 20. d. decrease on April 20.

33 Chapter 833 Dividends Recap

34 Chapter 834 Stock Splits A stock split increases the number of shares of a company’s stock through a proportionate reduction in the stock’s par value. Splits typically have a similar effect on the stock’s market value. Assume the board of directors of Melbourne, Inc. declares a 2-for-1 stock split on December 5. Prior to the split, there are 1,100,000 shares of $3 par value common stock outstanding. After the split, Melbourne, Inc. will have 2,200,000 shares of $1.50 par value common stock outstanding. No journal entry is required for a stock split.

35 Chapter 835 Effects of Dividends and Splits

36 Chapter 836Chapter 836 Heedy Company declares a 15% stock dividend on March 15 to stockholders of record on March 31, to be distributed on April 10. Heedy currently has 20,000 shares of $5 par value common stock outstanding. The stock is currently selling for $8 per share. Prepare entries needed for the above transactions.

37 Chapter 837Chapter 837 DateDescriptionDebitCredit March 15Stock Dividends-CS24,000 CS Dividends Distributable 15,000 Add’l PIC on Common Stock 9,000 April 10CS Dividends Distributable 15,000 Common Stock 15,000

38 Chapter 838 Adjustments to Retained Earnings Net Income/Loss Dividends Prior Period Adjustments Loss due to Sale of Treasury Stock

39 Chapter 839 Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity Example

40 Chapter 840 Return on Equity Book value per share = Total common Stockholders’ Equity Total Shares of Common Stock Outstanding Return on Equity = (Net Income - Preferred Stock Dividends) Average Common Stockholders' Equity

41 Chapter 841Chapter 841 THE END!


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