Key Figures 722 Youth centers About 15% of all young people between 10-18 years are regular users (once a month or more) About 1 200 000 single visits a year 44,7% has a majority of boys 49,2% has a balance between boys and girls 6,2% has a majority of girls
Youth at risk Reaches all social layers, but «youth at risk» is slightly overrepresented – Social indicators (books at home, own a car, vacations last year, has their own bedroom and so on) – Slightly more boys than girls – Immigrants boys – Reduces alcohol and drug use – High level of trust between the youth workers and the youth (friends, mother, father, youth worker) – School drop outs stay in youth centers for a period after dropping out of school – Development of social and emotional skills show a better long-term effect than symptomatically targeting «at risk»-behavior
National policy framework No national policy on open youth work or youth centers, But several specific policy areas regulate the field: – Convention of the Rights of the child (§12 and §31) – Poverty-plans, big-city issues – Participation – Inclusion – Cultural law (kulturloven) – Prevention – drugs, bullying, drop out, healthy lifestyle – Public health
Local policy framework Municipalities develop their own local strategies. Top down or bottom up? – Well adapted to local needs – Decisions are made as close to the youth as possible – Flexible solutions that easily can adapt to changing trends – Random development, hard to build knowledge – Hard to implement national strategies – Vulnerable to changing level of participation – Under-financing can have a negative impact!
Cross-sectorial cooperation Weak vertical policies, demands strong local horizontal cooperation Social Work (SLT) Police School Child welfare system Health services Outreach work / street workers Youth information centers Cultural work Culture- and hobby schools Local artists (musicians, dancers, film-makers) Sports activities
Key competencies Participation, also as a method Methodical approach (A to B) Coaching Social and cultural work Youth knowledge (gender, group dynamic, conflict resolution, psychology) Management, planning and strategy Legal issues Communication skills Ethical framework
What is the role of youth work? Open youth work and centers Youth Parents Stakeholders Youth worker Politicians Policy
QWERTY Can todays structures answer tomorrows questions? – Work life: Flexibility, creativity, teamwork, empathy, self-control, multitasking, understand complex scenarios – Youth: Resilient, growing number of possibilities and choices
Trends Self-organized sports and lifestyle sports are growing (organized sports loose youth at young age) Technology has made the creation of music, film, photo and so on more accessible. Youth define and create their own culture the divide between online world and «analog» world is breaking down. (Do we need new ethics for new media?) Informal learning and non-formal learning gets more important Inflation of education How do we measure youth work? Evidence based youth policy development
Summary Strong local foundation, national support Clear expectations, clear mandate Concrete strategies and goals Have the right competence Participation as a method in youth work Focus on positive activities, and building the competencies of the youngsters. Prevention is an effect, not an activity There must be enough resources to be able to do a good job
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